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Chapter 13.13 : Culture of Blood Bank Products
Transfusion of blood and blood components is usually a safe and effective form of therapy. However, untoward effects can occur. These untoward effects, called “transfusion reactions,” may present immediately or be delayed, and they may or may not be immunologically mediated. A serious complication of transfusion therapy is the transmission of infection by many different kinds of microorganisms, such as viruses (hepatitis) ( 7 ), spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi) ( 4 ), and other bacteria, for example, Yersinia spp. This procedure focuses only on culture of suspected bacterial agents in blood and blood products. A list of some bacterial agents implicated in transfusion reactions is shown in Table 13.13-1 .