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Chapter 13.13 : Culture of Blood Bank Products

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Abstract:

Transfusion of blood and blood components is usually a safe and effective form of therapy. However, untoward effects can occur. These untoward effects, called “transfusion reactions,” may present immediately or be delayed, and they may or may not be immunologically mediated. A serious complication of transfusion therapy is the transmission of infection by many different kinds of microorganisms, such as viruses (hepatitis) ( ), spirochetes () ( ), and other bacteria, for example, spp. This procedure focuses only on culture of suspected bacterial agents in blood and blood products. A list of some bacterial agents implicated in transfusion reactions is shown in Table 13.13-1 .

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Culture of Blood Bank Products, p 508-511. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.13
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817435.chap13.13
1. Anderson, K. C.,, M. Lew,, B. Gorgone,, J. Martel,, C. Leamy,, and B. Sullivan. 1986. Transfusion-related sepsis after prolonged platelet storage. Am. J. Med. 81: 405 410.
2. Arduino, M.,, L. Bland,, M. Tripple,, S. Aguero,, and M. Favero. 1989. Growth and endotoxin production of Yersinia enterocolitica and Enterobacter agglomerans in packed erythrocytes. J. Clin. Microbiol. 27: 1483 1485.
3. Arnow, P.,, L. Weiss,, D. Weil,, and N. Rosen. 1986. Escherichia coli sepsis from contaminated platelet transfusion. Arch. Intern. Med. 146: 321 324.
4. Badon, S. J.,, R. O. Fister,, and R. G. Cable. 1989. Survival of Borrelia burgdorferi in blood products. Transfusion 29: 581 582.
5. Blajchman, M. A. 2000. Reducing the risk of bacterial contamination of cellular blood components. Dev. Biol. Stand. 102: 183 193.
6. Buchholz, D. H.,, V. M. Young,, N. R. Friedman,, J. A. Reilly,, and M. R. Mardiney. 1973. Detection and quantitation of bacteria in platelet products stored at ambient temperature. Transfusion 13: 268 275.
7. Conrad, M. 1981. Diseases transmissible by blood transfusions: viral hepatitis and other infectious disorders. Semin. Hematol. 18: 122 145.
8. Elin, R. J.,, W. B. Lundberg,, and P. Schmidt. 1975. Evaluation of bacterial contamination in blood processing. Transfusion 15: 260 265.
9. Heal, J. M.,, S. Singal,, E. Sardisco,, and T. Mayer. 1986. Bacterial proliferation in platelet concentrates. Transfusion 26: 388 390.
10. Jacobs, J.,, D. Jamaer,, J. Vandevan,, M. Wouters,, C. Vermylen,, and J. Vandepitte. 1989. Yersinia enterocolitica in donor blood: a case report and review. J. Clin. Microbiol. 27: 1119 1121.
11. Murray, A. E.,, C. A. Bartzokas,, A. J. Shepherd,, and F. M. Roberts. 1987. Blood transfusion-associated Pseudomonas fluorescens septicaemia: is this an increasing problem? J. Hosp. Infect. 9: 243 248.
12. Punsalang, A.,, J. Heal,, and P. Murphy. 1989. Growth of gram positive and gram negative bacteria in platelet concentrates. Transfusion 29: 596 599.
13. Reisner, B. S.,, G. L. Woods,, R. B. Thomson, Jr.,, D. H. Larone,, L. S. Garcia,, and R. Y. Shimizu,. 1999. Specimen processing, p. 64 67. In P. R. Murray,, E. J. Baron,, M. A. Pfaller,, F. C. Tenover,, and R. H. Yolken (ed.), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 7th ed. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
14. Rhame, F.,, R. Root,, J. MacLowry,, T. Dadisman,, and J. Bennett. 1973. Salmonella septicemia from platelet transfusion. Ann. Intern. Med. 78: 633 641.
15. Saxena, S.,, V. Odono,, J. Uba,, J. Nelson,, W. Lewis,, and I. Shulman. 1990. The risk of bacterial growth in units of blood that have warmed to more than 10°C. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 94: 80 84.
16. Steere, A.,, J. Tenney,, D. Mackel,, M. Snyder,, S. Polakavetz,, M. Dunne,, and R. Dixon. 1977. Pseudomonas species bacteremia caused by contaminated normal human serum albumin. J. Infect. Dis. 135: 729 731.
17. Stenhouse, M. A. E.,, and L. V. Milner. 1982. Yersinia enterocolitica: a hazard in blood transfusion. Transfusion 22: 396 398.
18. Tabor, E.,, and R. Gerety. 1984. Five cases of pseudomonas sepsis transmitted by blood transfusion. Lancet i: 1403.
19. Younes, H. J.,, and P. N. Samuelson. 1978. Bacteriologic examination of autologous blood. South. Med. J. 71: 1232 1234.
20. Hamill, T. R.,, S. G. Hamill,, and M. P. Busch. 1990. Effects of room temperature exposure on bacterial growth in stored red cells. Transfusion 30: 302 306.
1. Anderson, K. C.,, M. Lew,, B. Gorgone,, J. Martel,, C. Leamy,, and B. Sullivan. 1986. Transfusion-related sepsis after prolonged platelet storage. Am. J. Med. 81: 405 410.
2. Buchholz, D. H.,, V. M. Young,, N. R. Friedman,, J. A. Reilly,, and M. R. Mardiney. 1973. Detection and quantitation of bacteria in platelet products stored at ambient temperature. Transfusion 13: 268 275.
3. Elin, R. J.,, W. B. Lundberg,, and P. Schmidt. 1975. Evaluation of bacterial contamination in blood processing. Transfusion 15: 260 265.
4. Gibson, T.,, and W. Norris. 1958. Skin fragments removed by injection needles. Lancet ii: 983 985.
5. Murray, A. E.,, C. A. Bartzokas,, A. J. Shepherd,, and F. Roberts. 1987. Blood transfusion- associated Pseudomonas fluorescens septicaemia: is this an increasing problem? J. Hosp. Infect. 9: 243 248.
6. Walker, R. (ed.). 1990. Technical Manual, 10th ed., p. 472 473. American Association of Blood Banks, Arlington, VA.

Tables

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Table 13.13-1

Bacterial organism simplicated in transfusion reactions

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Culture of Blood Bank Products, p 508-511. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.13

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