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Chapter 1 : Introduction

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Abstract:

This is an introductory chapter of the book . The authors hope to convey the fascinating breadth and importance of the subject of clinical virology in this edition. This edition presents updated and improved information than the previous edition. Clinical virology is the domain of molecular biologists, geneticists, pharmacologists, micro-biologists, vaccinologists, immunologists, practitioners of public health, epidemiologists, and clinicians, both pediatric and adult. It encompasses events that include accounts ranging from epidemics impacting history and Jennerian vaccination to the identification of new agents and mechanisms of disease. In order to provide a comprehensive yet concise treatment of the diverse agents and diseases associated with human viral infections, this book is organized into two major sections. This chapter provides a table that lists the viruses known to infect humans. Many of the agents are primarily animal viruses that incidentally infect humans, such as herpesvirus B, rabies virus, the , the , the , and many arthropod-borne viruses.

Citation: Richman D, Whitley R, Hayden F. 2009. Introduction, p 1-4. In Richman D, Whitley R, Hayden F (ed), Clinical Virology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815981.ch1

Key Concept Ranking

Human respiratory syncytial virus
0.71875
Rift Valley fever virus
0.69018155
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
0.6802456
0.71875
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References

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1. Charrel, R. N.,, X. de Lamballerie, and, D. Raoult. 2007. Chikungunya outbreaks—the globalization of vectorborne diseases. N. Engl. J. Med. 356:769771.
2. Deffrasnes, C.,, M. E. Hamelin, and, G. Boivin. 2007. Human metapneumovirus. Semin. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 28:213221.
3. Fauquet, C. M.,, M. A. Mayo,, J. Maniloff,, U. Desselberger, and, L. A. Ball (ed.). 2005. Virus Taxonomy: Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
4. Palacios, G.,, J. Druce,, L. Du,, T. Tran,, C. Birch,, T. Briese,, S. Conlan,, P.-L. Quan,, J. Hui,, J. Marshall,, J. F. Simons,, M. Egholm,, C. D. Paddock,, W.-J. Shieh,, C. S. Goldsmith,, S. R. Zaki,, M. Catton, and, W. I. Lipkin. 2008. A new arenavirus in a cluster of fatal transplant-associated diseases. N. Engl. J. Med. 358:991998.
5. Raoult, D.,, B. La Scola, and, R. Birtles. 2007. The discovery and characterization of mimivirus, the largest known virus and putative pneumonia agent. Clin. Infect. Dis. 45:95102.

Tables

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TABLE 1

Taxonomy of human viruses

Citation: Richman D, Whitley R, Hayden F. 2009. Introduction, p 1-4. In Richman D, Whitley R, Hayden F (ed), Clinical Virology, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815981.ch1

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