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Chapter 10 : —Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History

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—Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The first definitive description of neonatal meningitis due to “yellow-pigmented ” was in 1961, and it was followed 4 years later by a similar description. Biogroup 15 was the most distinct and had four distinguishing characteristics. It also was the only biogroup that fermented a-methyl-D-glucoside. At the time, it was suspected that really was a new genus with at least two species. However, as there was a wait in the laboratory to do another round of DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, the original paper in 1980a had to go with the hybridization data for only five strains. The paper of 1980a and the publications it cited gave several early insights on human infections and the epidemiology and ecology of hospital infections. The need for a foundation to further research of came from several recent discussions and events. Input on the foundation’s mission will be solicited from the public, industry, physicians, microbiologists, other scientists, government and regulatory agencies, and from anyone else who wishes to give input.

Citation: Farmer III J. 2008. —Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History, p 255-271. In Farber J, Forsythe S, Doyle M (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815608.ch10

Key Concept Ranking

Enterobacter cloacae
0.9230769
Enterobacter sakazakii
0.7884616
Vibrio parahaemolyticus
0.78846157
0.9230769
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Figures

Image of Figure 1
Figure 1

DNA-DNA hybridization data that showed that is a distinct species and not a biogroup of The type strain of (the first strain, indicated by a dot, on the far left) was 83 to 89% related to four other strains but was only 31 to 49% related to nine strains of (CDC Archive, figure no. B77-1390.)

Citation: Farmer III J. 2008. —Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History, p 255-271. In Farber J, Forsythe S, Doyle M (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815608.ch10
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Photograph of Riichi Sakazaki (left) and Jim Farmer taken in October 1980.

Citation: Farmer III J. 2008. —Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History, p 255-271. In Farber J, Forsythe S, Doyle M (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815608.ch10
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Image of Figure 3
Figure 3

Colonies of strain 3594-76 (strain 33 in Farmer et al., ) on trypticase soy agar (48 h, 25°C) showing unique size, shape, and consistency, large-stiff-rubbery colony type A, and smaller, smooth colony type B (CDC Archive, photograph no. NP 78-90).

Citation: Farmer III J. 2008. —Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History, p 255-271. In Farber J, Forsythe S, Doyle M (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815608.ch10
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Image of Figure 4
Figure 4

Flagella stain (simplified Leifson) of the type strain of showing that it grows as small rod-shaped cells with numerous peritrichous flagella (CDC Archive, photograph no. B78-2424).

Citation: Farmer III J. 2008. —Personal Perspectives and Reminiscences from a 32-Year History, p 255-271. In Farber J, Forsythe S, Doyle M (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815608.ch10
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555815608.ch10
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public Health Image Library, http://phil.cdc.gov/phil/home.asp
2. Farmer, J. J., III., 1982. The definition of a bacterial clone for epidemiological analysis: problem associated with different typing methods. National Institutes of Health International Workshop: The Clone Concept in the Epidemiology, Taxonomy and Evolution of the Enterobacteriaceae. Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.
3. Farmer, J. J., III,, M. A. Asbury,, F. W. Hickman,, D. J. Brenner and The Enterobacteriaceae Study Group. 1980a. Enterobacter sakazakii: a new species of “Enterobacteriaceae” isolated from clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 30:569584.
4. Farmer, J. J., III,, D. J. Brenner, and, W. H. Ewing. 1980b. Enterobacteriaceae: judicial action has been proposed which would make it a rejected name and prevent its use in the literature. ASM News 46:275279.
5. Iversen, C.,, M. Waddington,, J. J. Farmer III, and, S. J. Forsythe. 2006. The biochemical differentiation of Enterobacter sakazakii genotypes. BMC Microbiol. 6:94.
6. Jøker, R. N.,, T. Nørholm, and, K. E. Siboni. 1965. A case of neonatal meningitis caused by a yellow Enterobacter. Dan. Med. Bull. 12:128130.
7. Miwatani, T., and, Y. Takeda. 1976. Vibrio parahaemolyticus—a causative bacterium of food poisoning. Saikon Publishing Co., Tokyo, Japan.
8. Muytjens, H. L.,, H. C. Zanen,, H. J. Sonderkamp,, L. A. Kollee,, I. K. Wachsmuth, and, J. J. Farmer III., 1983. Analysis of eight cases of neonatal meningitis and sepsis due to Enterobacter sakazakii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 18:115120.
9. Urmenyi, A. M. C., and, A. White-Franklin. 1961. Neonatal death from pigmented coliform infection. Lancet i:313315.

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