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Chapter 13 : Effects of Prebiotic Supplementation on Bone Mineral Metabolism and Weight in Humans

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Effects of Prebiotic Supplementation on Bone Mineral Metabolism and Weight in Humans, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The ability of prebiotics to enhance calcium absorption and bone mineralization has become an important rationale for their use. This chapter reviews the key human studies related to this potential effect and considers the role prebiotics may play in bone health. In addition, it discusses recent evidence that prebiotics may be beneficial in weight management. Finally, it considers potential applications of prebiotics in nutritional planning, especially for children and adolescents.

Citation: Abrams S. 2008. Effects of Prebiotic Supplementation on Bone Mineral Metabolism and Weight in Humans, p 175-182. In Versalovic J, Wilson M (ed), Therapeutic Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815462.ch13

Key Concept Ranking

Calcium
0.50178534
Large Intestine
0.46080562
Small Intestine
0.45815024
0.50178534
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References

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24. Scholz-Ahrens,, K. E.,, P. Ade,, B. Marten,, P. Weber,, W. Timm,, Y. Acil,, C. C. Gluer, and, J. Schrezenmeir. 2007. Prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics affect mineral absorption, bone mineral content, and bone structure. J Nutr. 137(3 Suppl. 2):838S846S.
25. Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. 1997. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
26. Suzuki, T., and, H. Hara. 2004. Various nondigestible saccharides open a paracellular calcium transport pathway with the induction of intracellular calcium signaling in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. J. Nutr. 134:19351941.
27. van den Heuvel,, E. G.,, G. Schaafsma,, T. Muys, and, W. van Dokkum. 1999. Nondigestible oligosaccharides do not interfere with calcium and nonheme-iron absorption in young, healthy men. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 67:445451.
28. van den Heuvel,, E. G.,, M. H. Schoterman, and, T. Muijs. 2000. Transgalactooligosaccharides stimulate calcium absorption in postmenopausal women. J. Nutr. 130:29382942.

Tables

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Table 1

Determination of the equivalent daily intake of calcium needed to achieve the same benefit as inclusion of a prebiotic on calcium absorption

Citation: Abrams S. 2008. Effects of Prebiotic Supplementation on Bone Mineral Metabolism and Weight in Humans, p 175-182. In Versalovic J, Wilson M (ed), Therapeutic Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815462.ch13

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