1887

Chapter 100 : Biotransformations of Manganese

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

Biotransformations of Manganese, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555815882/9781555813796_Chap100-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555815882/9781555813796_Chap100-2.gif

Abstract:

The redox properties of manganese (Mn), make it central to a variety of biological processes and result in significant and often rapid biogeochemical cycling that is mediated by abiotic and biotic oxidation and reduction, biological uptake, and mineral formation. In nature Mn occurs in three different oxidation states, +II, +III, and +IV. Mn(III) and Mn(IV) are found in environmentally prevalent ferromanganese (oxyhydr)oxide minerals, which often occur as layer-type or tunnel-structure minerals. As biotic and abiotic processes both play important roles in the oxidation and reduction of Mn, a major challenge to understanding Mn biotransformations is the differentiation and subsequent quantification of the biotic and abiotic components of the processes. Total manganese concentrations are facilely measured by using the formaldoxime colorimetric technique. In general, two considerations are important for the assays. First, the Mn(II) concentration utilized must not inhibit biological activity. Second, effective abiotic controls must be employed to distinguish biological Mn(II) removal and/or oxidation from the adsorption and autocatalytic oxidation of Mn(II) on Mn oxide surfaces. The assay proceeds with few modifications to the leucoberbelin blue (LBB) and formaldoxime methods and can be scaled to different volumes, Mn concentrations.

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100

Key Concept Ranking

Carbon Dioxide
0.45633265
High-Resolution Electron Microscopy
0.4384691
Freshwater Sediments Bacteria
0.4262894
Mineral Acids
0.4197875
Dissimilatory Metal-Reducing Bacteria
0.41031283
0.45633265
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

Figures

Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

The manganese cycle.

