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Chapter 10 : Biofilm Matrix Proteins

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Biofilm Matrix Proteins, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Microorganisms in the natural environment typically live on or in close association with surfaces and predominantly exist as biofilms, surface attached microbial communities composed of cells and extracellular matrix ( ). The exact compositions of biofilm matrices differ greatly between different microorganisms and growth conditions under which biofilms are formed but generally consist of exopolysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids. Proteinaceous components include cell surface adhesins, protein subunits of flagella and pili, secreted extracellular proteins, and proteins of outer membrane vesicles.

Citation: Fong J, Yildiz F. 2015. Biofilm Matrix Proteins, p 201-222. In Ghannoum M, Parsek M, Whiteley M, Mukherjee P (ed), Microbial Biofilms, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014
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Figures

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Figure 1

Colony morphology of rugose variant and mutant strains unable to produce RbmA, RbmC, and Bap1 matrix proteins. Bar = 0.5 mm. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014.f1

Citation: Fong J, Yildiz F. 2015. Biofilm Matrix Proteins, p 201-222. In Ghannoum M, Parsek M, Whiteley M, Mukherjee P (ed), Microbial Biofilms, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Domain organization of RbmA, Bap1, and RbmC. FnIII, fibronectin type III; VCBS, repeat; FG-GAP, phenyl-alanyl-glycyl (FG) and glycyl-alanyl-prolyl (GAP). doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014.f2

Citation: Fong J, Yildiz F. 2015. Biofilm Matrix Proteins, p 201-222. In Ghannoum M, Parsek M, Whiteley M, Mukherjee P (ed), Microbial Biofilms, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014
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Figure 3

Domain organization of Bap and BapA. EF-hand calcium-binding motifs EF1 to 4 in Bap are indicated. LPxTG is the cell-wall anchoring motif. The repeats in the core regions of BapA share 29% identity with the C repeats of Bap. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014.f3

Citation: Fong J, Yildiz F. 2015. Biofilm Matrix Proteins, p 201-222. In Ghannoum M, Parsek M, Whiteley M, Mukherjee P (ed), Microbial Biofilms, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Members of the Bap family

Citation: Fong J, Yildiz F. 2015. Biofilm Matrix Proteins, p 201-222. In Ghannoum M, Parsek M, Whiteley M, Mukherjee P (ed), Microbial Biofilms, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0004-2014

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