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Chapter 24 : Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, and Other Aerobic Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci

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Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, and Other Aerobic Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter examines clinically significant catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci other than streptococci, enterococci, and the obligately anaerobic Gram-positive cocci. These bacteria form a taxonomically diverse collection of organisms that are infrequently isolated from clinical specimens and that may be misidentified as other more well-known Gram-positive cocci. The chapter discusses their taxonomy, their clinical significance, and the phenotypic and molecular methods for identification of these organisms when encountered in clinical microbiology laboratories. The genera included are , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

Citation: Christensen J, Ruoff K. 2015. Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, and Other Aerobic Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci, p 422-436. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch24
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FIGURE 1

Identification of catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci that grow aerobically with cells arranged in pairs and chains. Abbreviations: 6.5% NaCl, growth in broth containing 6.5% NaCl; bile esculin, hydrolysis of esculin in the presence of 40% bile; motility, motility in motility test medium; 45°C, growth at 45°C; 10°C, growth at 10°C; probe, reaction with commercially available nucleic acid probe for the genus ; HIP, hydrolysis of hippurate; satellitism, satelliting growth behavior; ARG, arginine hydrolysis activity; BGUR, β-glucuronidase activity. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch24.f1

Citation: Christensen J, Ruoff K. 2015. Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, and Other Aerobic Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci, p 422-436. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch24
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Identification of catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci that grow aerobically with cells arranged in pairs, tetrads, clusters, or irregular groups. Abbreviations: 6.5% NaCl, growth in broth containing 6.5% NaCl; esculin, hydrolysis of esculin; BGUR, β-glucuronidase activity. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch24.f2

Citation: Christensen J, Ruoff K. 2015. Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, and Other Aerobic Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci, p 422-436. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch24
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Possible identities of catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci based on certain phenotypic reactions and cellular morphology

Citation: Christensen J, Ruoff K. 2015. Aerococcus, Abiotrophia, and Other Aerobic Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci, p 422-436. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch24

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