1887

Chapter 15 : The Genus Morganella

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

The Genus Morganella, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817541/9781555813420_Chap15-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817541/9781555813420_Chap15-2.gif

Abstract:

In 1906, Morgan described a group of bacteria that were associated with cases of infantile gastroenteritis that we now recognize as belonging to the genus . Only recently have phylogenetic trees based upon 16S rRNA gene sequences been published which include the genus . As expected, 16S rRNA sequence data indicate that, regardless of method employed (neighbor joining or parsimony), the genus clusters with other taxa traditionally associated with the tribe Proteeae, including and . Several biochemical properties are uniquely associated with the genus and related tribe members or are rarely encountered in other genera within the . Various serologic schemes for have been proposed based upon the presence of somatic (O), flagellar (H), and capsular antigens. strains produce very few extracellular enzymatic activities. Of these, elaboration of a beta-hemolysin is probably the most attractive candidate at present as a reputed virulence factor. Ureases promote the alkalinization of urine, leading to crystal formation and encrustation. This subsequently develops into catheter-associated obstructions. strains multiply quicker and produce alkaline conditions faster in urine than does .

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15

Key Concept Ranking

Gram-Negative Bacilli
0.5192186
Traveler's Diarrhea
0.5017917
Outer Membrane Proteins
0.4861107
Morganella morganii
0.45390385
16s rRNA Sequencing
0.4506305
0.5192186
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

Figures

Image of Figure 1
Figure 1

Colonial dissociants of on salmonella-shigella agar.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Susceptibility of isolates to tetracycline, as determined by AB Biodisk E test (Remel, Lenexa, Kans.). Tetracycline susceptibility is linked to biogroups (C, E, and F) and subspecies (a majority of subsp. isolates are tetracycline resistant).