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Untitled
Untitled

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Untitled
Untitled

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Untitled
Untitled

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Untitled
Untitled

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
1. Adams, L. F.,, and W. C. Ghiorse. 1987. Characterization of an extracellular Mn2+-oxidizing activity and isolation of Mn2+-oxidizing protein from Leptothrix discophora SS-1. J. Bacteriol. 169:12791285.
2. Altmann, H. J. 1972. Bestimmung von in Wasser gelostem Sauerstoff mit Leukoberbelinblau. I. Eine schnelle Wink-lermethode. Z. Anal. Chem. 262:9799.
3. Anderson, R. T.,, J. Rooney-Varga,, C. V. Gaw, and, D. R. Lovley. 1998. Anaerobic benzene oxidation in the Fe(III)-reduction zone of petroleum-contaminated aquifers. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:12221229.
4. Anderson, R. T.,, H. A. Vrionis,, I. Ortiz-Bernad,, C. T. Resch,, P. E. Long,, R. Dayvault,, K. Karp,, S. Marutzky,, D. R. Metzler,, A. Peacock,, D. C. White,, M. Lowe, and, D. R. Lovley. 2003. Stimulating the in situ activity of Geobacter species to remove uranium from the groundwater of a uranium-contaminated aquifer. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:58845891.
5. Bargar, J. R.,, B. M. Tebo,, U. Bergmann,, S. M. Webb,, P. Glatzel,, V. Q. Chiu, and, M. Villalobos. 2005. Biotic and abiotic products of Mn(II) oxidation by spores of the marine Bacillus sp. strain SG-1. Am. Mineral. 90:143154.
6. Bargar, J. R.,, B. M. Tebo, and, J. E. Villinski. 2000. In situ characterization of Mn(II) oxidation by spores of the marine Bacillus sp. strain SG-1. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 64:27772780.
7. Boogerd, F. C.,, and J. P. M. de Vrind. 1987. Manganese oxidation by Leptothrix discophora. J. Bacteriol. 169:489494.
8. Bratina, B. J.,, B. S. Stevenson,, W. J. Green, and, T. M. Schmidt. 1998. Manganese reduction by microbes from oxic regions of the Lake Vanda (Antarctica) water column. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:37913797.
9. Brewer, P. G.,, and D. W. Spencer. 1971. Colorimetric determination of manganese in anoxic waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 16:107112.
10. Brock, T. D. 1978. The poisoned control in biogeochemical investigations, p. 717–725. In W. E. Krumbein (ed.), Environmental Biogeochemistry and Geomicrobiology, vol. 3. Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Mich.
11. Bromfield, S. M. 1974. Bacterial oxidation of manganous ions as affected by organic substrate concentration and composition. Soil Biol. Biochem. 11:383392.
12. Bromfield, S. M.,, and D. J. David. 1976. Sorption and oxidation of manganous ions and reduction of manganese oxide by cell suspensions of a manganese oxidizing bacterium. Soil Biol. Biochem. 8:3743.
13. Brouwers, G.-J.,, P. L. A. M. Corstjens,, J. P. M. de Vrind,, A. Verkamman,, M. de Kuyper, and, E. W. de Vrind-de Jong. 2000. Stimulation of Mn2+ oxidation in Leptothrix discophora SS-1 by Cu2+ and sequence analysis of the region flanking the gene encoding putative multicopper oxidase MofA. Geomicrobiol. J. 17:2533.
14. Brouwers, G.-J.,, J. P. M. de Vrind,, P. L. A. M. Corstjens,, P. Cornelis,, C. Baysse, and, E. W. de Vrind-de Jong. 1999. cumA, a gene encoding a multicopper oxidase, is involved in Mn2+ oxidation in Pseudomonas putida GB-1. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:17621768.
15. Brouwers, G.-J.,, E. Vijgenboom,, P. L. A. M. Corstjens,, J. P. M. de Vrind, and, E. W. de Vrind-de Jong. 2000. Bacterial Mn2+ oxidizing systems and multicopper oxidases: an overview of mechanisms and functions. Geomicrobiol. J. 17:124.
16. Burdige, D. J. 1983. The biogeochemistry of manganese redox reactions: rates and mechanisms. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, San Diego, La Jolla.
17. Burdige, D. J.,, S. P. Dhakar, and, K. H. Nealson. 1992. Effects of manganese oxide mineralogy on microbial and chemical manganese reduction. Geomicrobiol. J. 10:2748.
18. Burdige, D. J.,, and K. H. Nealson. 1986. Chemical and microbiological studies of sulfide-mediated manganese reduction. Geomicrobiol. J. 4:361387.
19. Burdige, D. J.,, and K. H. Nealson. 1985. Microbial manganese reduction by enrichment cultures from coastal marine sediments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50:491497.
