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Page 1. L. K. Altman, and T. S. Purdum, JFK file, hidden illness, pain and pills, New York Times 17 Nov. 2002.
Page 1–3. Porphyria—a Royal Malady; articles published in or commissioned by the British Medical Association (London: British Medical Association, 1968); I. Macalpine, and R. Hunter, George III and the Mad Business (New York: Pantheon, 1970).
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Page 5. A. Bennett, The Madness of George III. (London: Faber and Faber, 1992), 1821, 25, 31, 56.
Page 6–7. J. Rohl,, M. Warren,, and D. Hunt,, Purple Secret: Genes, Madness and the Royal Houses of Europe (New York: Bantam, 1998); I. Macalpine, and R. Hunter,, George III and the Mad Business (New York: Pantheon, 1970); F. Cartwright, and M. Biddis, Disease and History (London: Sutton, 1972), p. 172173.
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Page 10–13. J. P. Gelardi, Born To Rule (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005).
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Page 33. J. Franklin, and J. Sutherland,, Guinea Pig Doctors: the Drama of Medical Research through Self-Experimentation (New York: Morrow, 1984), 140; W. McNeill, Plagues and Peoples (New York: Anchor, 1976), 231.
Page 33–34. I. Sherman,, The Power of Plagues (Washington, D.C.: ASM Press, 2006), 167; S. LaFranniere, In oil-rich Angola, cholera preys upon poorest, New York Times, 16 June 2006.
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Page 35–37. Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 160161.
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Page 68. G. Boccaccio,, The Decameron, quoted in P. Ziegler, The Black Death (New York: Harper, 1969), 46.
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Page 79. M. Wheelis, Biological warfare at the 1346 siege of Caffa, Emerg. Infect. Dis. 8 (2002):971975.
Page 79. T. Inglesby et al., Plague as a biological weapon, JAMA 283 (200):22812289.
Page 79–80. T. Inglesby,, R. Grossman,, and T. O' Toole, A plague on your city: observations from TOPOFF, Clin. Infect. Dis. 32 (2001):436445.
Page 81. Plague—worldwide incidence (Figure 8). Int. J. Health Geogr. 4 (2005):1021; S. A. Berger, GIDEON: a comprehensive web-based resource for geographic medicine, http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/plague/index.htm.
Page 82. W. Orent, Plague: The Mysterious Past and Terrifying Future of the World's Most Dangerous Disease (New York: Free Press, 2004).
Page 83. Franklin and Sutherland, Guinea Pig Doctors, 2527.
Page 84. E. Tramont,, The impact of syphilis on humankind, Infect. Dis. Clin. North Am. 18 (2004):101110; A. Singh, and B. Romanowski, Syphilis: review with emphasis on clinical, epidemiological and some biologic features, Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 12 (1999): 187209.
Page 85. G. Anta,, S. Lukehart,, and A. Meheus, The endemic treponematoses, Microbes Infect. 4 (2002):8394.
Page 85–86. C. Fraser et al., Complete genome sequence of Treponema pallidum, the syphilis spirochete, Science 281 (1998):375388.
Page 86–87. C. Meyer,, C. Jung,, T. Kohl,, A. Poenicke,, A. Poppe,, and K. Alt, Syphilis 2001—a palaeopathological reappraisal, Homo 53 (2002):3958.
Page 87–89. Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 265266.
Page 89–90. E. Tramont, Syphilis in adults: from Christopher Columbus to Sir Alexander Fleming, Clin. Infect. Dis. 21 (1995):13611371.
Page 90–91. T. G. Benedek, and J. Erlen, The scientific environment of the Tuskegee study of syphilis, 1920–1960, Perspect. Biol. Med. 43 (1999):130.
Page 91–93. Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 245251, 258259.
Page 96. R. Hare,, The Birth of Penicillin and the Disarming of Microbes (London: Allen and Unwin, 1970); E. Lax, The Mould in Dr. Florey's Coat: the Remarkable True Story of Penicillin (New York: Little, Brown, 2004).
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Page 101–103. A. Rompalo, Can syphilis be eradicated from the world? Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis. 14 (2001):4144.
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Page 106–107. S. Grzbowski, and E. Allen, History and importance of scrofula, Lancet 346 (1995):14721474.
Page 109. D. Morens, At the deathbed of consumptive art, Emerg. Infect. Dis. 8 (2002):13531358.
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Page 111. G. N. Grob, The Deadly Truth: a History of Disease in America (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002).
Page 111–112. A. M. Kraut,, Plagues and prejudice, in D. Rosner (ed.), Hives of Sickness (Rutgers: Rutgers University Press, 1995), 6590.
Page 112–120. Sherman,, The Power of Plagues, 286293; D. E. Hammerschmidt,, Bovine tuberculosis: still a world health problem, J. Lab. Clin. Med. 141 (2003):359; S. Blower et al., The intrinsic transmission dynamics of tuberculosis epidemics, Nat. Med. 1 (1995):815821.
Page 121–124. F. Ryan, The Forgotten Plague: How the Battle against Tuberculosis Was Won—and Lost (Boston: Little, Brown, 1993).
