Chapter 2 : Clinical Presentations and Epidemiology of Urinary Tract Infections

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Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections. Bacteria live around the urethra and colonize the bladder, but are washed out during micturition. The shorter distance to the bladder in women (as compared to men) makes it easier for bacterial colonizers to reach the bladder. Furthermore, the urethral opening in women is close to the rectum. Urogenital manipulations associated with daily living or medical interventions facilitate the movement of bacteria to the urethra ( ).

Citation: Geerlings S. 2017. Clinical Presentations and Epidemiology of Urinary Tract Infections, p 27-40. In Mulvey M, Klumpp D, Stapleton A (ed), Urinary Tract Infections: Molecular Pathogenesis and Clinical Management, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.UTI-0002-2012
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Figure 1

Overview of the incidence of symptomatic UTI and the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria according to age and sex (curves, females; hatched areas, males) ( ).

Citation: Geerlings S. 2017. Clinical Presentations and Epidemiology of Urinary Tract Infections, p 27-40. In Mulvey M, Klumpp D, Stapleton A (ed), Urinary Tract Infections: Molecular Pathogenesis and Clinical Management, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.UTI-0002-2012
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