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Chapter 26 : Miscellaneous Human Pathogens

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Abstract:

Besides three clinically important species in the genus -, , and -nine other species have been isolated from human infections. They include , , , and , which are solely or principally isolated from gastroenteritis cases, and and , which are chiefly associated with wound infections. In addition, , , and are chiefly isolated from extraintestinal infections, but these isolations are less frequent. The nine species are currently considered to be potential human pathogens and are reportable in public health surveys from the marine environment and seafood. The rare isolation of species is partly due to its unique growth and biochemical characteristics. does not grow, or grows very poorly, on selective isolation media for enteric pathogens, including thiosulfate citrate bile salt sucrose (TCBS) agar and MacConkey agar. Two factors in that may play roles in diarrhea have been studied. produces a hemolysin similar to the TDH (thermostable direct hemolysin) of . Extracellular proteins (ECPs) and cell-associated factors have been studied in experimental models to determine if produces a possible diarrheagenic factor(s), with results indicating that culture filtrates of some strains cause diarrhea and mortality in suckling mice. The virulence of other cultures may depend on the production of other virulence factors, the nature of which differs from strain to strain.

Citation: Nishibuchi M. 2006. Miscellaneous Human Pathogens, p 367-381. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch26

Key Concept Ranking

Outer Membrane Proteins
0.46118158
16s rRNA Sequencing
0.40316677
Mobile Genetic Elements
0.40215352
0.46118158
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References

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Tables

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TABLE 1

Reports of infections by potentially pathogenic species

Citation: Nishibuchi M. 2006. Miscellaneous Human Pathogens, p 367-381. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch26
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TABLE 2

Phenotypic characteristics useful for differentiation of human pathogenic species

Citation: Nishibuchi M. 2006. Miscellaneous Human Pathogens, p 367-381. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch26

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