Chapter 5 : Saccharomyces spp.

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This chapter focuses mostly on studies carried out using the commercial strain of as effector organism for probiotic and replacement therapy. It first discusses history and taxonomy of species. utilizes multiple mechanisms to exert its beneficial effects. The mechanisms of action of . as probiotic agents discussed are interference with bacterial adhesion, inactivation of bacterial virulence factors, enhancement of the mucosal immune response, modulating host signaling pathways, strengthening of enterocyte tight junctions, and capacity to affect immune cell redistribution. A number of animal disease models have been used to study the mechanisms of action of organisms as well as their potential clinical applications. has been used for the treatment or prevention of a variety of diarrheal diseases, such as antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD), acute infectious diarrhea in adults and children, traveler’s diarrhea, diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients, -associated disease, and inflammatory bowel diseases including both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Next, the chapter presents a description of some clinical trials that have shown the efficacy of in different diseases. Finally, it talks about adverse effects of probiotic use.

Citation: Chen X, Kelly C. 2008. Saccharomyces spp., p 51-60. In Versalovic J, Wilson M (ed), Therapeutic Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815462.ch5

Key Concept Ranking

Traveler's Diarrhea
Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
Small Intestine
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