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Citation: Wade W, Könönen E. .

Key Concept Ranking

Microbial Ecology
Gram-Positive Cocci
Gram-Positive Bacilli
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Gram-Negative Bacteria
Urinary Tract Infections
16s rRNA Sequencing
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Some features of non-spore-forming anaerobic gram-positive genera

+/–or +/–, variable aerotolerance within the genus; –, the genus contains only strictly anaerobic species.

+, positive; –, negative; v, variable; (+), decolorization in old culture.

A, acetic acid; B, butyric acid; C, caproic acid; F, formic acid; L, lactic acid; P, propionic acid; S, succinic acid; PAA, phenylacetic acid; parentheses, strain variation; ND, not determined.

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Genera of non-spore-forming anaerobic gram-positive rods detected in human infections

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Biochemical characteristics of and related bacteria encountered in human infections

Biochemical data from references , and .

colonies are nonpigmented on brucella agar but almost black on RLB, whereas other pigment-producing spp. appear as pinkish/brownish colonies onbrucella agar and as darker colonies on RLB.

+, positive; –, negative; v, variable; ND, no data.

(+) better growth in anaerobic conditions.

Abbreviations: α-Glu, α-glucosidase; β-NAG, β--acetyl-glucosaminidase; β-gal, β-galactosidase.

Abbreviations: Mal, maltose; Man, mannitol; Raf, raffinose; Suc, sucrose; Tre, trehalose.

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Biochemical characteristics of propionibacteria encountered in human infections

Biochemical data compiled from references and . Symbols and abbreviations: +, positive; –, negative; v, variable; ND, no data.

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Enzyme reactions useful in distinguishing species within the genera and

Biochemical data compiled from references , and . Symbols and abbreviations: +, positive; –, negative; v, variable; ND, no data; β-Gal, β-galactosidase.

In the original description, is facultatively anaerobic.

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Biochemical characteristics of some human -like organisms

Biochemical data compiled from references , and . Symbols and abbreviations: +, positive reaction; –, negative reaction; v, variable reaction; ND, no data.


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