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Chapter 28 : Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods

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Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter deals with aerobically growing, asporogenous, irregularly shaped, non-partially acid-fast, Gram-positive rods generally called coryneforms. Genera mainly covered include , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and . Information is presented on epidemiology and transmission, clinical significance, direct examination, isolation procedures, and identification of coryneforms. Taxa are described in detail with emphasis on identification tools for the clinical microbiologist. Finally, antimicrobial susceptibility testing procedures and resistance patterns of coryneforms are outlined.

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
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Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

Gram stain morphologies of ATCC 14779 after 48 h of incubation (a), DSM 8821 (48 h) (b), ATCC 51325 (48 h) (c), ATCC 14018 (48 h) (d), HC-NML 92-0507 (24 h) (e), ATCC 14266 (24 h) (f), HC-NML 98-0068 (24 h) (g), and a black-pigmented HC-NML 77-0298 (24 h) (h).doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch28.f1

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

CAMP reactions of different coryneform bacteria after 24 h. (Top) DMMZ 891 (positive reaction); (Middle) ATCC 14779 (negative reaction); (Bottom) ATCC 9345 (CAMP inhibition reaction). The vertical streak is ATCC 25923. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch28.f2

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
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Image of FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3

Colony morphologies of different coryneform bacteria after 48 h of incubation on SBA. (a) LCDC 91-0077; (b) ATCC 14779; (c) LCDC 97-0202; (d) ATCC 6940; (e) ATCC 51325; (f) LCDC 95-0154; (g) HC-NML 91-0032 (after 96 h); (h) black-pigmented HC-NML 77-0298 (after 96 h); (i) biotype colonies on a Tinsdale agar plate. The latter photo was kindly provided by C. Hinnebusch and M. Cohen, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch28.f3

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

Some chemotaxonomic features of the bacteria covered in this chapter

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

Most frequently reported disease associations of coryneform bacteria in humans

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

Identification of medically relevant spp.

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28
Generic image for table
TABLE 4

Identification of medically relevant coryneform bacteria other than spp.

Citation: Funke G, Bernard K. 2015. Coryneform Gram-Positive Rods, p 474-503. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch28

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