20. Campbell, A. C.,, J. M. Gieskes,, J. E. Lupton, and, P. F. Lonsdale. 1988. Manganese geochemistry in the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52:345357.
21. Canfield, D. E.,, B. B. Jorgensen,, H. Fossing,, R. Glud,, J. Gundersen,, N. B. Ramsing,, B. Thamdrup,, J. W. Hansen,, L. P. Nielsen, and, P. O. J. Hall. 1993. Pathways of organic carbon oxidation in three continental margin sediments. Mar. Geol. 113:2740.
22. Canfield, D. E.,, B. Thamdrup, and, J. W. Hansen. 1993. The anaerobic degradation of organic matter in Danish coastal sediments: iron reduction, manganese reduction, and sulfate reduction. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57:38673885.
23. Caspi, R.,, B. M. Tebo, and, M. G. Haygood. 1998. c-Type cytochromes and manganese oxidation in Pseudomonas putida MnB1. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:35493555.
24. Chapnick, S.,, W. S. Moore, and, K. H. Nealson. 1982. Microbially mediated manganese oxidation in a freshwater lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 17:10041014.
25. Coates, J. D.,, D. J. Ellis,, E. L. Blunt-Harris,, C. V. Gaw,, E. E. Roden, and, D. R. Lovley. 1998. Recovery of humic-reducing bacteria from a diversity of environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:15041509.
26. Coates, J. D.,, D. J. Lonergan,, H. Jenter, and, D. R. Lovley. 1996. Isolation of Geobacter species from diverse sedimentary environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:15311536.
27. Corstjens, P. L. A. M.,, J. P. M. de Vrind,, T. Goosen, and, E. W. de Vrind-de Jong. 1997. Identification and molecular analysis of the Leptothrix discophora SS-1 mofA gene, a gene putatively encoding a manganese-oxidizing protein with copper domains. Geomicrobiol. J. 14:91108.
28. Cowen, J. P.,, M. A. Bertram,, E. T. Baker,, G. J. Massoth,, R. A. Feely, and, M. Summit. 1998. Geomicrobial transformation of manganese in Gorda Ridge event plumes. Deep-Sea Res. II 45:27132738.
29. Cowen, J. P.,, and K. W. Bruland. 1985. Metal deposits associated with bacteria: implications for Fe and Mn marine biogeochemistry. Deep-Sea Res. 32:253272.
30. Cowen, J. P.,, and Y. H. Li. 1991. The influence of a changing bacterial community on trace metal scavenging in a deep-sea particle plume. J. Mar. Res. 49:517542.
31. Cowen, J. P.,, G. J. Massoth, and, E. T. Baker. 1986. Bacterial scavenging of Mn and Fe in a mid- to far-field hydrothermal particle plume. Nature 322:169171.
32. Cowen, J. P.,, G. J. Massoth, and, R. A. Feely. 1990. Scavenging rates of dissolved manganese in a hydrothermal vent plume. Deep-Sea Res. 37:16191637.
33. Cowen, J. P.,, and M. W. Silver. 1984. The association of iron and manganese with bacteria on marine macroparticulate material. Science 224:13401342.
34. Crerar, D. A.,, A. G. Fischer, and, C. L. Plaza. 1980. Metallogenium and biogenic deposition of manganese from precambrian to recent time, p. 285–303. In I. M. Varentsov and, G. Grasselly (ed.), Geology and Geochemistry of Manganese, vol. III. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhand-lung, Stuttgart, Germany.
35. Croal, L. R.,, J. A. Gralnick,, D. Malasarn, and, D. K. Newman. 2004. The genetics of geochemistry. Annu. Rev. Genet. 38:175202.
36. Crowley, J. D.,, D. A. Traynor, and, D. C. Weatherburn. 2000. Enzymes and proteins containing manganese: an overview, p. 209–278. In A. Sigel and, H. Sigel (ed.), Metal Ions in Biological Systems, vol. 37. Manganese and Its Role in Biological Processes. Marcel Dekker, New York, N.Y.
37. de Vrind, J.,, A. de Groot,, G. J. Brouwers,, J. Tommassen, and, E. de Vrind-de Jong. 2003. Identification of a novel Gsp-related pathway required for secretion of the manganese-oxidizing factor of Pseudomonas putida strain GB-1. Mol. Microbiol. 47:9931006.
38. de Vrind, J. P.,, G. J. Brouwers,, P. L. A. M. Corstjens,, J. Den Dulk, and, E. W. De Vrind-De Jong. 1998. The cytochrome c maturation operon is involved in manganese oxidation in Pseudomonas putida GB-1. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:35563562.
39. Emerson, D.,, R. E. Garen, and, W. C. Ghiorse. 1989. Formation of Metallogenium-like structures by a manganese-oxidizing fungus. Arch. Microbiol. 151:223231.
