Chapter 14 : The Impact of Imports

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Canada was not the only country dealing with contamination in imported frog legs in the 1970s. During the first half of the decade, -contaminated frog legs from countries such as Mexico, Japan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, and Indonesia accounted for the highest rate of violations of all foods regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This chapter presents a table that lists examples of food-borne disease outbreaks associated with imported foods. Canada exported -contaminated chocolate to the United States in 1972 and imported -contaminated chocolate from Belgium in 1985; European Union (EU) member countries imported contaminated snack foods from Israel and exported contaminated meat, dairy products, and produce to their fellow members; the United States has imported contaminated produce from Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala and-twice in the last 5 years-exported contaminated raw almonds to several countries around the world, including Mexico and Canada. The Almond Board of California, an industry trade association, funded research to determine the potential sources of in orchards, to understand the ability of to survive in the environment, and to develop and validate treatments to kill and other pathogens that might contaminate the nuts during harvest or processing. One way for a country to prevent imported foods from causing illness is to embargo imports from high-risk countries or to embargo high-risk foods from any country. Many countries have chosen to embargo imports of beef or live cattle from countries perceived to be at high risk for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

Citation: Entis P. 2007. The Impact of Imports, p 253-272. In Food Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816186.ch14

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Meat and Meat Products
Food Safety
Salmonella enterica
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4..Anonymous. 25 March 1996. Agreed minutes from the meeting of experts of the government of the United States of America and the government of the Russia Federation regarding the application of sanitary measures to exports of poultry products from the United States to Russia. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service. [Online.] http://www.fas.usda.gov/itp/agreements/ruspoul.html. Accessed 2 July 2006.
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Table 14.1

Examples of food-borne disease outbreaks associated with imported foods

Citation: Entis P. 2007. The Impact of Imports, p 253-272. In Food Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816186.ch14

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