Chapter 16 : The Genus

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In 1962, Ewing formally proposed establishing the genus to include various strains and biogroups previously classified in the Providence group. Two species were recognized, namely, (formerly Providence subgroup A) and (Providence subgroup B). In 1978, Brenner and associates provided a detailed taxonomic assessment of current members of the genera and by using DNA reassociation kinetics. The major conclusion of this study was that three species should be recognized in the genus , namely, , , and . This study also found that a previous biogroup of represented a new but as-yet-unnamed species within the genus. spp. are uncommon causes of nosocomial infections, ranking low in incidence in causing hospital-acquired gram-negative bacterial illnesses in several national surveys. Clinical infections associated with the genus have been discussed in this chapter. Laboratory identification includes isolation, biogroups, molecular identification and immunodiagnostics have been discussed in the chapter. The literature regarding the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of providenciae is somewhat confusing. Many surveys have chosen to report all strains under the heading of “ spp.” rather than as individual species. Susceptibility of species to select antimicrobial agents is also discussed in the chapter.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16

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Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA
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Figure 1

Potential environmental reservoirs for . Boxes below each source indicate most common animals harboring providenciae.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
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Figure 2

isolate on heart infusion agar displaying opaque and translucent colony types.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
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Figure 3

Degradation of -tyrosine crystals by .

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
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Generic image for table
Table 1

Current composition of the genus

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
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Table 2

Outbreaks of gastroenteritis associated with

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 3

Clinical infections associated with the genus

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 4

bacteremia: clinical studies

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 5

Identification of species by commercial systems

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 6

Biogroups of

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 7

Biogroups of

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 8

Susceptibility of species to select antimicrobial agents

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16
Generic image for table
Table 9

Susceptibility of to ciprofloxacin

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 279-300. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch16

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