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Chapter 13.5 : Epidemiologic Strain Typing

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Epidemiologic Strain Typing, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The diversification of health care settings (e.g., home health care, nursing homes, assisted living, or outpatient dialysis centers) presents new challenges for the clinical microbiologist, hospital epidemiologist, and infection control professional as they work together to detect and investigate disease trends and outbreaks. A valuable tool in epidemiologic investigations is strain typing. This procedure is a quick guide that offers a simplified list of typing techniques of potential utility to clinical microbiologists. Readers seeking in-depth descriptions or detailed protocols should refer to References and Supplemental Reading.

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Epidemiologic Strain Typing, p 445-450. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.5
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817435.chap13.5
1. Maslow, J.,, and M. E. Mulligan. 1996. Epidemiologic typing systems. Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 17:595604.
2. Mayhall, C. G. (ed.). 1999. Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, 2nd ed., p. 14261435. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.
3. McWhorter-Murlin, A. C.,, and F. W. Hickman- Brenner. 1994. Identification and Serotyping of Salmonella and an Update of the Kauffmann-White Scheme. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.
4. Murray, P. R.,, E. J. Baron,, J. H. Jorgensen,, M. L. Landry,, and M. A. Pfaller (ed.). 2007. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 9th ed. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
5. Olive, D. M.,, and P. Bean. 1999. Principles and applications of methods for DNA-based typing of microbial organisms. J. Clin. Microbiol. 37:16611669.
6. Schwartz, D. C.,, and C. R. Cantor. 1984. Segregation of yeast chromosome-sized DNAs by pulsed field gradient gel electrophoresis. Cell 37:6775.
7. Tenover, F.,, R. Arbeit,, R. Goering,, P. Mickelsen,, B. Murray,, D. Persing,, and B. Swaminathan. 1995. Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsedfield gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing. J. Clin. Microbiol. 33:22332239.
8. Tenover, F.,, R. Arbeit,, R. Goering, and the Molecular Typing Working Group of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. 1997. How to select and interpret molecular strain typing methods for epidemiological studies of bacterial infections: a review for healthcare epidemiologists. Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 18:426439.
9. Maiden, M. C. 2006. Multilocus sequence typing of bacteria. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 60:561588.
10. Persing, D. H.,, F. C. Tenover,, J. Versalovic,, Y.-W. Tang,, E. R. Unger,, D. A. Relman,, and T. J. White. 2003. Molecular Microbiology: Diagnostic Principles and Practice. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table 13.5-1

Typing systems for common outbreak isolates

Compilation of data from references , and . AP-PCR, arbitrarily primed PCR.

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Epidemiologic Strain Typing, p 445-450. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.5
Generic image for table
Table 13.5-2

Comparison of strain typing methods

−, poor; ✓, fair; ✓✓, good; ✓✓✓, very good; ✓✓✓✓, excellent.

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Epidemiologic Strain Typing, p 445-450. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch13.5

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