Page 124–126. P. Small, and P. Fujiwara,, Management of tuberculosis in the United States, N. Engl. J. Med. 345 (2001):189200; T. Frieden, et al., Tuberculosis, Lancet 362 (2003):887897; Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 297299.
Page 125. Treatment of Latent TB Infection—2003, City and County of San Francisco Department of Health, TB Control Section, 4; http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/tb/pubs/tbfactsheets/250101.htm.
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Page 127–129. C. Dye,, Global epidemiology of tuberculosis, Lancet 367 (2006):938940; E. Corbett, et al., Tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities, challenges and change in the era of antiretroviral treatment, Lancet 367 (2006):926937; S. Sharma, and J. Liu,, Progress of DOTS in global transmission control, Lancet 367 (2006):951954; CDC, Trends in tuberculosis—United States, 2005, Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 55 (2006): 305308; M. Gandy, and A. Zumla (ed.), The Return of the White Plague (London: Verso, 2003).
Page 130–132. A Fictional Account Based on the Writings of Ronald Ross, Memoirs (London: John Murray, 1923).
Page 132–134. I. W. Sherman,. A brief history of malaria and the discovery of the parasite life cycle, in I. W. Sherman (ed.), Malaria: Parasite Biology, Pathogenesis, and Protection (Washington, D.C.: ASM Press, 1998), 310.
Page 135. R. Kupuscinsk, Shadow of the Sun (New York: Vantage, 2002).
Page 136. Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 145146, 156.
Page 136–138. G. Harrison,, Mosquitoes, Malaria and Man: a History of the Hostilities since 1880 (New York: Dutton, 1978); W. Bynum, and C. Ovary, The Beast in the Mosquito: the Correspondence of Ronald Ross and Patrick Manson (Amsterdam: Editions Rudolphi, 1998).
Page 137. P. deKruif, Microbe Hunters (San Diego: Harcourt Brace, 1926), 256285.
Page 138. R. Ross, Memoirs (London: John Murray, 1923).
Page 138–141. B. Greenwood et al., Malaria. Lancet 365 (2005):14871498.
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Page 144. Franklin, and Sutherland, Guinea Pig Doctors, 205206.
Page 144–145, 147–148. M. Oldstone,, Viruses, Plagues and History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), 4572; Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 340342, 344345.
Page 146–147. E. T. Savitt, and J. Young (ed.), Disease and Distinctiveness in the American South (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1988).
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Page 156. C. Soares, Turning yellow: making the yellow fever vaccine fight other germs, Sci. Am. Apr. 2006, 2223.
Page 158–159, 165–167. J. M. Barry, The Great Influenza: the Epic Story of the 1918 Pandemic (New York: Viking, 2004).
Page 159–160, 167. Oldstone,, Viruses, Plagues and History; M. Specter, Nature's bioterrorist. New Yorker, 28 Feb. 2005, 5161.
Page 160–163, 172–173. R. Webster, and E. Walker,, Influenza, Am. Sci. 91 (2003): 122129; K. Nicholson,, J. Wood,, and M. Zambon,, Influenza, Lancet 362 (2003): 17331745; P. Palese,, Influenza: old and new threats, Nat. Med. 10 (2004):S82S87; W. Laver,, N. Biscofberger,, and R. Webster, Disarming flu viruses, Sci. Am. Jan. 1999, 7887.
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Page 164–165. J. C. Obenauer et al., Large-scale analysis of avian influenza isolates, Science 311 (2006):15761580.
Page 164–165. C. S. Smith,, French farmers shudder as flu keeps chickens from ranging free, New York Times 1 Mar. 2006; J. Taubenberger, and D. Morens, 1918 influenza: the mother of all pandemics, Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12 (2006):1522.
Page 168–169, 170–171. Sherman, The Power of Plagues, 1718, 398399.
Page 169–170. D. M. Bell and the WHO Working Group, Nonpharmaceutical interventions for pandemic influenza, international measures, Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12 (2006):8187.
Page 171–172. I. Longini, et al., Containing pandemic influenza at the source, Science 309 (2005):10831087; D. M. Bell, and the WHO Working Group, Nonpharmaceutical interventions for pandemic influenza, national and community measures, Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12 (2006):8894; R. Webster,, M. Peiris,, H. Chen,, and Y. Guen, H5N1 outbreaks and enzootic influenza, Emerg. Infect. Dis. 12 (2006):313.
Page 175–179, 181–185, 187–191. Sherman,, The Power of Plagues, 92105, 112115; A. Galvani, and M. Slatkin, Evaluating plague and smallpox as historical selective pressures for the CCR-δ32 HIV-resistance allele, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101 (2003):1527615279.
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Page 195–196. C. W. Dugger, and D. G. Mc Neill, Jr., Rumor, fear and fatigue hinder final push to end polio, New York Times 20 Mar. 2006.
Page 196–197. C. Dugger, Mothers of Nepal vanquish a killer of children, New York Times 30 Apr. 2006.

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