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Chapter 149 : Antiparasitic Agents

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Abstract:

This chapter discusses the mechanisms of action, pharmacology, clinical utility, and adverse effects of common first-line antiparasitic therapies and newer drug alternatives. Agents discussed in detail include albendazole, mebendazole, praziquantel, ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine, nitazoxanide, antimalarials, and those used to treat gastrointestinal protozoal infections, leishmaniasis, and trypanosomiasis.

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Treatment of intestinal, blood/tissue (nonplasmodial), and urogenital protozoal infections

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

Treatment of major helminthic infections

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

Major indications for albendazole

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 4

Major indications for mebendazole

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 5

Major indications for praziquantel

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 6

Major indications for ivermectin

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 7

Major indications for DEC

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 8

Major indications for nitazoxanide

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149
Generic image for table
TABLE 9

Treatment regimens for malaria

Citation: Leder K, Weller P. 2015. Antiparasitic Agents, p 2529-2549. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch149

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