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Abstract:

This chapter deals with a number of both major and less prominent members of the family. The genera , , , , , and cause a range of infections in humans. These continue to warrant serious consideration since many of these infections are poorly characterized, are likely to be underreported, and have the capacity to resist antimicrobial agents. The Infectious Diseases Society of America recognizes and spp. as members of the ESKAPE pathogens (, , , , , and spp.), which exhibit antimicrobial resistance and present new challenges in their pathogenesis and transmission. Therefore, this chapter contains a wide breadth of information not only on the taxonomy, detection, and identication of these genera, but also the global issue of antimicrobial resistance.

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

Nomenclature, isolation source, and significance of selected genera of the family

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

Other members of the family

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

Separation of members of the genus

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 4

Differentiation of and members of the genera , , , and

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 5

Separation of some members of the genera and

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 6

Biochemical characterization of members of the genus

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 7

Separation of members of the genera , , and

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 8

Separation of from selected and species (VP, ADH, and ODC variable or positive)

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 9

Differentiation of from commonly seen indole-positive, VP-negative organisms

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 10

Separation of LDC-, ODC-, and ADH-negative unusual found in clinical specimens

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 11

Separation of from

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 12

Separation of that may be HS positive

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38
Generic image for table
TABLE 13

Resistance mediators of the

Citation: Forsythe S, Abbott S, Pitout J. 2015. , p 714-737. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch38

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