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817541.chap15
1. Adler, J. L.,, J. P. Burke,, D. F. Martin,, and M. Finland. 1971. Proteus infections in a general hospital. I. Biochemical characteristics and antibiotic susceptibility of the organisms, with special reference to proticine typing and the Dienes phenomenon. Ann. Intern. Med. 75: 517 530.
2. Åhrén, C. M.,, M. Jertborn,, L. Herclik,, B. Kaijser,, and A. M. Svennerholm. 1990. Infection with bacterial enteropathogens in Swedish travellers to South-East Asia—a prospective study. Epidemiol. Infect. 105: 325 333.
3. Arranz-Caso, J. A.,, L. M. Cuadrado-Gomez,, J. Romanik- Cabrera,, and J. Garcia-Tena. 1996. Pyomyositis caused by Morganella morganii in a patient with AIDS. Clin. Infect. Dis. 22: 372 373.
4. Bagel, J.,, and M. E. Grossman. 1985. Hemorrhagic bullae associated with Morganella morganii septicemia . J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 12: 575 576.
5. Bangert, R. L.,, A. C. S. Ward,, E. H. Stauber,, B. R. Cho,, and P. R. Widders. 1988. A survey of the aerobic bacteria in the feces of captive raptors. Avian Dis. 32: 53 62.
6. Biedenbach, D. J.,, R. N. Jones,, and M. E. Erwin. 1993. Interpretive accuracy of the disk diffusion method for testing newer orally administered cephalosporins against Morganella morganii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 2828 2830.
7. Blaylock, R. S. M. 2001. Normal oral bacterial flora from some southern African snakes. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 68: 175 182.
8. Bohnert, J.,, B. Hübner,, and K. Botzenhart. 2000. Rapid identification of Enterobacteriaceae using a novel 23S rRNAtargeted oligonucleotide probe. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 203: 77 82.
9. Boussemart, T.,, S. Piet-Duroux,, M. Manouana,, M. Azi,, J. M. Perez,, and M. Port-Lis. 2004. Morganella morganii and earlyonset neonatal infections. Arch. Pediatr. 11: 37 39.
10. Brenner, D. J.,, J. J. Farmer III,, G. R. Fanning,, A. G. Steigerwalt,, P. Klykken,, H. G. Wathen,, F. W. Hickmann,, and W. H. Ewing. 1976. Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness of Proteus and Providencia species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 28: 269 282.
11. Cafferkey, M. T.,, T. F. Buckley,, and C. A. O’Morain. 1988. Association of reactive arthropathy and Morganella morganii cross reacting with Yersinia enterocolitica. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 20: 439 442.
12. Carmona, F.,, F. Fábregues,, R. Alvarez,, J. Vila,, and V. Cararach. 1992. A rare case of chorioamnionitis by Morganella morganii complicated by septicemia and adult respiratory distress syndrome. Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 45: 67 70.
13. Cassanova-Román, A. Sanchez-Porto, and M. Cassanova- Bellido. 2002. Early-onset neonatal sepsis caused by vertical transmission of Morganella morganii. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 34: 534 535.
14. Choi, J.-H.,, J.-Y. Park,, Y.-K. Kim,, E. Kim,, and D.-Y. Kim. 2002. Morganelliasis pneumonia in a captive jaguar. J. Wildl. Dis. 38: 199 201.
15. Cockerill, F. R., III,, J. G. Hughes,, E. A. Vetter,, R. A. Mueller,, A. L. Weaver,, D. M. Ilstrup,, J. E. Rosenblatt,, and W. R. Wilson. 1997. Analysis of 281,797 consecutive blood cultures performed over an eight-year period: trends in microorganisms isolated and the value of anaerobic culture of blood. Clin. Infect. Dis. 24: 403 418.
16. Cornelis, G.,, M. van Bouchaute,, and G. Wauters. 1981. Plasmid-encoded lysine decarboxylation in Proteus morganii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 14: 365 369.
17. Costas, M.,, B. Holmes,, and A. C. Wood. 1990. Numerical analysis of electrophoretic protein patterns of Morganella morganii strains from faeces, wound, urine and other clinical sources. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 69: 426 438.
18. Cunningham, E. T., Jr.,, J. P. Whitcher,, and R. Y. Kim. 1997. Morganella morganii postoperative endophthalmitis. Br. J. Ophthalmol. 81: 170 171.
19. Dauga, C. 2002. Evolution of the gyrB gene and the molecular phylogeny of Enterobacteriaceae: a model molecule for molecular systematic studies . Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52: 531 547.
20. Del Pozo, J.,, J. García-Silva,, W. Martínez,, R. Nicolas,, and E. Fonseca. 1998. Ecthyma gangrenosum-like eruption associated with Morganella morganii infection. Br. J. Dermatol. 139: 520 521.