40. Emerson, S.,, S. Kalhorn,, L. Jacobs,, B. M. Tebo,, K. H. Nealson, and, R. A. Rosson. 1982. Environmental oxidation rate of manganese(II): bacterial catalysis. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 46:10731079.
41. Fendorf, S. E.,, M. Fendorf,, D. L. Sparks, and, R. Gronsky. 1992. Inhibitory mechanisms of Cr(III) oxidation by delta-MnO2. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 153:3754.
42. Fendorf, S. E.,, and R. J. Zasoski. 1992. Chromium(III) oxidation by delta-MnO2. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:7985.
43. Francis, C. A.,, K. L. Casciotti, and, B. M. Tebo. 2002. Localization of Mn(II)-oxidizing activity and the putative multicopper oxidase, MnxG, to the exosporium of the marine Bacillus sp. strain SG-1. Arch. Microbiol. 178:450456.
44. Francis, C. A.,, E.-M. Co, and, B. M. Tebo. 2001. Enzymatic manganese(II) oxidation by a marine α-proteobacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:40244029.
45. Francis, C. A.,, and B. M. Tebo. 2001. Diversity of cumA multicopper oxidase genes from Mn(II)-oxidizing and non-Mn(II)-oxidizing Pseudomonas strains. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67:42724278.
46. Francis, C. A.,, and B. M. Tebo. 2002. Enzymatic manganese(II) oxidation by metabolically dormant spores of diverse Bacillus species. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:874880.
47. Friedl, G.,, B. Wehrli, and, A. Manceau. 1997. Solid phases in the cycling of manganese in eutrophic lakes: new insights from EXAFS spectroscopy. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 61:275290.
48. Fuller, C. C.,, and J. W. Harvey. 2000. Reactive uptake of trace metals in the hyporheic zone of a mining-contaminated stream, Pinal Creek, Arizona. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34:11501155.
49. Gebers, R. 1981. Enrichment, isolation, and emended description of Pedomicrobium ferrugineum Aristovskaya and Pedomicrobium manganicum Aristovskaya. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31:302316.
50. Ghiorse, W. C. 1994. Iron and manganese oxidation and reduction, p. 1079–1096. In R. W. Weaver,, S. Angle, and, P. Bottomley (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, part 2. Microbiological and Biochemical Properties. SSSA Book Series, no. 5. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wis.
51. Ghiorse, W. C.,, and S. D. Chapnick. 1983. Metal-depositing bacteria and the distribution of manganese and iron in swamp waters. Ecol. Bull. 35:367376.
52. Harvey, J. W.,, and C. C. Fuller. 1998. Effect of enhanced manganese oxidation in the hyporheic zone on basin-scale geochemical mass balance. Water Resour. Res. 34:623636.
53. Hastings, D.,, and S. Emerson. 1986. Oxidation of manganese by spores of a marine Bacillus: kinetic and thermodynamic considerations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 50:18191824.
54. Hirsch, P. 1974. Budding bacteria. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 28:391444.
55. Holmes, D. E.,, K. T. Finneran,, R. A. O’Neil, and, D. R. Lovley. 2002. Enrichment of members of the family Geobacteraceae associated with stimulation of dissimilatory metal reduction in uranium-contaminated aquifer sediments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:23002306.
56. Huang, P. M. 1991. Kinetics of redox reactions on manganese oxides and its impact on environmental quality, p. 191–230. In D. L. Sparks and, D. L. Suarez (ed.), Rates of Soil Chemical Processes. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wis.
57. Kalhorn, S.,, and S. Emerson. 1984. The oxidation state of manganese in surface sediments of the Pacific Ocean. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 48:897902.
58. Kay, J. T.,, M. H. Conklin,, C. C. Fuller, and, P. A. O’Day. 2001. Processes of nickel and cobalt uptake by a manganese oxide forming sediment in Pinal Creek, Globe Mining District, Arizona. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35:47194725.
59. Kepkay, P.,, and K. H. Nealson. 1987. Growth of a manganese oxidizing Pseudomonas sp. in continuous culture. Arch. Microbiol. 148:6367.
60. Kepkay, P. E.,, D. J. Burdige, and, K. H. Nealson. 1984. Kinetics of bacterial manganese binding and oxidation in the chemostat. Geomicrobiol. J. 3:245262.
61. Kessick, M. A.,, J. Vuceta, and, J. J. Morgan. 1972. Spectrophotometric determination of oxidized manganese with leuco crystal violet. Environ. Sci. Technol. 6:642644.
