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Chapter 18 : Overview of Water Microbiology as It Relates to Public Health

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Abstract:

One of the most important aspects of water microbiology, from a human perspective, is the fact that we acquire numerous diseases from microorganisms found in water. The reservoirs for pathogenic microorganisms found in environmental waters can be humans, animals, or the environment itself, as summarized in this chapter. However, it commonly is presumed that many of those microorganisms that infect humans and are found in our aquatic resources originate from human sources. This anthropogenic contamination can occur during either defecation in water or recreational activities conducted in water. In addition, domestic wastewater is of particular importance as a contributor of the pathogenic contaminants found in aquatic environments; the attendant public health concerns have resulted in the development of methods for studying and reducing the levels of pathogens in wastewater. The treatment of wastewater also is intended to reduce the contamination of crops that may occur when wastewater is eventually discharged onto land surfaces. The goal of this chapter to represent and summarize the current knowledge on public health aspects of water microbiology.

Citation: Hurst C. 2007. Overview of Water Microbiology as It Relates to Public Health, p 219-221. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch18

Key Concept Ranking

Environmental Microbiology
0.68007666
Surface Water
0.6213105
Typhoid Fever
0.54014206
Infectious Diseases
0.5018341
Animal Reservoir
0.46853703
Wastewater Treatment
0.4049239
0.68007666
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Figures

Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

Water-related environmental routes by which infectious agents are transmitted to susceptible individuals. The animals symbolically represented are cows as a source of the microorganism that causes cryptosporidiosis and rodents as a source of those microorganisms that cause giardiasis and campylobacteriosis ( ).

Citation: Hurst C. 2007. Overview of Water Microbiology as It Relates to Public Health, p 219-221. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch18
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References

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Tables

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TABLE 1

Examples of infectious disease hazards associated with water

Citation: Hurst C. 2007. Overview of Water Microbiology as It Relates to Public Health, p 219-221. In Hurst C, Crawford R, Garland J, Lipson D, Mills A, Stetzenbach L (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815882.ch18

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