Chapter 4 : Management of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases

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Ticks cause substantial problems, both as nuisance pests and as vectors of human disease. They are also responsible for enormous economic losses resulting from decreased vigor in infested farm animals and transmission of diseases to domestic and agricultural animals. As such, a great deal of effort has been devoted to controlling ticks, and a great variety of techniques are currently available. Traditionally, most effort has focused on ways to kill ticks or to avoid tick attachment to humans and cattle, with relatively little effort devoted to integrated pest management (IPM) as applied to tick control. This chapter first reviews tick control techniques, including both traditional and novel approaches. Then, it examines the decision-making process in tick management, both in the traditional agricultural setting and in the context of prevention of human disease. The chapter fosters a debate about the goals and principles of tick and tick-borne disease management that will result in a more robust, efficient, theory-driven, science-based practice of IPM for tick control. Further development of novel tick control measures and increased efficiency in their integration and application to achieve desired goals hold great promise for effective future management of ticks and tick-borne diseases.

Citation: Ginsberg H, Stafford K. 2005. Management of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, p 65-86. In Goodman J, Dennis D, Sonenshine D, Tick-Borne Diseases of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816490.ch4

Key Concept Ranking

Immune Systems
Ixodes scapularis
Ixodes pacificus
Ixodes ricinus
Metarhizium anisopliae
Beauveria bassiana
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Image of Figure 1.
Figure 1.

(Top) A perimeter application of an acaricide for control of nymphal I. scapularis. (Bottom) A woodchip barrier at the woodland-residential lawn interface to reduce movement of ticks into the lawn. Photographs by K. C. Stafford.

Citation: Ginsberg H, Stafford K. 2005. Management of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, p 65-86. In Goodman J, Dennis D, Sonenshine D, Tick-Borne Diseases of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816490.ch4
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Host-targeted acaricide control. (Top) The 4-poster passive topical treatment device for controlling ticks on whitetailed deer consists of a central bin and two feeding and acaricide application stations on either side of the bin. Deer contact the vertical rollers treated with an acaricide as they place their heads into the bait port to feed. (Bottom) Fipronil-based rodent bait box used in initial trials for control of I. scapularis on white-footed mice in Connecticut that contained a nontoxic attractant bait and a yarn-like wick. Photographs by K. C. Stafford.

Citation: Ginsberg H, Stafford K. 2005. Management of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, p 65-86. In Goodman J, Dennis D, Sonenshine D, Tick-Borne Diseases of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816490.ch4
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Table 1

IPM for ticks and tick-borne diseases

Citation: Ginsberg H, Stafford K. 2005. Management of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, p 65-86. In Goodman J, Dennis D, Sonenshine D, Tick-Borne Diseases of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816490.ch4

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