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Chapter 1 : Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States

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Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter describes changes in imports of selected food categories, changes in the imported volume of specific foods, and reasons for the imports of red meats, seafood, fruits, vegetables, and nuts to the United States and identifies differences and similarities among exporting countries with implications for the risk of potential microbiological contamination in the domestic food supply. The description distinguishes among food categories and countries of origin with regard to the growth of food product imports. A description of the general conditions of the economic and social development in exporting countries is included as an indication of risk associated with the introduction of food-borne pathogens into the food supply system. In fruit and vegetable production, especially for fresh consumption, labor costs during harvest represent a major expense to a grower. The chapter presents several general measures developed by international organizations to address selected aspects of economic and social development. The short-term projections regarding vegetable imports were quite accurate in the past, but fruit import predictions were less accurate, especially in the category of fresh and frozen fruit (USDA, 2007). The consumption of selected fresh and processed vegetables, fruits, nuts, and fish was affected by dissemination of research reports linking substances contained in these foods to confirmed or implied health benefits. The intended use of the different indexes in the chapter is to enable the process of designing and enforcing a system for detecting microbial contamination and, under the best-case scenario, preventing contaminated food from reaching the distribution system.

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1

Key Concept Ranking

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
0.8707537
Fruits and Vegetables
0.85166407
Food Safety
0.79241157
Poultry
0.43326673
Spices
0.4307623
Breads
0.42328656
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
0.41786584
0.8707537
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Figures

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Figure 1

Average shares of selected imported foods in total domestic consumption between 1980 and 2005. Based on data from A. Jerardo (personal communication).

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Figure 2

Average shares of selected imported food products in total domestic consumption (1981 to 2004). Based on data from A. Jerardo (personal communication).

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Figure 3

Transparency and economic freedom in countries exporting Atlantic and Chinook salmon and tilapia to the United States in 2006. Source: Transparency Index values obtained from Tranparency International’s 2004 Annual Report (http://www.transparency.org). Economic Freedom Index values are as published by and the Heritage Foundation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_of_Economic_Freedom).

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Figure 4

Transparency and economic freedom of major farmed and wild-shrimp exporters to the United States, 2006. Source: Transparency Index values obtained from Tranparency International’s 2004 Annual Report (http://www.transparency.org). Economic Freedom Index values are as published by and the Heritage Foundation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_of_Economic_Freedom).

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Figure 5

Transparency and economic freedom in countries exporting cashews and chestnuts to the United States, 2006. Source: Transparency Index values obtained from Tranparency International’s 2004 Annual Report (http://www.transparency.org). Economic Freedom Index values are as published by and the Heritage Foundation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_of_Economic_Freedom).

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Tables

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Table 1

Top ten food-exporting countries to the United States in volume and value in 2006

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 2

Growth in imported volume of selected fresh fruits between 2000 and 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 3

Growth in volume of imported of selected fresh vegetables between 2000 and 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 4

Volume of U.S. imports of selected tree nuts from top exporting countries for 1995, 2000, and 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 5

Leading seafood exporters to the United States in 2004

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 6

Growth in weight consumed per person of selected fish and shellfish between 1992 and 2006 and the top ten seafood types by weight, per person, in 2006

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 7

The imported volume of tilapia products to the United States in 2006, by country

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 8

The United States import volume of tuna by country and product in 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 9

United States imports of tuna and skipjack by country of origin in 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 10

United States imports of yellowfin tuna, fresh or chilled, except fillet, liver, or roe, by country of origin in 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 11

United States imports of atlantic salmon, farmed, fresh or chilled, except fillet, liver, or roe, by country of origin in 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 12

United States imports of Atlantic salmon fillets, farmed, fresh, by country of origin in 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 13

Major shrimp exporters to the United States in 2006 and the change in imported volume

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 14

United States imports of scallops, live, fresh or chilled, by country of origin in 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 15

Indexes of hourly compensation costs for production workers in manufacturing in selected countries in 2000 and 2005

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1
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Table 16

Selected development measures for major food exporters to the United States

Citation: Florkowski W. 2008. Status and Projections for Foods Imported into the United States, p 1-43. In Doyle M, Erickson M (ed), Imported Foods. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815745.ch1

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