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Chatper 15 : Human Travel

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Human Travel, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter documents various infections caused by microorganisms and viruses that occured to humans in the past while travelling by local travel, ships, seaports and aircraft. Rural residents visiting cities are at risk of respiratory tract infections and sexually transmitted infections (STI). Urban residents visiting the countryside are at risk of vector-borne or environmental infections. At the end of the nineteenth century, steamboats carried infected rats and their fleas port-to-port, contributing to the spread the third plague pandemic. Frequent complaints by travelers to tropical countries are diarrhea, fever, skin conditions (pyoderma, tinea, cutaneous larva migrans, bites from arthropods or vertebrates, and itch), and STI. Travelers from nonendemic areas of the United States, Australia, and Europe have become infected while visiting endemic areas in the southwestern United States and Mexico. By serology and skin test, paracoccidioidomycosis was diagnosed in three German adventure travelers who spent 4 weeks in Brazil; accomodations included shacks, and foods included hunted monkeys and birds. Exposure can result from ingestion (drinking water and foods), inhalation (droplets from people and dust), inoculation (unsafe injections, tattooing, and injection drug use), or contact (unsafe sex, freshwater, and rodentinfested domiciles).

Citation: Stürchler D. 2006. Human Travel, p 395-425. In Exposure. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817510.ch15

Key Concept Ranking

Rift Valley fever virus
0.51582223
Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
0.4674684
Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
0.45672178
Infection and Immunity
0.43407604
Skin Infections
0.4249874
Gastrointestinal Diseases
0.41913125
0.51582223
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References

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Tables

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Table 15.1

Risk of SARS transmission during commercial flight

Citation: Stürchler D. 2006. Human Travel, p 395-425. In Exposure. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817510.ch15

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