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Chapter 17 : The Genus

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Abstract:

A large international numerical taxonomy investigation of the family , identified a second cluster of edwardsiellae that were 95% similar to but had not been previously recognized. These strains were isolated were referred to in this study as ‘’ spp’’. They differed from typical in their ability to produce acid from the fermentation of sucrose and salicin. However, given the optimal growth temperature of the species (25°C) and its exclusive association with fish diseases, the identification of isolates as in this study is highly questionable. Bockemũhl and colleagues noted two age groups (infants and >50-year-old adults) prone to developing protracted courses of severe diarrheal disease caused by . All of the older adults in this study had bloody diarrhea with or without mucus, most had fever (70%), and three (42%) were dehydrated in one case, a 10-month-old girl succumbed to a malarial infection 1 month after admission to the hospital. Two fatal adult cases in this study involved a 63-year-old female and a 55-year-old male who presented with bloody diarrhea and dehydration. The major clinical features associated with published cases of bacteremia are listed in this chapter. There is good agreement in the literature that all strains, regardless of source or site of isolation, are susceptible to all groups of commonly administered antimicrobial agents used in the treatment of gram-negative bacillary infections.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17

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Figure 1

Sucrose-positive strain on triple sugar iron slant (left). Note the absence of HS production in the slant and butt. There is a copious amount of gas produced from sucrose fermentation, causing the agar to crack and separate. Same strain inoculated into cysteine-thiosulfate tube (right) showing HS production.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Invasion of HEp-2 cells by edwardsiellae. The image is taken from Janda et al. ( ).

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
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Image of Figure 3
Figure 3

Plasmid carriage in species. Note the range of high- and low-molecular-weight plasmids in both (Et) and (Eh) and the characteristic two low-molecular-weight plasmids in (Ei). inv, invasion phenotype.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Current species composition within the genus

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 2

Animal groups found to harbor

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 3

Anatomic sites of isolation of from selected studies

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 4

Studies of the role of edwardsiellae as causes of gastroenteritis

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 5

Selected characteristics of patients with septicemia

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 6

Puncture wounds or penetrating injuries associated with infection

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 7

and abscesses of the liver

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 8

Aberrant biochemical properties reported for strains

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 9

Biotypes of

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 10

Possible virulence factors operative in infections

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17

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