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Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin

Editor: Frank M. Aarestrup1
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Affiliations: 1: Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
Content Type: Monograph
Format: Electronic, Hardcover
Publication Year: 2006

Category: Bacterial Pathogenesis

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comprehensively examines the current research on antimicrobial resistance in the main veterinary and zoonotic pathogens, including resistance to disinfectants and metals used in agriculture. Providing a broad overview from a global perspective, this new volume is an important reference for students, researchers, public health experts, veterinarians, and anyone with an interest in resistant bacteria in animals.

Written by experts in the field of antimicrobial resistance, the early chapters provide information on modes of action of antibiotics and mechanisms of bacterial resistance, in addition to exploring the history of antimicrobial use in agriculture. Several chapters are devoted to examination of antimicrobial resistance in specific bacteria, including: the family , species of , pathogenic , staphylococci, steptococci, and . Also detailed are phenotypic and molecular methods for susceptibility testing, regulatory mechanisms for usage of antibiotics, and methods for monitoring drug usage and resistance.

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Doody Enterprises

14 August 2013

At A Glance

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin comprehensively examines the current research on antimicrobial resistance in the main veterinary and zoonotic pathogens, including resistance to disinfectants and metals used in agriculture. Providing a broad overview from a global perspective, this new volume is an important reference for students, researchers, public health experts, veterinarians, and anyone with an interest in resistant bacteria in animals.

Written by experts in the field of antimicrobial resistance, the early chapters provide information on modes of action of antibiotics and mechanisms of bacterial resistance, in addition to exploring the history of antimicrobial use in agriculture. Several chapters are devoted to examination of antimicrobial resistance in specific bacteria, including: the family Pasteurellaceae, species of Campylobacter, pathogenic Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, and Enterococcus. Also detailed are phenotypic and molecular methods for susceptibility testing, regulatory mechanisms for usage of antibiotics, and methods for monitoring drug usage and resistance.

Description

This is a timely publication on a current issue of human and animal socioeconomic significance -- antimicrobial agents commonly used for prophylactic and therapeutic indications in animals. It presents comprehensive data from international experts from Europe, Australia, and the U.S.

Purpose

The book details a systematic analysis of mechanisms of action and the genesis of antimicrobial resistance at the cultural and molecular level including elements of the epidemiology of resistance acquisition and transfer. The impact of indiscriminate and suboptimal use of antimicrobial agents is discussed well, particularly in veterinary therapeutics and prophylaxis.

Audience

The scope of the book means it does not adequately address use of related compounds in human healthcare delivery, but readers can garner sufficient background to extrapolate veterinary data to the human health situation and vice versa.

Features

The authors remind readers that antimicrobial use is ancient, as shown by the Egyptian cover photograph. However, there are no major contributors from third world countries where antimicrobial resistance could have an enormous impact of global significance. This is a major oversight, considering the high level of epidemics likely to occur in third world countries where antimicrobial agents would be indicated and from where antimicrobial resistance could spread to the rest of the world through trade and tourism. Unfortunately, this book may not be affordable in those countries. Hopefully it will be available online sometime in the near future.

Assessment

Regardless, this book is recommended for public libraries, private collections, veterinary and medical institutions, and regulatory agencies. It is also a useful resource for research and policy formulation. Experiences gained from Scandinavian countries are a shining example of how antimicrobial resistance can be controlled through rational antimicrobial use. Close to 20 percent of the contributors are directly or indirectly associated with Scandinavian countries.

Doody Enterprises

Reviewer: Ibulaimu KAKOMA, DVM PHD (University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine)

Review Date: Unknown

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