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Chapter 1 : Genitourinary Tract Infections

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Abstract:

This section begins with a discussion of infections of the genitourinary tract for two reasons. First, the number of microorganisms that frequently cause infection in these organs is somewhat limited. Second, urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are two of the most common reasons why young adults, particularly women, consult a physician. UTIs are examples of endogenous infections, i.e., infections that arise from the patient’s own microflora. The incidence of STDs is similar in both heterosexual men and women; however, the morbidity associated with these infections tends to be much greater in women. In particular, irreversible damage to reproductive organs, caused by both and , is all too common. Infections with these two organisms are almost always symptomatic in males, though the few men who do not have symptoms can be responsible for infecting many partners. By contrast, a significant number of women may be infected asymptomatically at first. They may manifest signs and symptoms of infection only when they develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which can result in sterility. Important agents of genitourinary tract infections are listed in this chapter.

Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1

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Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1
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Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1
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Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1
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Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1
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Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1
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References

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Tables

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TABLE 1

SELECTED GENITOURINARY TRACT PATHOGENS

Citation: Gilligan P, Smiley M, Shapiro D. 2003. Genitourinary Tract Infections, p 27-54. In Cases in Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Third Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816353.ch1

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