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Chapter 2 : Parasite Classification and Relevant Body Sites

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Parasite Classification and Relevant Body Sites, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Although common names are often used to describe parasites and parasitic infections, these names may refer to different parasites in different parts of the world. To eliminate these problems, a binomial system of nomenclature is used in which the scientific name consists of the genus and species. Based on life cycles and organism morphology, classification systems have been developed to indicate the relationship among the various parasite species. Closely related species are placed in the same genus, related genera are placed in the same family, related families are placed in the same order, related orders are placed in the same class, and related classes are placed in the same phylum, one of the major categories in the animal kingdom. Parasites of humans are classified into six major divisions. These include the Protozoa (amebae, flagellates, ciliates, sporozoans, coccidia, and microsporidia), the Nematoda or roundworms, the Platyhelminthes or flatworms (cestodes, trematodes), the Pentastomids or tongue worms, the Acanthocephala or thorny-headed worms, and the Arthropoda (insects, spiders, mites, ticks). This section talks about parasite classification and relevant body sites such as intestine, blood, tissue, liver and lungs.

Citation: Garcia L. 2009. Parasite Classification and Relevant Body Sites, p 17-31. In Practical Guide to Diagnostic Parasitology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815967.ch2

Key Concept Ranking

Parasite Classification
0.6142567
Central Nervous System Diseases
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555815967.ch02
1. Beaver, C. B.,, R. C. Jung, and, E. W. Cupp. 1984. Clinical Parasitology. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, PA.
2. Garcia, L. S. 2007. Diagnostic Medical Parasitology, 5th ed. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
3. Gibson, D. I. 1998. Nature and classification of parasitic helminths, p. 453479. In L. Collier,, A. Balows, and, M. Susman (ed.), Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 9th ed. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
4. Goddard, J. 2007. Arthropods of Medical Importance, 5th ed. CRC Press, New York, NY.
5. Murray, P. R.,, E. J. Baron,, J. H. Jorgensen,, M. L. Landry, and, M. A. Pfaller (ed.). 2007. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 9th ed. ASM Press, Washington, DC.

Tables

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Table 2.1

Classification of human parasites

Citation: Garcia L. 2009. Parasite Classification and Relevant Body Sites, p 17-31. In Practical Guide to Diagnostic Parasitology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815967.ch2
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Table 2.2

Cosmopolitan distribution of common parasitic infections (North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania)

Citation: Garcia L. 2009. Parasite Classification and Relevant Body Sites, p 17-31. In Practical Guide to Diagnostic Parasitology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815967.ch2
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Table 2.3

Body sites and possible parasites recovered (trophozoites, cysts, oocysts, spores, adults, larvae, eggs, amastigotes, and trypomastigotes)

Citation: Garcia L. 2009. Parasite Classification and Relevant Body Sites, p 17-31. In Practical Guide to Diagnostic Parasitology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815967.ch2

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