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Chapter 3.10 : Ocular Cultures

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Abstract:

Inflammatory eye conditions may be due to a variety of diseases, and microorganisms play a major role in both acute and chronic diseases ( Table 3.10-1 ). The detection of infectious agents depends on knowledge of the site of infection and the severity of the process, because a variety of organisms cause infections of the eye. Unlike the procedures with other specimen types, it may be important for the physician to inoculate culture media at the bedside rather than transport the specimen to the laboratory for processing. This procedure describes the clinical syndromes associated with bacterial infections of the eye, the organisms associated with these syndromes, and the procedure for isolation of these infectious agents. In addition to aerobic bacterial culture, Table 3.10-2 indicates the media to inoculate for anaerobic, fungal, and mycobacterial cultures. Refer to the respective sections of the handbook for workup of the microorganisms that are not covered in this procedure.

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Ocular Cultures, p 312-320. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch3.10
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References

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1. Chern, K. C.,, D. M. Meisler,, G. S. Hall,, S. M. Myers,, R. E. Foster,, Z. N. Zakov,, and C. Y. Lowder. 1996. Bacterial contamination of anaerobic vitreous cultures: using techniques employed for endophthalmitis. Curr. Eye Res. 15:697699.
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13. Joondeph, B. C.,, H. W. Flynn,, D. Miller,, and H. C. Joondeph. 1989. A new culture method for infectious endophthalmitis. Arch. Ophthalmol. 107:13341337.
14. Kinnear, F. B.,, and C. M. Kirkness. 1995. Advances in rapid laboratory diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis. J. Hosp. Infect. 30(Suppl):253261.
15. Klotz, S. A.,, C. C. Penn,, G. J. Negvesky,, and S. I. Butrus. 2000. Fungal and parasitic infections of the eye. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 13:662685.
16. Kresloff, M. S.,, A. A. Castellarin,, and M. A. Zarbin. 1998. Endophthalmitis. Surv. Ophthalmol. 43:193224.
17. Mandell, G. L.,, J. E. Bennett,, and R. Dolin (ed.). 2005. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 6th ed. Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY.
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19. Okhravi, N.,, P. Adamson,, and S. Lightman. 2000. Use of PCR in endophthalmitis. Ocul. Immunol. Inflamm. 8:189200.
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 3.10–1a

Clinical description of common ocular infections

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Ocular Cultures, p 312-320. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch3.10
Generic image for table
Table 3.10–1b

Clinical description of common ocular infections

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Ocular Cultures, p 312-320. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch3.10
Generic image for table
Table 3.10–2

Handling of specimens for diagnosis of ocular infections

Bacterial culture includes a Gram stain, fungal culture includes a calcofluor white stain, and AFB culture includes an auramine-rhodamine or Ziehl-Neelsen stain.

DFA, direct fluorescent antibody testing.

Fungal media may include IMA, BHI, or potato flake agar.

AFB media may include Lowenstein-Jensen or Middlebrook agar and broth culture.

Citation: Garcia L. 2010. Ocular Cultures, p 312-320. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch3.10

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