Chapter 4 : Urinary Tract Infections in Infants and Children

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The most important variables influencing prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) are age and sex ( ). In neonates, the rate for premature infants (2.9%) and very-low-birthweight infants (4 to 25%) exceeds that for full-term infants (0.7%). Male preponderance persists for the first 3 months of life, after which the prevalence rate among females exceeds that in males. The prevalence rate reported in girls 1 to 5 years of age is 1 to 3%, whereas few infections occur in boys of those ages. This is the age range in which children are most likely to experience a first symptomatic infection. Symptomatic infections occur 10 to 20 times more commonly in preschool-aged girls than in preschool-aged boys.

Citation: Schlager T. 2017. Urinary Tract Infections in Infants and Children, p 69-77. In Mulvey M, Klumpp D, Stapleton A (ed), Urinary Tract Infections: Molecular Pathogenesis and Clinical Management, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.UTI-0022-2016
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