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Chapter 4 : Biological Implications of the Genome

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Abstract:

This chapter focuses on the contribution of the genome sequence of to enhance one's understanding of its interactions in the oral cavity. It was determined that streptococci resembling constituted about half of the streptococcal component of dental plaque. This study likely identified as some strains that would currently be classified as or . This chapter points out that studies with related species may provide a framework for future hypothesis-driven investigation of cell wall-anchored (Cwa) proteins associated with oral adhesion and aggregation. It was later determined that competence is upregulated in in the presence of oxygen, as is also true for and . The chapter concludes with the hope that the availability of the genome sequence stimulates new research related to the role of within the oral community.

Citation: Kitten T, Senty Turner L, Xu P. 2011. Biological Implications of the Genome, p 43-61. In Kolenbrander P (ed), Oral Microbial Communities. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817107.ch4

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FIGURE 1

In silico comparisons among oral streptococci. The coding genes of SK36, Challis CH1, and UA159 are compared. Total numbers of protein-coding genes in each species are indicated in parentheses. Numbers in the intersections indicate genes shared by two or three species.

Citation: Kitten T, Senty Turner L, Xu P. 2011. Biological Implications of the Genome, p 43-61. In Kolenbrander P (ed), Oral Microbial Communities. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817107.ch4
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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

Features of predicted SK36 Cwa proteins

Citation: Kitten T, Senty Turner L, Xu P. 2011. Biological Implications of the Genome, p 43-61. In Kolenbrander P (ed), Oral Microbial Communities. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817107.ch4
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

Genes unique to three oral streptococci

Citation: Kitten T, Senty Turner L, Xu P. 2011. Biological Implications of the Genome, p 43-61. In Kolenbrander P (ed), Oral Microbial Communities. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817107.ch4
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

Features of two approaches used for identification of foreign genes in

Citation: Kitten T, Senty Turner L, Xu P. 2011. Biological Implications of the Genome, p 43-61. In Kolenbrander P (ed), Oral Microbial Communities. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817107.ch4

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