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Chapter 18 : The Biology and Pathogenicity of and

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The Biology and Pathogenicity of and , Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Vibriosis is one of the most prevalent fish diseases caused by bacteria belonging to the genus . Vibriosis caused by has been particularly devastating in the marine culture of salmonid fish. The correlation between serotype and virulence may reflect the ability of the bacterial surface antigens to interact with the host tissues. The ferric-anguibactin receptor FatA is an 86-kDa protein that is essential for anguibactin transport. The FatA amino acid sequence is similar to other receptors involved in iron transport, e.g., FhuA and FepA of , and a TonB box can be identified at its amino-terminal end. causes vibriosis in wild and cultured marine salmonids in the Pacific Northwest of the United States and Japan. The determination and analysis of the complete nucleotide sequence could provide information about the role of pMJ101 in the pathobiology of this fish pathogen. Juvenile salmon exposed to V. ordalii by parenteral challenge developed a systemic infection, and the bacterium was recovered from liver, kidneys, spleen, and blood immediately after the infection. However, the number of bacteria in the liver declined after 1 h and then increased 22 h after infection; bacterial numbers were high in all the organs, and 100% mortality occurred 6 days after infection. The latter observations demonstrate that artificial infection of juvenile salmon is a valid experimental model to study the mechanisms and the bacterial virulence factors involved in the pathogenesis of the infections caused by .

Citation: Crosa J, Actis L, Tolmasky M. 2006. The Biology and Pathogenicity of and , p 251-265. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch18

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DNA Polymerase I
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FIGURE 1

Model of the anguibactin biosynthesis pathway.

Citation: Crosa J, Actis L, Tolmasky M. 2006. The Biology and Pathogenicity of and , p 251-265. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch18
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Nucleotide sequence of the pMJ101 origin of replication. The locations of the predicted Shine-Dalgarno (SD) and —10 and —35 promoter elements are indicated by underlined nucleotides. The bent arrow identifies the main transcription initiation site. Predicted methylation sites (GATC) are indicated in italics, and the conserved 7-bp repeats containing them are shown within the open boxes. The position and orientation of putative DnaA boxes are indicated by the horizontal arrows. The first amino acid of RepM is shown below the last nucleotide triplet.

Citation: Crosa J, Actis L, Tolmasky M. 2006. The Biology and Pathogenicity of and , p 251-265. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch18
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Phenotypic properties used to differentiate from

Citation: Crosa J, Actis L, Tolmasky M. 2006. The Biology and Pathogenicity of and , p 251-265. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch18

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