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Chapter 44 : , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*

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, , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The organisms covered in this chapter belong to a group of taxonomically and phylogenetically diverse, Gram-negative, nonfermentative rods and coccobacilli. Still, several of the genera dealt with belong to the same family; i.e., , , , and belong to the family (), and , , , , , , , , and belong to the family ().

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

Identification of miscellaneous GNF. The organisms covered in this chapter belong to a group of taxonomically diverse, Gram-negative, nonfermentative rods and coccobacilli. They all share the common phenotypic features of failing to acidify the butt of KIA or TSI agar or of oxidative-fermentative media, indicating their inability to metabolize carbohydrates by the fermentative pathway. These characteristics are shared with those of the species of the emended genus (chapter 42) and those of the species of genera that previously were named as (chapter 43). , grows slowly and poorly on SBA. forms small colonies as well, but these are already visible after 24 h of incubation. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch44.f1

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Differences in the size of the colonies formed by different species isolated from human clinical specimens. The strains were grown on TSA (Oxoid) at 30°C for 24 h. (a) NIPH 384; (b) NIPH 137; (c) NIPH 1034; (d) ATCC 19606. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch44.f2

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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Image of FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3

Gram stain of , showing characteristic doughnut-shaped morphology. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch44.f3

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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Image of FIGURE 5
FIGURE 5

Gram stain of , showing Gram-negative, coccoid organisms. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch44.f5

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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Image of FIGURE 4
FIGURE 4

Gram stain of , showing pleomorphic, Gram-negative rods with vacuoles. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch44.f4

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Oxidase-negative, indole-negative, nonfermentative, Gram-negative rods: the genus

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
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TABLE 2

Accuracy of MALDI-TOF MS compared to other identification methods

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

Oxidase-positive, indole-negative, trypsin-negative, coccoid GNF

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
Generic image for table
TABLE 4

Oxidase-positive, indole-negative, trypsin-positive GNF

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
Generic image for table
TABLE 5

Oxidase-positive, indole-positive GNF

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44
Generic image for table
TABLE 6

Pink-pigmented GNF

Citation: Vaneechoutte M, Nemec A, KÄmpfer P, Cools P, Wauters G. 2015. , , , and Other Nonfermentative Gram-Negative Rods*, p 813-837. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch44

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