21. Draper, C. S.,, D. A. Walker,, and H. E. Lawler. 1981. Patterns of oral bacterial infection in captive snakes. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 179: 1223 1226.
22. Drechsel, H.,, A. Thieken,, R. Reissbrodt,, G. Jung,, and G. Winkelmann. 1993. α-Keto acids are novel siderophores in the genera Proteus, Providencia, and Morganella and are produced by amino acid deaminases. J. Bacteriol. 175: 2727 2733.
23. Eberspächer, B.,, F. Hugo,, M. Pohl,, and S. Bhakdi. 1990. Functional similarity between the haemolysins of Escherichia coli and Morganella morganii. J. Med. Microbiol. 33: 165 170.
24. Ehrenkranz, N. J.,, B. C. Alfonso,, D. G. Eckert,, and L. B. Moskowitz. 1989. Proteeae species bacteriuria accompanying Proteeae species groin skin carriage in geriatric outpatients. J. Clin. Microbiol. 27: 1988 1991.
25. Emödy, L.,, S. Vörös,, and T. Pál. 1982. Alpha-haemolysin, a possible virulence factor in Proteus morganii. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 13: 329 331.
26. Ewing, E. H. 1986. Edwards and Ewing’s Identification of Enterobacteriaceae, 4th ed. Elsevier, New York, N.Y.
27. Farmer, J. J. III,,, B. R. Davis,, F. W. Hickman-Brenner,, A. McWhorter,, G. P. Huntley-Carter,, M. A. Asbury,, C. Riddle,, H. G. Wathen-Grady,, C. Elias,, G. R. Fanning,, A. G. Steigerwalt,, C. M. O’Hara,, G. K. Morris,, P. B. Smith,, and D. J. Brenner. 1985. Biochemical identification of new species and biogroups of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol. 21: 46 76.
28. Fulton, M. 1943. The identity of Bacterium columbensis Castellani. J. Bacteriol. 46: 79 82.
29. Funke, G.,, D. Monnet,, C. deBernardis,, A. von Graevenitz,, and J. Freney. 1998. Evaluation of the VITEK 2 system for rapid identification of medically relevant gram-negative rods. J. Clin. Microbiol. 36: 1948 1952.
30. Gautam, V.,, V. Gupta,, R. M. Joshi,, G. Sawhney,, and S. Duhan. 2003. Morganella morganii-associated arthritis in a diabetic patient. J. Clin. Microbiol. 41: 3451.
31. Gebhart-Mueller, E. Y.,, P. Mueller,, and B. Nixon. 1998. Unusual case of postoperative infection caused by Morganella morganii. J. Foot Ankle Surg. 37: 145 147.
32. Goldstein, E. J. C.,, E. O. Agyare,, A. E. Vagvolgyi,, and M. Halpern. 1981. Aerobic bacterial oral flora of garter snakes: development of normal flora and pathogenic potential for snakes and humans. J. Clin. Microbiol 13: 954 956.
33. Gordon, D. M.,, and F. FitzGibbon. 1999. The distribution of enteric bacteria from Australian mammals: host and geographical effects . Microbiology 145: 2663 2671.
34. Heard, D. J.,, E. R. Jacobson,, R. E. Clemmons,, and G. A. Campbell. 1988. Bacteremia and septic arthritis in a West African crocodile. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 192: 1453 1454.
35. Hengstler, K. A.,, R. Hamman,, and A.-M. Fahr. 1997. Evaluation of BBL CHROMagar orientation medium for detection and presumptive identification of urinary tract pathogens. J. Clin. Microbiol. 35: 2773 2777.
36. Hickman, F. W.,, J. J. Farmer III,, A. G. Steigerwalt,, and D. J. Brenner. 1980. Unusual groups of Morganella (“ Proteus”) morganii isolated from clinical specimens: lysine-positive and ornithine-negative biogroups. J. Clin. Microbiol. 12: 88 94.
37. Holmes, B.,, M. Costas,, M. Ganner,, S. L. W. On,, and M. Stevens. 1994. Evaluation of Biolog system for identification of some gram-negative bacteria of clinical importance. J. Clin. Microbiol. 32: 1970 1975.
38. Igari, J.,, Y. Hayashi,, S. Shitara,, M. Shitara,, K. Yoshimoto,, Y. Ohmizu,, M. Umetsu,, J. Sasaki,, R. Kawana,, T. Yoshida,, Y. Yamazaki,, H. Yoshida,, K. Narita,, S. Toyoshima,, T. Mori,, A. Takahashi,, Y. Ishikawa,, S. Ooe,, R. Ohta,, R. Fukushima,, W. Murakami,, M. Aihara,, M. Kuwabara,, F. Hamanaka,, S. Hayashida,, K. Negayama,, M. Kagawa,, H. Miyako,, M. Kaku,, K. Sugawara,, S. Ohtaki,, and M. Shimada. 1993. Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the Proteeae in Japan, 1989. Jpn. J. Antibiot. 46: 285 294.
39. Isobe, H.,, K. Motomura,, K. Kotou,, H. Sakai,, M. Satoh,, and H. Nawata. 1994. Spontaneous bacterial empyema and peritonitis caused by Morganella morganii. J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 18: 87 88.
