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Chapter 32 : Special Considerations for Agriculture Pathogen Biosafety

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Special Considerations for Agriculture Pathogen Biosafety, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter describes the facility requirements and work practices of biosafety level 3 agriculture (BSL-3 Ag). This BSL, unique to agriculture, was developed to protect the environment from economic, high-risk pathogens in situations where studies employ large animals or other situations where facility barriers, which normally serve as secondary barriers, must serve as primary containment. In agriculture, special biocontainment features are required for certain types of research involving high-consequence livestock pathogens, in animal species or other research where the room provides primary containment. The descriptions and requirements for BSL-3 Ag studies are based on the use of high-risk organisms in animal systems or other types of agriculture research where the facility barriers, usually considered secondary barriers, now act as primary barriers. There are circumstances where certain agents, typically handled at BSL-3 Ag for work with agricultural animals, may be studied in an enhanced BSL-3 laboratory or enhanced ABSL-3 for work with small animals for which primary containment devices can be utilized. Filter testing is intended to be completed in a manner consistent with industry standards for certification of HEPA filters in biological safety cabinets (BSCs). An alternate procedure may be used as outlined in the USDA-ARS Facility Design Standards (USDA-ARS, 2002).

Citation: Heckert R, Kozlovac J. 2006. Special Considerations for Agriculture Pathogen Biosafety, p 579-586. In Fleming D, Hunt D (ed), Biological Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815899.ch32

Key Concept Ranking

Air
0.44629282
Heat Treatment
0.41196245
Water
0.40624085
Risk Assessment
0.40624076
Risk Management
0.40051904
0.44629282
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References

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1. American Architectural Manufacturers Association. AAMA 501.1-94, Standard Test Method for Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls and Doors for Water Penetration Using Dynamic Pressure. American Architectural Manufacturers Association, Philadelphia, Pa. 1994. For this reference, visit the ASTM website, http://www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org.
2. American Society for Testing Materials. 1996. ASTM E331-00, Standard Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference, p. 51–54. In Book of Standards, vol. 04.11. For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, http://www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm. org.
3. American Society for Testing Materials. 2000. ASTM E283-91(1999), Standard Test Method for Determining the Rate of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under Specified Pressure Differences Across the Specimen. In Book of Standards, vol. 04.11. For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, http://www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org.
4. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 1989. N510-1989, Testing of Nuclear Air Treatment Systems, P. 1–19.
5. Barbeito, M. S., G. Bosenge,, M. Best,, p. Bosenge,, p. Langevin,, W. G. Sterritt,, D. Bosenge,, W. Meulepas,, J. M. Sanchez-Vizcaino,, M. Bosenge, et al. 1995. Recommended biocontainment features for research and diagnostic facilities where animal pathogens are used. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epizoot. 14:873887.
6. Best, M. 1996. Containment Standards for Veterinary Facilities. Animal and Plant Health Directorate, Nepean, Canada.
7. NSF International. 2002. NSF/ANSI Standard No. 49-2002: Class II (Laminar Flow) Biosafety Cabinetry. NSF International standard/American national standard. NSF International, Ann Arbor, Mich.
8. Rusk, J. S. 2000. Biosafety classification of livestock and poultry animal pathogens, p. 13–22. In C. Brown and C. Bolin (ed.), Emerging Diseases of Animals. ASM Press, Washington, D.C.
9. Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors’ National Association. 1985. HVAC Air Duct Leakage Test Manual. Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association, Chantilly, Va.
10. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2002. ARS Facilities Design Standards. Manual 242. 1M-ARS. [Online.] http://www.afm.ars.usda.gov/ppweb/242-01m.htm.
11. U.S. Department of Commerce. Export administration regulations/commerce control list—listed biological agents and toxins. 15 CFR 774, Suppl. 1 (IC 351, IC 352, IC 353, IC 354).

Tables

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TABLE A1

Pathogens of veterinary significance

Citation: Heckert R, Kozlovac J. 2006. Special Considerations for Agriculture Pathogen Biosafety, p 579-586. In Fleming D, Hunt D (ed), Biological Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815899.ch32

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