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Chapter 86 : Hantavirus Infections

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Abstract:

The genus is composed of plus-strand RNA viruses within the family . The genus is named for the prototypical virus species, Hantaan virus (HTNV). The disease caused by Hantaan virus, now called hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), came to the attention of western medicine during the Korean war, when soldiers presented with symptoms of fever, hemorrhage, hypotension, and renal failure. Several viruses were isolated that were serologically distinct from HTNV but grouped with Seoul virus. In the early 1980s, the prototypical indigenous North American hantavirus, Prospect Hill virus (PHV), was isolated from the lung tissue of a vole, . The nucleotide sequence of the amplimer obtained from the lung tissue of a deer mouse captured at a case-patient’s residence was nearly identical to that of the amplimer obtained from the tissues of the patient obtained at necropsy, lending further support to the hypothesis that the patient had contracted the virus from a deer mouse. The existence of a second open reading frame is useful diagnostically because its consistent presence in Sin Nombre virus (SNV) imposes an additional constraint on sequence variability in that part of the genome.

Citation: Hjelle B, Young S. 2006. Hantavirus Infections, p 766-773. In Detrick B, Hamilton R, Folds J (ed), Manual of Molecular and Clinical Laboratory Immunology, 7th Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815905.ch86

Key Concept Ranking

Sin nombre virus
0.54191214
Hemorrhagic Fever With Renal Syndrome
0.4582634
0.54191214
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References

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Tables

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TABLE 1

Pathogenic New World hantaviruses and their suspected rodent hosts

Citation: Hjelle B, Young S. 2006. Hantavirus Infections, p 766-773. In Detrick B, Hamilton R, Folds J (ed), Manual of Molecular and Clinical Laboratory Immunology, 7th Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815905.ch86

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