40. Janda, J. M.,, and S. L. Abbott,. 2005. Genus XXI. Morganella Fulton, 1943, 81 AL, p. 707 709. In D. J. Brenner,, N. Krieg,, J. T. Staley,, and G. Garrity (ed.), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y.
41. Janda, J. M.,, S. L. Abbott,, S. Khashe,, and T. Robin. 1996. Biochemical investigations of biogroups and subspecies of Morganella morganii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 34: 108 113.
42. Jensen, K. T.,, W. M. Frederiksen,, F. W. Hickman-Brenner,, A. G. Steigerwalt,, C. F. Riddle,, and D. J. Brenner. 1992. Recognition of Morganella subspecies, with proposal of Morganella morganii subsp. morganii subsp. nov. and Morganella morganii subsp. sibonii subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 42: 613 620.
43. Johnson, J. R.,, and M. Feingold. 1998. Case of chorioamnionitis in an immunocompetent woman caused by Morganella morganii. J. Matern. Fetal Med. 7: 13 14.
44. Jones, R. N.,, E. N. Kehrberg,, M. E. Erwin,, S. C. Anderson, and the Fluoroquinolone Resistance Surveillance Group. 1994. Prevalence of important pathogens and antimicrobial activity of parenteral drugs at numerous medical centers in the United States. I. Study on the threat of emerging resistances: real or perceived? Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 19: 203 215.
45. Jossart, M.-F.,, and R. J. Coucol. 1999. Evaluation of an automated system for identification of Enterobaceriaceae and nonfermenting bacilli. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 18: 902 907.
46. Kelly, M. T.,, and C. Leicester. 1992. Evaluation of the Autoscan Walkaway system for rapid identification and susceptibility testing of gram-negative bacilli. J. Clin. Microbiol. 30: 1568 1571.
47. Kim, B.-N.,, N. J. Kim,, M. N. Kim,, Y. S. Kim,, J.-H. Woo,, and J. Ryu. 2003. Bacteraemia due to tribe Proteeae: a review of 132 cases during a decade (1991-2000). Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 35: 98 103.
48. Kim, S.-H.,, H. An,, K. G. Field,, C.-I. Wei,, J. B. Velazquez,, B. Ben-Gigirey,, M. T. Morrissey,, R. J. Price,, and T. P. Pitta. 2003. Detection of Morganella morganii, a prolific histamine former, by the polymerase chain reaction assay with 16S rDNA-targeted primers. J. Food Prot. 66: 1385 1392.
49. Kim, S.-H.,, K. G. Field,, D.-S. Chang,, C.-I. Wei,, and H. An. 2001. Identification of bacteria crucial to histamine accumulation in pacific mackerel during storage. J. Food Prot. 64: 1556 1564.
50. Koronakis, V.,, M. Cross,, B. Senior,, E. Koronakis,, and C. Hughes. 1987. The secreted hemolysins of Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, and Morganella morganii are genetically related to each other and to the alpha-hemolysin of Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 169: 1509 1515.
51. Kurtz, B.,, I. Michaels,, D. Kim,, and J. Mattana. 1994. Urosepsis from an atypical pathogen in a patient with babesiosis. Ann. Emerg. Med. 24: 1199.
52. Le Minor, L. L.,, and C. Coynault. 1976. Determinive plasmidique du caractère atypique lactose positif de Enterobacter hafniae et de Proteus morganii. Ann. Microbiol. (Paris) 127A: 213 221.
53. López-Sabater, E. I.,, J. J. Rodriguez-Jerez,, A. X. Roig-Sagués,, and M. A. T. Mora-Ventura. 1994. Bacteriological quality of tuna fish ( Thunnus thynnus) destined for canning: effect of tuna handling on presence of histidine decarboxylase bacteria and histamine level. J. Food Prot. 57: 318 323.
54. Lorca, T. A.,, T. M. Gingerich,, M. D. Pierson,, G. J. Flick,, C. R. Hackney,, and S. S. Sumner. 2001. Growth and histamine formation of Morganella morganii in determining the safety and quality of inoculated and uninoculated bluefish ( Pomatomus saltatrix). J. Food Prot. 6 4: 2015 2019.
55. Maheshwari, A.,, S. Dutta,, P. Kumar,, and A. Narang. 2001. Early onset mixed Morganella and Klebsiella sepsis in a neonate. Indian J. Pediatr. 68: 671 672.
56. Markowitz, S. M., 1986. Urinary tract specimens, p. 523 592. In H. P. Dalton, and H. C. Nottebart, Jr. (ed.), Interpretive Medical Microbiology. Churchill Livingstone, New York, N.Y.
57. Mastroianni, A.,, O. Coronado,, and F. Chiodo. 1994. Morganella morganii meningitis in a patient with AIDS. J. Infect. 29: 356 357. (Letter.)
58. McDermott, C.,, and J. M. Mylotte. 1984. Morganella morganii: epidemiology of bacteremic disease. Infect. Control 5: 131 137.
