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Chapter 13.13 : Culture of Blood Bank Products

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Abstract:

Transfusion of blood and blood components is usually a safe and effective form of therapy. However, untoward effects can occur. These untoward effects, called “transfusion reactions,” may present immediately or be delayed, and they may or may not be immunologically mediated. A serious complication of transfusion therapy is the transmission of infection by many different kinds of microorganisms, such as viruses (hepatitis) ( ), spirochetes () ( ), and other bacteria, for example, spp. This procedure focuses only on culture of suspected bacterial agents in blood and blood products. A list of some bacterial agents implicated in transfusion reactions is shown in Table 13.13-1 .

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Culture of Blood Bank Products, p 508-511. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.13
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817435.chap13.13
1. Anderson, K. C.,, M. Lew,, B. Gorgone,, J. Martel,, C. Leamy,, and B. Sullivan. 1986. Transfusion-related sepsis after prolonged platelet storage. Am. J. Med. 81:405410.
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4. Badon, S. J.,, R. O. Fister,, and R. G. Cable. 1989. Survival of Borrelia burgdorferi in blood products. Transfusion 29:581582.
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6. Buchholz, D. H.,, V. M. Young,, N. R. Friedman,, J. A. Reilly,, and M. R. Mardiney. 1973. Detection and quantitation of bacteria in platelet products stored at ambient temperature. Transfusion 13:268275.
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10. Jacobs, J.,, D. Jamaer,, J. Vandevan,, M. Wouters,, C. Vermylen,, and J. Vandepitte. 1989. Yersinia enterocolitica in donor blood: a case report and review. J. Clin. Microbiol. 27:11191121.
11. Murray, A. E.,, C. A. Bartzokas,, A. J. Shepherd,, and F. M. Roberts. 1987. Blood transfusion-associated Pseudomonas fluorescens septicaemia: is this an increasing problem? J. Hosp. Infect. 9:243248.
12. Punsalang, A.,, J. Heal,, and P. Murphy. 1989. Growth of gram positive and gram negative bacteria in platelet concentrates. Transfusion 29:596599.
13. Reisner, B. S.,, G. L. Woods,, R. B. Thomson, Jr.,, D. H. Larone,, L. S. Garcia,, and R. Y. Shimizu,. 1999. Specimen processing, p. 6467. In P. R. Murray,, E. J. Baron,, M. A. Pfaller,, F. C. Tenover,, and R. H. Yolken (ed.), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 7th ed. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
14. Rhame, F.,, R. Root,, J. MacLowry,, T. Dadisman,, and J. Bennett. 1973. Salmonella septicemia from platelet transfusion. Ann. Intern. Med. 78:633641.
15. Saxena, S.,, V. Odono,, J. Uba,, J. Nelson,, W. Lewis,, and I. Shulman. 1990. The risk of bacterial growth in units of blood that have warmed to more than 10°C. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 94:8084.
16. Steere, A.,, J. Tenney,, D. Mackel,, M. Snyder,, S. Polakavetz,, M. Dunne,, and R. Dixon. 1977. Pseudomonas species bacteremia caused by contaminated normal human serum albumin. J. Infect. Dis. 135:729731.
17. Stenhouse, M. A. E.,, and L. V. Milner. 1982. Yersinia enterocolitica: a hazard in blood transfusion. Transfusion 22:396398.
18. Tabor, E.,, and R. Gerety. 1984. Five cases of pseudomonas sepsis transmitted by blood transfusion. Lancet i:1403.
19. Younes, H. J.,, and P. N. Samuelson. 1978. Bacteriologic examination of autologous blood. South. Med. J. 71:12321234.
20. Hamill, T. R.,, S. G. Hamill,, and M. P. Busch. 1990. Effects of room temperature exposure on bacterial growth in stored red cells. Transfusion 30:302306.
1. Anderson, K. C.,, M. Lew,, B. Gorgone,, J. Martel,, C. Leamy,, and B. Sullivan. 1986. Transfusion-related sepsis after prolonged platelet storage. Am. J. Med. 81:405410.
2. Buchholz, D. H.,, V. M. Young,, N. R. Friedman,, J. A. Reilly,, and M. R. Mardiney. 1973. Detection and quantitation of bacteria in platelet products stored at ambient temperature. Transfusion 13:268275.
3. Elin, R. J.,, W. B. Lundberg,, and P. Schmidt. 1975. Evaluation of bacterial contamination in blood processing. Transfusion 15:260265.
4. Gibson, T.,, and W. Norris. 1958. Skin fragments removed by injection needles. Lancet ii:983985.
5. Murray, A. E.,, C. A. Bartzokas,, A. J. Shepherd,, and F. Roberts. 1987. Blood transfusion- associated Pseudomonas fluorescens septicaemia: is this an increasing problem? J. Hosp. Infect. 9:243248.
6. Walker, R. (ed.). 1990. Technical Manual, 10th ed., p. 472473. American Association of Blood Banks, Arlington, VA.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table 13.13-1

Bacterial organism simplicated in transfusion reactions

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Culture of Blood Bank Products, p 508-511. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.13

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