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Chapter 36 : Transmission of Antibiotic Resistance from Food Animals to Humans
Category: Bacterial Pathogenesis
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Food of animal origin is considered the most important sources of Campylobacter causing infections in humans. This chapter reviews the current knowledge on antimicrobial susceptibility, occurrence of antimicrobial resistance, and transmission of antimicrobial resistant Campylobacter from food animals. Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter is important for assessing the association between antimicrobial use and occurrence of antibiotic resistance. A total of 4,953 isolates from humans received by the Minnesota Department of Health were tested for resistance to nalidixic acid. Because fluoroquinolones (FQs) use in humans can lead to resistance in Campylobacter during therapy, it can be difficult to determine whether increased resistance in human strains is mainly caused by veterinary or human drug use. There are no known biological reasons why resistant Campylobacter should not transmit from animals to humans as well as susceptible Campylobacter. Several studies have shown that infections with quinolone-resistant Campylobacter in humans are associated with adverse effects for human health, mainly measured by prolonged diarrhea. Campylobacteriosis is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in humans worldwide. Studies aimed at the human health consequences of infections with antimicrobialresistant strains should help guide interventions aimed at limiting the spread of the most important types of resistant strains. The effects of successful intervention measures can be used to direct similar in interventions in other countries and have the potential to considerably improve food safety worldwide.
Occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni from U.S. chickens during 2002 to 2006.
Macrolide resistance among Campylobacter coli from pigs and consumption of tylosin for growth promotion and therapy in Denmark, 1995 to 2006.
Occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter jejuni from U.S. chickens, 1998 to 2006.
Antimicrobial resistance mechanism in Campylobacter
Experimental studies on the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter after treatment
Occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni isolated from broiler chickens in Denmark from 1997 to 2001
Recent data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter jejuni from broilers in different countries
Recent data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter coli from pigs in different countries
Recent data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter jejuni from cattle in different countries
Recent data on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter jejuni from broiler meat in different countries
Case-control studies evaluating risk factors for quinolone resistant Campylobacter infections