59. Mobley, H. L. T,, and J. W. Warren. 1987. Urease-positive bacteriuria and obstruction of long-term urinary catheters. J. Clin. Microbiol. 25: 2216 2217.
60. Müller, H. E. 1986. Occurrence and pathogenic role of Morganella- Proteus-Providencia group bacteria in human feces. J. Clin. Microbiol. 23: 404 405.
61. Murphey, D. K.,, E. J. Septimus,, and D. C. Waagner. 1992. Catfish-related injury and infection: report of two cases and review of the literature. Clin. Infect. Dis. 14: 689 693.
62. Navon-Venezia, S.,, O. Hammer-Munz,, D. Schwartz,, D. Turner,, B. Kuzmenko,, and Y. Carmeli. 2003. Occurrence and phenotypic characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamases among members of the family Enterobacteriaceae at the Tel- Aviv medical center (Israel) and evaluation of diagnostics tests. J. Clin. Microbiol. 41: 155 158.
63.. Novak, S. S.,, and R. A. Seigel. 1986. Gram-negative septicemia in American alligators ( Alligator mississippiensis). J. Wildl. Dis. 22: 484 487.
64. O’Hara, C. M.,, F. W. Brenner,, and J. M. Miller. 2000. Classification, identification, and clinical significance of Proteus, Providencia, and Morganella. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 13: 534 546.
65. O’Hara, C. M.,, F. C. Tenover,, and J. M. Miller. 1993. Parallel comparison of accuracy of API 20E, Vitek GNI, MicroScan Walk/Away Rapid ID, and Becton Dickinson Cobas Micro IDE/ NF for identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and common gram-negative, non-glucose-fermenting bacilli. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 3165 3169.
66. O’Hara, C. M.,, G. L. Westbrook,, and J. M. Miller. 1997. Evaluation of the Vitek GNI+ and Becton Dickinson Microbiology Systems Crystal E/NF identification systems for identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and other gram-negative, glucose-fermenting and non-glucosefermenting bacilli. J. Clin. Microbiol. 35: 3269 3273.
67. Ohkusu, K. 2000. Cost-effective and rapid presumptive identification of gram-negative bacilli in routine urine, pus, and stool cultures: evaluation of the use of CHROMagar orientation medium in conjunction with simple biochemical tests. J. Clin. Microbiol. 38: 4586 4592.
68. Penner, J. L., 1981. The tribe Proteeae, p. 1204 1224. In M. P. Starr,, H. Stolp,, H. G. Truper,, A. Balows,, and H. G. Schlegel (ed.), The Prokaryotes: a Handbook on Habitats, Isolation, and Identification of Bacteria, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
69. Penner, J. L., 1991. The genera Proteus, Providencia, and Morganella, p. 2849 2862. In A. Balows,, H. G. Trüper,, M. Dworkin,, W. Harder,, and K.-H. Schleifer (ed.), The Prokaryotes: a Handbook on the Biology of Bacteria. Ecophysiology, Isolation, Identification, Applications, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
70. Penner, J. L.,, and J. N. Hennessy. 1979. O antigen grouping of Morganella morganii ( Proteus morganii) by slide agglutination. J. Clin. Microbiol. 10: 8 13.
71. Pfaller, M. A.,, D. Sahm,, C. O’Hara,, C. Ciaglia,, M. Yu,, N. Yamane,, G. Scharnweber,, and D. Rhoden. 1991. Comparison of the AutoSCAN-W/A rapid bacterial identification system and the Vitek AutoMicrobic system for identification of gram-negative bacilli. J. Clin. Microbiol. 29: 1422 1428.
72. Piccolomini, R.,, L. Cellini,, N. Allocati,, A. di Girolamo,, and G. Ravagnan. 1987. Comparative in vitro activities of 13 antimicrobial agents against Morganella-Proteus-Providencia group bacteria from urinary tract infections. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 31: 1644 1647.
73. Pignato, S.,, G. M. Giammanco,, F. Grimont,, P. A. D. Grimont,, and G. Giammanco. 1999. Molecular characterization of the genera Proteus, Morganella, and Providencia by ribotyping. J. Clin. Microbiol. 37: 2840 2847.
74. Poirel, L.,, M. Guibert,, D. Girlich,, T. Naas,, and P. Nordmann. 1999. Cloning, sequence analyses, expression, and distribution of ampC-ampR from Morganella morganii clinical isolates. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 43: 769 776.
75. Polster, M.,, and M. Svobodová. 1964. Production of reddish-brown pigment from dl-tryptophan by enterobacteria of the Proteus-Providencia group. Experientia 20: 637 638.
76. Pomeranz, A.,, Z. Korzets,, A. Eliakim,, M. Pomeranz,, Y. Uziel,, and B. Wolach. 1997. Relapsing Henoch-Schönlein purpura associated with a tubo-ovarian abscess due to Morganella morganii. Am. J. Nephrol. 17: 471 473.