62. Klewicki, J. K.,, and J. J. Morgan. 1999. Dissolution of β-MnOOH particles by ligands: pyrophosphate, ethylenediaminetetraacetate, and citrate. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 63:30173024.
63. Klewicki, J. K.,, and J. J. Morgan. 1998. Kinetic behavior of Mn(III) complexes of pyrophosphate, EDTA, and citrate. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:29162922.
64. Kostka, J. E.,, G. W. Luther III, and, K. H. Nealson. 1995. Chemical and biological reduction of Mn(III)-pyrophosphate complexes: potential importance of dissolved Mn(III) as an environmental oxidant. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 59:885894.
65. Krumbein, W. E.,, and H. J. Altmann. 1973. A new method for the detection and enumeration of manganese oxidizing and reducing microorganisms. Helgol. Wiss. Meeresunters. 25:347356.
66. Lanson, B.,, V. A. Drits,, E. Silvester, and, A. Manceau. 2000. Structure of H-exchanged hexagonal birnessite and its mechanism of formation from Na-rich monoclinic buserite at low pH. Am. Mineral. 85:826838.
67. Lovley, D. R. 1991. Dissimilatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction. Microbiol. Rev. 55:259287.
68. Lovley, D. R. 2 November 2001, posting date. Dissimila-tory Fe(III)- and Mn(IV)-reducing prokaryotes. In M. Dworkin,, S. Falkow,, E. Rosenberg,, K.-H. Scheifer, and, E. Stackebrandt (ed.), The Prokaryotes, vol. 2. Ecophysiology and Biochemistry, 3rd ed., release 3.7. Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y.
69. Lovley, D. R.,, D. E. Holmes, and, K. P. Nevin. 2004. Dissimilatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction. Adv. Microb. Physiol. 49:219286.
70. Luther, G. W., III,, D. T. Ruppel, and, C. Burkhard. 1998. Reactivity of dissolved Mn(III) complexes and Mn(IV) species with reductants: Mn redox chemistry without a dissolution step, p. 265–280. In D. L. Sparks and, T. J. Grundl (ed.), ACS Symposium Series, vol. 715. Mineral-Water Interfacial Reactions: Kinetics and Mechanisms. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.
71. Maki, J. S.,, B. M. Tebo,, F. E. Palmer,, K. H. Nealson, and, J. T. Staley. 1987. The abundance and biological activity of manganese-oxidizing bacteria and Metallogenium-like morphotypes in Lake Washington, USA. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 45:2129.
72. Manceau, A.,, and L. Charlet. 1992. X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the sorption of Cr(III) at the oxide-water interface. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 148:425442.
73. Mandernack, K. W.,, and B. M. Tebo. 1993. Manganese scavenging and oxidation at hydrothermal vents and in vent plumes. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 57:39073923.
74. Marble, J. C. 1998. Biotic contribution of Mn(II) removal at Pinal Creek, Arizona. M.S. thesis. University of Arizona, Tucson.
75. Marble, J. C.,, T. L. Corley,, M. H. Conklin, and, C. C. Fuller. 1999. Environmental factors affecting oxidation of manganese in Pinal Creek, Arizona, p. 173–183. In D. W. Morganwalp and, H. T. Buxton (ed.), U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program—Proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Charleston, South Carolina, March 8–12, 1999, vol. 1. Contamination from Hardrock Mining: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 99-4018A. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.
76. Marcus, M. A.,, A. Manceau, and, M. Kersten. 2004. Mn, Fe, Zn, and As speciation in a fast-growing ferromanganese marine nodule. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68:31253136.
77. McKeown, D. A.,, and J. E. Post. 2001. Characterization of manganese oxide mineralogy in rock varnish and dendrites using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Am. Mineral. 86:701703.
78. Miyajima, T. 1992. Biological manganese oxidation in a lake. I. Occurrence and distribution of Metallogenium sp. and its kinetic properties. Arch. Hydrobiol. 124:317335.
79. Morgan, J. J. 2000. Manganese in natural waters and earth’s crust: its availability to organisms, p. 1–33. In A. Sigel and, H. Sigel (ed.), Metal Ions in Biological Systems, vol. 37. Manganese and Its Role in Biological Processes. Marcel Dekker, New York, N.Y.
80. Mulder, E. G. 1964. Iron bacteria, particularly those of the Sphaerotilis-Leptothrix group, and industrial problems. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 27:151173.
