Chapter 19 : : Pretty Problems in Paradise

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was first described as a species of by Johnson and Shunk. Later studies in classification of luminous bacteria reported three major groups. The first group contains , the second group consists of and , and the third group contains , , and biotype albensis. Luminous vibriosis is the term describing the disease of penaeid prawns caused by luminescent . The use of antibiotics as prophylactic agents to prevent bacterial infection of penaeid larvae has been employed in many shrimp hatcheries. However, the development of antibiotic resistance is one of the major consequences resulting from prophylactic antibiotic use. The use of probiotics is another approach to bacterial control to maintain a beneficial balance of bacteria and other microorganisms in the culture systems. The use of bacteriophage in the control of vibriosis seems very promising. An experiment with bacteriophage from diseased ayu, , provided protection against infection by , a pathogen of ayu. These bacteriophages, representatives of and , reduced the number of bacterial cells in the kidneys of affected ayu and the underlying water environment. A study conducted by Liu et al. highlighted that was shown to produce proteases, phospholipase, hemolysins, or exotoxins that are important for pathogenicity. Liu and Lee also reported that a cysteine protease is the major exotoxin lethal to the tiger prawn, .

Citation: Owens L, Busico-Salcedo N. 2006. : Pretty Problems in Paradise, p 266-280. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch19

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Vibrio parahaemolyticus
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Generic image for table

Morphological, physical, and nutritional characteristics of

Citation: Owens L, Busico-Salcedo N. 2006. : Pretty Problems in Paradise, p 266-280. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch19
Generic image for table

Hosts in which has been implicated as a pathogen and the associated disease

Citation: Owens L, Busico-Salcedo N. 2006. : Pretty Problems in Paradise, p 266-280. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch19

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