77. Power, P.,, M. Radice,, C. Barberis,, C. de Mier,, M. Mollerach,, M. Maltagliatti,, C. Vay,, A. Famiglietti,, and G. Gutkind. 1999. Cefotaxime-hydrolyzing beta lactamases in Morganella morganii. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 18: 743 747.
78. Prosser, B. L. T.,, and G. Beskid. 1995. Multicenter in vitro comparative study of fluoroquinolones against 25,129 gram-positive and gram-negative clinical isolates. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 21: 33 45.
79. Ranu, S. S.,, G. B. Valencia,, and S. Piecuch. 1999. Fatal early onset infection in an extremely low birth weight infant due to Morganella morganii. J. Perinatol. 19: 533 535.
80. Rau, C.-S.,, W.-N. Chang,, Y.-C. Lin,, C.-H. Lu,, P.-C. Liliang,, T.-M. Su,, Y.-D. Tsai,, C.-J. Chang,, P.-Y. Lee,, M.-W. Lin,, and B.-C. Cheng. 2002. Brain abscess caused by aerobic gram-negative bacilli: clinical features and therapeutic outcomes. Clin. Neurol. Neurosurg. 105: 60 65.
81. Rauss, K. F. 1936. The systematic position of Morgan’s bacillus . J. Pathol. Bacteriol. 42: 183 192.
82. Rauss, K.,, and S. Vörös. 1959. The biochemical and serological properties of Proteus morganii. Acta Microbiol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 6: 233 248.
83. Rodriguez-Jerez, J. J.,, M. T. Mora-Ventura,, E. I. Lopez-Sabater,, and M. Hernandez-Herrero. 1994. Histidine, lysine and ornithine decarboxylase bacteria in Spanish salted semipreserved anchovies. J. Food Prot. 57: 784 791.
84. Rowen, J. L.,, and S. M. Lopez. 1998. Morganella morganii early onset sepsis. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 17: 1176 1177.
85. Salen, P. N.,, and S. Eppes. 1997. Morganella morganii: a newly reported, rare cause of neonatal sepsis. Acad. Emerg. Med. 4: 711 714.
86. Samonis, G.,, M. Anatoliotaki,, H. Apostolakou,, J. Souglakos,, and V. Georgoulias. 2001. Fatal septicemia and meningitis due to Morganella morganii in a patient with Hodgkin’s disease . Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 33: 553 555.
87. Scarparo, C.,, P. Piccoli,, P. Ricordi,, and M. Scagnelli. 2002. Comparative evaluation of two commercial chromogenic media for detection and presumptive identification of urinary tract pathogens. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 21: 283 289.
88. Schonwetter, R. S.,, and F. M. Orson. 1988. Chronic Morganella morganii arthritis in an elderly patient. J. Clin. Microbiol. 26: 1414 1415.
89. Senior, B. W. 1983. Proteus morganii is less frequently associated with urinary tract infections than Proteus mirabilis—an explanation. J. Med. Microbiol. 16: 317 322.
90. Senior, B. W. 1997. Media and tests to simplify the recognition and identification of members of the Proteeae. J. Med. Microbiol. 46: 39 44.
91. Senior, B. W.,, and S. Vörös. 1989. Discovery of new morganocin types of Morganella morganii strains of diverse serotype and the apparent independence of bacteriocin type from serotype of strains. J. Med. Microbiol. 29: 89 93.
92. Senior, B. W.,, and S. Vörös. 1990. Protein profile typing—a new method of typing Morganella morganii strains. J. Med. Microbiol. 33: 259 264.
93. Sheth, N. K.,, and V. P. Kurup. 1975. Evaluation of tyrosine medium for the identification of Enterobacteriaceae. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1: 483 485.
94. Siboni, K. 1976. Correlation of the characters fermentation of trehalose, non-transmissable resistance to tetracycline, and relatively long flagellar wavelength in Proteus morganii. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. B 84: 421 427.
95. Sica, S.,, A. Di Mario,, P. Salutari,, G. d’Onofrio,, A. Antionori,, P. Chiusolo,, and G. Leone. 1995. Morganella morganii pericarditis after resolvent splenectomy for immune pancytopenia following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Clin. Infect. Dis. 21: 1052 1053.
96. Søgaard, H.,, C. Zimmermann-Nielsen,, and K. Siboni. 1974. Antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacilli in a urological ward for male patients during a nine-year period: relationship to antibiotic consumption. J. Infect. Dis. 130: 646 650.
97. Stamm, W. E. 1991. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and prevention. Am. J. Med. 91( Suppl. 3B): 65S 71S.