81. Murray, J. W.,, L. S. Balistrieri, and, B. Paul. 1984. The oxidation state of manganese in marine sediments and ferromanganese nodules. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 48:12371247.
82. Myers, C. R.,, and K. H. Nealson. 1988. Bacterial manganese reduction and growth with manganese oxide as the sole electron acceptor. Science 240:13191321.
83. Nealson, K. H. 1983. The microbial manganese cycle, p. 191–221. In W. E. Krumbein (ed.), Microbial Geochemistry. Blackwell Scientific, Boston, Mass.
84. Nealson, K. H.,, and D. Saffarini. 1994. Iron and manganese in anerobic respiration: environmental significance, physiology, and regulation. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 48:311343.
85. Nealson, K. H.,, and J. Scott. 2003. Ecophysiology of the genus Shewanella. In M. Dworkin (ed.), The Prokaryotes: an Evolving Electronic Resource for the Microbiological Community, 3rd ed., release 3.14. Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y.
86. Nealson, K. H.,, B. M. Tebo, and, R. A. Rosson. 1988. Occurrence and mechanisms of microbial oxidation of manganese. Adv. Appl. Microbiol. 33:279318.
87. Nelson, Y. M.,, L. W. Lion,, W. C. Ghiorse, and, M. L. Shuler. 1999. Production of biogenic Mn oxides by Leptothrix discophora SS-1 in a chemically defined growth medium and evaluation of their Pb adsorption characteristics. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:175180.
88. Nicholson, K.,, and M. Eley. 1997. Geochemistry of manganese oxides: metal adsorption in freshwater and marine environments, p. 309–326. In K. Nicholson,, J. R. Hein,, B. Bühn, and, S. Dasgupta (ed.), Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Terrestrial and Marine Deposits, vol. 119. Manganese Mineralization. The Geological Society, London, United Kingdom.
89. Nico, P. S.,, and R. J. Zasoski. 2000. Importance of Mn(III) availability on the rate of Cr(III) oxidation on delta-MnO2. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:33633367.
90. Okazaki, M.,, T. Sugita,, M. Shimizu,, Y. Ohode,, K. Iwamoto,, E. W. de Vrind-de Jong,, J. P. M. de Vrind, and, P. L. A. M. Corstjens. 1997. Partial purification and characterization of manganese-oxidizing factors of Pseudomonas fluorescens GB-1. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:47934799.
91. Pak, K. R.,, O. Y. Lim,, H. K. Lee, and, S. C. Choi. 2002. Aerobic reduction of manganese oxide by Salmonella sp. strain MR4. Biotechnol. Lett. 24:11811184.
92. Parker, D. L.,, G. Sposito, and, B. M. Tebo. 2004. Manganese(III) binding to a pyoverdine siderophore produced by a manganese(II)-oxidizing bacterium. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68:48094820.
93. Post, J. E. 1999. Manganese oxide minerals: crystal structures and economic and environmental significance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:34473454.
94. Rooney-Varga, N. J.,, R. T. Anderson,, J. L. Fraga,, D. Ringelberg, and, D. R. Lovley. 1999. Microbial communities associated with anaerobic benzene mineralization in a petroleum-contaminated aquifer. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:30563063.
95. Rosson, R. A.,, and K. H. Nealson. 1982. Manganese binding and oxidation by spores of a marine bacillus. J. Bacteriol. 151:10271034.
96. Rosson, R. A.,, B. M. Tebo, and, K. H. Nealson. 1984. Use of poisons in the determination of microbial manganese binding rates in seawater. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 47:740745.
97. Schippers, A.,, L. N. Neretin,, G. Lavik,, T. Leipe, and, F. Pollehne. 2005. Manganese(II) oxidation driven by lateral oxygen intrusions in the western Black Sea. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 69:22412252.
98. Scott, M. J.,, H. H. Zhang,, S. C. Lee,, B. Hedman,, K. O. Hodgson, and, R. H. Holm. 1995. Oxygen-bridged iron-copper assemblies pertinent to heme-copper oxidases—synthesis and structure of an [Fe-III-(Oh)-Cu-II] bridge and Exafs multiple-scattering effects of linear oxo and nonlinear hydroxo bridges. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117:568569.
99. Shiller, A. M.,, and T. H. Stephens. 2005. Microbial manganese oxidation in the lower Mississippi River: methods and evidence. Geomicrobiol. J. 22:117125.
