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Chapter 47 : Biology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococci Other than Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis

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Abstract:

This chapter focuses on species of non- species of staphylococci (NAS) selected for their pathogenic potential and those for which recent discoveries have had a significant outcome on the general knowledge of staphylococcal biology. is a human commensal more pathogenic than most other NAS, causing primary infections of the human. is known as a frequent cause of acute urinary tract infection among female outpatients. is regarded as an emerging nosocomial pathogen with a tendency to develop antibiotic resistance. is a rather genetically homogeneous species, since a very limited polymorphism is detected by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) or plasmid analysis. was originally isolated from goat milk; it is the most prevalent NAS in mastitis-free goat milk and has not been isolated from cow or sheep milk. has the usual characteristics of the NAS and can cause significant infection both in the community and in the hospital. strains are phenotypically similar to strains, but a clear-cut distinction between these two species may be obtained by comparing their rRNA gene restriction patterns. has been isolated as a rare cause of human infection including urinary tract, wound, bone, and joint infections; vertebral osteomyelitis; septicemia; and native valve endocarditis. is the most important NAS that produces coagulase; it is, however, taxonomically distinct from . It is the predominant coagulase-positive staphylococcus in the mouth and in skin infections of dogs.

Citation: Tristan A, Lina G, Etienne J, Vandenesch F. 2006. Biology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococci Other than Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, p 572-586. In Fischetti V, Novick R, Ferretti J, Portnoy D, Rood J (ed), Gram-Positive Pathogens, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816513.ch47

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Tables

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TABLE

Other extracellular factors produced by species other than S. and S.

SHT, synergohymenotropic toxin; NT, not tested; SCET, S. exfoliative toxin; ExhA, exfoliative toxin A from S. SHETA, S. exfoliative toxin A; SIET, S. exfoliative toxin.

Citation: Tristan A, Lina G, Etienne J, Vandenesch F. 2006. Biology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococci Other than Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, p 572-586. In Fischetti V, Novick R, Ferretti J, Portnoy D, Rood J (ed), Gram-Positive Pathogens, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816513.ch47
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TABLE 2

Binding of various species to extracellular matrix proteins

NT, not tested; PAA, particule agglutination assays; I-PBA, iodine-labeled protein-binding assays; PCR, PCR amplification of -like genes using primers based on conserved sequences of and ; WLAB, Western ligand affinity blotting; Fn, fibronectin; Vn, vitronectin; Lm, laminin; Cn, collagen; Fg, fibrinogen; *, low-affinity binding.

Citation: Tristan A, Lina G, Etienne J, Vandenesch F. 2006. Biology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococci Other than Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, p 572-586. In Fischetti V, Novick R, Ferretti J, Portnoy D, Rood J (ed), Gram-Positive Pathogens, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816513.ch47
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TABLE 1

Synergistic hemolysis and detection of , , and genes in species

NT, not tested.

Citation: Tristan A, Lina G, Etienne J, Vandenesch F. 2006. Biology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococci Other than Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, p 572-586. In Fischetti V, Novick R, Ferretti J, Portnoy D, Rood J (ed), Gram-Positive Pathogens, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816513.ch47
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

Superantigenic toxins produced by species other than and

NT, not tested.

Citation: Tristan A, Lina G, Etienne J, Vandenesch F. 2006. Biology and Pathogenicity of Staphylococci Other than Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, p 572-586. In Fischetti V, Novick R, Ferretti J, Portnoy D, Rood J (ed), Gram-Positive Pathogens, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816513.ch47

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