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Chapter 14 : Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000

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Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

As well as isolating new species, taxonomists have, almost uniquely undertaken the comparative study and description of many different kinds of yeast, and this is probably one of their most valuable contributions to yeast biology. This chapter considers some aspects of the history of all these kinds of activity. Ascospore-forming yeasts, such as species, were isolated notably from industrial fermentations, whereas many non-ascospore-producing yeasts were found in clinical practice-for example, and , often the putative causes of mycotic diseases. In 1924, was transferred to . However, the genus generally lapsed into desuetude until Kreger-van Rij restored it in all its glory in 1984. Writing from the Faculté de Médecine of Paris in 1932, Maurice Langeron and Rodolfo Talice published a paper on classifying those fungi which characteristically formed both filaments and yeast-like cells. This paper was largely a report of a microscopical study of the different categories of cell produced by each kind of yeast: blastoconidia, chlamydospores, the mode of budding, and the greatly varied appearance of filamentous growths. The chapter describes the inception of some genera which were thought to be asexual, namely, , , , , , , and . The sensible naming of yeasts is vital for all who work with them, in research, in commerce, and in medicine.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14

Key Concept Ranking

Candida albicans
0.9375
Candida parapsilosis
0.875
0.9375
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Figures

Image of FIGURE 14.1
FIGURE 14.1

Jacomina Lodder (1905–1987) in 1956. Courtesy of F. W. Lodder.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.2
FIGURE 14.2

Nelly Kreger-van Rij (1920–2002). © Delft Microbiology Archives (http://www.beijerinck.bt.tudelft.nl).

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.3
FIGURE 14.3

Hybrids between species obtained by David Yarrow (2413). Courtesy of David Yarrow.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.4
FIGURE 14.4

Derx’s 1930 drawings (440) of ballistoconidia () of and species. I, II, III, , now (90); IV, V, , now (90); VI, , asexual state of (90); VII, , asexual state of (90); VIII, , now (90, 169); IX, sp.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.5
FIGURE 14.5

Cells of (A), showing bipolar budding, with wide connections between mother cells and their buds, contrasting with the narrow isthmuses of (for example) () (B). Photomicrographs by Linda Barnett.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.6
FIGURE 14.6

Drawing by von Arx and van der Walt of , showing septate hyphae, asci with ascospores formed by conjugating cells, and denticulate conidia (2232). Courtesy of Johannes van der Walt.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.7
FIGURE 14.7

Transmission electron micrographs showing many-layer cell wall and enteroblastic budding in (A) and two-layer cell wall and holoblastic budding in (B) (168). Micrographs by W. H. Batenburg-van der Vegte; reproduced with kind permission.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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Image of FIGURE 14.8
FIGURE 14.8

Some changes in the nomenclature of , second edition of (1321);, third edition of (1137);, fourth edition of (1166). Modified from reference 2216.

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 14.1

Classification of some filamentous yeasts isolated clinically by Langeron and Talice in 1932

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
Generic image for table
TABLE 14.2

Characteristics used for identification by Guilliermond in 1928

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
Generic image for table
TABLE 14.3

Compounds used by Wickerham in 1951 as sole sources of carbon to test for growth of yeasts

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
Generic image for table
TABLE 14.4

Lodder’s classification of 1970

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14
Generic image for table
TABLE 14.5

Some yeast genera introduced in 2003

Citation: Barnett J, Barnett L. 2011. Yeast Taxonomy, 1900 to 2000, p 254-274. In Yeast Research. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817152.ch14

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