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Chapter 4 : Outbreaks of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Outbreaks of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Pathogens that cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are sensitive to temperature changes and drying. Consequently, the pathogens require direct intimate contact for successful transmission. Although sexually transmitted pathogens are not as easily spread as respiratory pathogens, STDs are still widespread and common. , the most common pathogen causing urinary tract infections, has flagella that allow it to swim up the urethra into the bladder, where it can lodge and lead to infection. College students are among the highest-risk groups for sexually transmitted diseases. The majority of these infections were by serotypes of Human papillomavirus (HPV)associated with a high risk for developing cervical cancer. This chapter emphasizes the widespread and cross-cultural nature of STDs and the difficulties of prevention. Penicillinase is an enzyme produced by most bacteria that are resistant to penicillins. In theory, the prevention of STDs appears simple. However, determining effective strategies for changing sexual behavior and the politics of providing treatment and prevention resources make the real world of STD management both challenging and interesting. The chapter talks about selected outbreak-causing sexually transmitted pathogens and about various outbreaks of STDs, including chancroid, gonorrhea, cervical cancer, and lymphogranuloma venereum. A section is dedicated to reference material for pathogens and diseases that are transmitted sexually. Each outbreak is explained in detail and concludes with questions and student activity.

Citation: Anderson R. 2006. Outbreaks of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, p 125-150. In Outbreak. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816322.ch4
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Tables

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Table IV.1

Selected outbreak-causing sexually transmitted pathogens.

Citation: Anderson R. 2006. Outbreaks of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, p 125-150. In Outbreak. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816322.ch4

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