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Bacterial pathogenicity is known to be associated with structural components of the cells or active secretions of substances that either damage host tissues or protect the bacteria against host defenses. Recently, pathologists have begun to describe genes in order to understand the regulation of virulence factors. Nevertheless, little is known about marine bacterial pathogens, and until now there has not been any information concerning the group. was defined initially as a luminous marine species with two biotypes distinguishable by phenotypic features. Genotyping by ribotyping, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), or PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism has revealed a remarkably high genetic diversity within this group and suggested its polyphyletic nature. A new concept, the ecotype, has been proposed. This theory is based on the principle of multilocus sequence typing (MLST)-based population genetics. Most -related strains isolated from diseased marine animals and suspected to be the etiological agent of disease have been identified by means of classical phenotypic schemes. The antigenic characteristics of -related strains isolated from diseased turbot or cod have been reported, with authors observing that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and outer membrane protein profiles were correlated with the origin of strain and the virulence in experimental challenge. Bacterial pathogenicity is associated with structural components of the cells or active secretions of substances that either damage host tissues or protect the bacteria against host defenses.

Citation: Le Roux F, Austin B. 2006. , p 285-296. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch21

Key Concept Ranking

Outer Membrane Proteins
Multilocus Sequence Typing
Bacterial Diseases
Type II Topoisomerase
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Image of FIGURE 1

Phylogenetic tree of strains based on partial sequences; 1,064 gap-free sites were compared. Horizontal branch lengths are proportional to evolutionary divergence. Bootstrap values in percent of 1,000 replicates appear next to the corresponding branch when >50%.

Citation: Le Roux F, Austin B. 2006. , p 285-296. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch21
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Image of FIGURE 2

Phylogenetic tree of -related strains based on partial , and sequences; 500 gap-free sites were compared. Other features are as described in the legend to Fig. 1 .

Citation: Le Roux F, Austin B. 2006. , p 285-296. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch21
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Generic image for table

Intraspecific DNA-DNA homology among strains LGP 31 and LGP 32 and type strain belonging to the polyphyletic group

Citation: Le Roux F, Austin B. 2006. , p 285-296. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch21
Generic image for table

-related strains isolated from animals suffering abnormal deaths and demonstrated to be pathogenic by experimental challenge

Citation: Le Roux F, Austin B. 2006. , p 285-296. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch21

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