100. Siering, P. L.,, and W. C. Ghiorse. 1997. Development and application of 16S rRNA-targeted probes for detection of iron- and manganese-oxidizing sheathed bacteria in environmental samples. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:644651.
101. Siering, P. L.,, and W. C. Ghiorse. 1997. PCR detection of a putative manganese oxidation gene (mofA) in environmental samples and assessment of mofA homology among diverse manganese-oxidizing bacteria. Geomicrobiol. J. 14:109125.
102. Sly, L. I.,, V. Arunpairojana, and, D. R. Dixon. 1990. Binding of colloidal MnO2 by extracellular polysaccha-rides of Pedomicrobium manganicum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:27912794.
103. Snoeyenbos-West, O. L.,, K. P. Nevin, and, D. R. Lovley. 2000. Stimulation of dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction results in a predominance of Geobacter species in a variety of sandy aquifers. Microb. Ecol. 39:153167.
104. Stein, J. L.,, M. Haygood, and, H. Felbeck. 1990. Nucleotide sequence and expression of a deep-sea ribu-lose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase gene cloned from a chemoautotrophic bacterial endosymbiont. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:88508854.
105. Stone, A. T. 1983. The reduction and dissolution of Mn(III) and Mn(IV) oxides by organics. Ph.D. dissertation. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena.
106. Stone, A. T.,, and J. J. Morgan. 1984. Reduction and dissolution of manganese(III) and manganese(IV) oxides by organics. 1. Reaction with hydroquinone. Environ. Sci. Technol. 18:450456.
107. Stone, A. T.,, and J. J. Morgan. 1984. Reduction and dissolution of manganese(III) and manganese(IV) oxides by organics. 2. Survey of the reactivity of organics. Environ. Sci. Technol. 18:617624.
108. Stumm, W.,, and J. J. Morgan. 1996. Aquatic Chemistry: Chemical Equilibria and Rates in Natural Waters, 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y.
109. Sunda, W. G.,, and S. A. Huntsman. 1987. Microbial oxidation of manganese in a North Carolina estuary. Limnol. Oceanogr. 32:552564.
110. Sunda, W. G.,, and D. J. Kieber. 1994. Oxidation of humic substances by manganese oxides yields low-molecular-weight organic substrates. Nature 367:6264.
111. Tebo, B. M. 1983. The ecology and ultrastructure of marine manganese oxidizing bacteria. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, San Diego.
112. Tebo, B. M. 1991. Manganese(II) oxidation in the suboxic zone of the Black Sea. Deep-Sea Res. 38:S883S905.
113. Tebo, B. M.,, J. R. Bargar,, B. Clement,, G. Dick,, K. J. Murray,, D. Parker,, R. Verity, and, S. M. Webb. 2004. Biogenic manganese oxides: properties and mechanisms of formation. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 32:287328.
114. Tebo, B. M.,, and S. Emerson. 1985. The effect of oxygen tension, Mn(II) concentration and temperature on the microbially catalyzed Mn(II) oxidation rate in a marine fjord. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50:12681273.
115. Tebo, B. M.,, and S. Emerson. 1986. Microbial manganese(II) oxidation in the marine environment: a quantitative study. Biogeochemistry 2:149161.
116. Tebo, B. M.,, W. C. Ghiorse,, L. G. van Waasbergen,, P. L. Siering, and, R. Caspi. 1997. Bacterially-mediated mineral formation: insights into manganese(II) oxidation from molecular genetic and biochemical studies, p. 225–266. In J. F. Banfield and, K. H. Nealson (ed.), Geomicrobiology: Interactions between Microbes and Minerals, vol. 35. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, D.C.
117. Tebo, B. M.,, H. A. Johnson,, J. K. McCarthy, and, A. S. Templeton. 2005. Geomicrobiology of manganese(II) oxidation. Trends Microbiol. 13:421428.
118. Tebo, B. M.,, K. H. Nealson,, S. Emerson, and, L. Jacobs. 1984. Microbial mediation of Mn(II) and Co(II) precipitation at the O2/H2S interfaces in two anoxic fjords. Limnol. Oceanogr. 29:12471258.
119. Tebo, B. M.,, R. A. Rosson, and, K. H. Nealson. 1991. Potential for manganese(II) oxidation and manganese(IV) reduction to co-occur in the anoxic non-sulfidic zone of the Black Sea, p. 173–185. In E. Izdar and, J. W. Murray (ed.), Black Sea Oceanography. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
120. Tipping, E. 1984. Temperature dependence of Mn(II) oxidation in lakewaters: a test of biological involvement. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 48:13531356.
