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Chapter 18 : Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

A report developed by an expert committee under the leadership of Joshua Lederberg and Robert Shope highlighted many of the infectious diseases that have been identified during the past 25 years and identified six major factors that contribute to disease emergence and reemergence. Over half of the 15 recommendations were targeted at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and most of those were directed at the National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID). The CDC strategic plan contains four goals. The first goal stresses the need to strengthen surveillance and response capacity, the second identifies a number of research priorities, the third focuses on the need to strengthen prevention and control programs at the local, state, and national level, and the fourth focuses on the need to repair the public health infrastructure required to prevent and control infectious diseases, which has deteriorated over the past 20 to 30 years. A CDC extramural research program was expanded in 1997 to address the epidemiology of hepatitis C and the need for improved diagnostic tests for a number of emerging infectious diseases. This research program is complementary to the research agenda of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Citation: Hughes J. 1998. Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, p 261-269. In Scheld W, Armstrong D, Hughes J (ed), Emerging Infections 1. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816940.ch18

Key Concept Ranking

Infectious Diseases
0.57734823
Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis
0.48997337
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
0.4456416
0.57734823
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Figures

Image of Figure 1.
Figure 1.

Cumulative total or appropriated funds for incremental implementation of the CDC Emerging Infections Plan, by fiscal year. *, President's budget.

Citation: Hughes J. 1998. Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, p 261-269. In Scheld W, Armstrong D, Hughes J (ed), Emerging Infections 1. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816940.ch18
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Image of Figure 2.
Figure 2.

Emerging Infections Program (EIP) and Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity (ELC) cooperative agreements.

Citation: Hughes J. 1998. Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, p 261-269. In Scheld W, Armstrong D, Hughes J (ed), Emerging Infections 1. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816940.ch18
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1.

Examples of emerging infectious disease outbreaks in the United States, 1994–1997

Citation: Hughes J. 1998. Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, p 261-269. In Scheld W, Armstrong D, Hughes J (ed), Emerging Infections 1. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816940.ch18
Generic image for table
Table 2.

Examples of international emerging infectious disease outbreaks, 1994–1997

Citation: Hughes J. 1998. Addressing the Challenges of Emerging Infectious Diseases: Implementation of the Strategy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, p 261-269. In Scheld W, Armstrong D, Hughes J (ed), Emerging Infections 1. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816940.ch18

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