98. Stock, I.,, and B. Wiedemann. 1998. Identification and natural antibiotic susceptibility of Morganella morganii. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 30: 153 165.
99. Thaller, M. C.,, F. Berlutti,, F. Pantanella,, R. Pompei,, and G. Satta. 1992. Modified MacConkey medium which allows simple identification of Providencia stuartii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 30: 2054 2057.
100. Thornton, S. M.,, S. Nolan,, and F. M. D. Gulland. 1998. Bacterial isolates from California sea lions ( Zalophus californianus), harbor seals ( Phoca vitulina), and northern elephant seals ( Mirounga angustirostris) admitted to a rehabilitation center along the central California coast, 1994-1995. J. Wildl. Dis. 29: 171 176.
101. Tierno, P. M.,, and P. Steinberg. 1975. Isolation and characterization of a lactose-positive strain of Proteus morganii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1: 108 109.
102. Tsai, W.-C.,, and L.-K. Chang. 2002. Morganella morganii causing solitary liver abscess complicated by pyopericardium and left pleural effusion in a nondiabetic patient. J. Microbiol. Immunol. Infect. 35: 191 194.
103. Tsanaktsidis, G.,, S. A. Agarwal,, A. J. Maloof,, J. Chandra,, and P. Mitchell. 2003. Postoperative Morganella morganii endophthalmitis associated with subclinical urinary tract infection. J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 29: 1011 1013.
104. Tucci, V.,, and H. D. Isenberg. 1981. Hospital cluster epidemic with Morganella morganii. J. Clin. Microbiol. 14: 563 566.
105. Urbanová, E. 1999. Selective medium for the primary isolation of members of the tribe Proteeae. Folia Microbiol. 44: 629 634.
106. Vasyurenko, Z. P.,, and Y. N. H. Chernyavskaya. 1990. Confirmation of Morganella distinction from Proteus and Providencia among Enterobacteriaceae on the basis of cellular and lipopolysaccharide fatty acid composition. J. Hyg. Epidemiol. Microbiol. Immunol. 34: 81 90.
107. Verboon-Maciolek, M.,, W. P. Vandertop,, A. C. B. Peters,, J. J. Roord,, and S. P. M. Geelen. 1995. Neonatal brain abscess caused by Morganella morganii. Clin. Infect. Dis. 20: 471.
108. Vila, J.,, J. Rullan,, and M. T. Jiminez de Anta. 1991. Rapid detection of urinary tract infection caused by Escherichia coli and Proteeae species. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 10: 922 926.
109. von Graevenitz, A.,, and H. Spector. 1969. Observations on indol-positive Proteus. Yale J. Biol. Med. 14: 434 445.
110. Vörös, S.,, and B. W. Senior. 1990. New O antigens of Morganella morganii and the relationships between haemolysin production, O antigens and morganocin types of strains. Acta Microbiol. Hung. 37: 341 349.
111. Warren, J. W. 1987. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Infect. Dis. Clin. North Am. 1: 823 854.
112. Warren, J. W.,, J. H. Tenney,, J. M. Hoopes,, H. L. Muncie,, and W. C. Anthony. 1982. A prospective microbiologic study of bacteriuria in patients with chronic indwelling urethral catheters. J. Infect. Dis. 146: 719 723.
113. Williams, E. W.,, P. M. Hawkey,, J. L. Penner,, B. W. Senior,, and L. J. Barton. 1983. Serious nosocomial infection caused by Morganella morganii and Proteus mirabilis in a cardiac surgery unit. J. Clin. Microbiol. 18: 5 9.
114. Young, G. M.,, D. Amid,, and V. L. Miller. 1996. A bifunctional urease enhances survival of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica and Morganella morganii at low pH. J. Bacteriol. 178: 6487 6495.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Current taxonomic status of the genus

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Generic image for table
Table 2

Cases of neonatal sepsis associated with infection

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Generic image for table
Table 3

Selected studies of the recovery of (PMP group) from contaminated samples

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Generic image for table
Table 4

Distinguishing phenotypic properties of the PMP group

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Generic image for table
Table 5

Biogroups of

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15
Generic image for table
Table 6

Susceptibility of to selected antimicrobial agents

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus Morganella, p 261-278. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch15

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error