121. Tipping, E.,, D. W. Thompson, and, W. Davison. 1984. Oxidation products of Mn(II) in lakewaters. Chem. Geol. 44:359383.
122. Trouwborst, R. E.,, B. G. Clement,, B. M. Tebo,, B. T. Glazer, and, I. G. W. Luther. 2006. Soluble Mn(III) in suboxic zones. Science 313:19551957.
123. Uren, N. C.,, and G. W. Leeper. 1978. Microbial oxidation of divalent manganese. Soil Biol. Biochem. 10:8587.
124. van Cappellen, P.,, E. Viollier,, A. Roychoudhury,, C. Lauren,, I. Ellery,, K. Lowe, and, T. Dichristina. 1998. Biogeochemical cycles of manganese and iron at the oxicanoxic transition of a stratified marine basin (Orca Basin, Gulf of Mexico). Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:29312939.
125. van Waasbergen, L. G.,, M. Hildebrand, and, B. M. Tebo. 1996. Identification and characterization of a gene cluster involved in manganese oxidation by spores of the marine Bacillus sp. strain SG-1. J. Bacteriol. 178:35173530.
126. van Waasbergen, L. G.,, J. A. Hoch, and, B. M. Tebo. 1993. Genetic analysis of the marine manganese-oxidizing Bacillus sp. strain SG-1: protoplast transformation, Tn917 mutagenesis, and identification of chromosomal loci involved in manganese oxidation. J. Bacteriol. 175:75947603.
127. Villalobos, M.,, B. Toner,, J. Bargar, and, G. Sposito. 2003. Characterization of the manganese oxide produced by Pseudomonas putida strain MnB1. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67:26492662.
128. Webb, S. M.,, G. J. Dick,, J. R. Bargar, and, B. M. Tebo. 2005. Evidence for the presence of Mn(III) intermediates in the bacterial oxidation of Mn(II). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:55585563.
129. Wehrli, B. 1990. Redox reactions of metal ions at mineral surfaces, p. 311–336. In W. Stumm (ed.), Aquatic Chemical Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y.
130. Wehrli, B.,, G. Friedl, and, A. Manceau. 1995. Reaction rates and products of manganese oxidation at the sediment-water interface, p. 111–134. In C. P. Huang,, C. R. O’Melia, and, J. J. Morgan (ed.), Aquatic Chemistry: Interfacial and Interspecies Processes. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.
131. Widdel, F.,, and F. Bak. 1992. Gram-negative mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria, p. 3352–3378. In A. Balows,, H. G. Trüper,, M. Dworkin,, W. Harder, and, K.-H. Schleifer (ed.), The Prokaryotes, vol. 4. Springer, Berlin, Germany.

Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

J medium (minimal medium; basal medium for single carbon sources)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

M medium (low nutrient medium)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

medium (Lept)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 4

Minimal mineral salts medium (MMS) (defined medium for )

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 5

K medium (rich medium)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 6

PYG medium (for soil and freshwater sediment bacteria)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 7

standard medium (PSM)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 8

Artificial seawater (ASW, 2×)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 9

Vitamin mix for J medium

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 10

Vitamin mix for PSM

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 11

Trace elements solution for Lept medium

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 12

Mineral salt base for PSM

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 13

Freshwater medium

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 14

Marine medium

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 15

Federation medium

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 16

Mineral stock for marine medium (50×)

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 17

Salt stock for marine medium

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 18

Vitamin solution

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 19

Mineral solution

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100
Generic image for table
TABLE 20

Amino acid stock

Citation: Tebo B, Clement B, Dick G. 2007. Biotransformations of Manganese, p 1223-1238. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch100

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error