1887

Chapter 17 : The Genus

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Ebook: Choose a downloadable PDF or ePub file. Chapter is a downloadable PDF file. File must be downloaded within 48 hours of purchase

Buy this Chapter
Digital (?) $15.00

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

The Genus , Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817541/9781555813420_Chap17-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817541/9781555813420_Chap17-2.gif

Abstract:

A large international numerical taxonomy investigation of the family , identified a second cluster of edwardsiellae that were 95% similar to but had not been previously recognized. These strains were isolated were referred to in this study as ‘’ spp’’. They differed from typical in their ability to produce acid from the fermentation of sucrose and salicin. However, given the optimal growth temperature of the species (25°C) and its exclusive association with fish diseases, the identification of isolates as in this study is highly questionable. Bockemũhl and colleagues noted two age groups (infants and >50-year-old adults) prone to developing protracted courses of severe diarrheal disease caused by . All of the older adults in this study had bloody diarrhea with or without mucus, most had fever (70%), and three (42%) were dehydrated in one case, a 10-month-old girl succumbed to a malarial infection 1 month after admission to the hospital. Two fatal adult cases in this study involved a 63-year-old female and a 55-year-old male who presented with bloody diarrhea and dehydration. The major clinical features associated with published cases of bacteremia are listed in this chapter. There is good agreement in the literature that all strains, regardless of source or site of isolation, are susceptible to all groups of commonly administered antimicrobial agents used in the treatment of gram-negative bacillary infections.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17

Key Concept Ranking

Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA
0.43259797
Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
0.41752797
0.43259797
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

Figures

Image of Figure 1
Figure 1

Sucrose-positive strain on triple sugar iron slant (left). Note the absence of HS production in the slant and butt. There is a copious amount of gas produced from sucrose fermentation, causing the agar to crack and separate. Same strain inoculated into cysteine-thiosulfate tube (right) showing HS production.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Invasion of HEp-2 cells by edwardsiellae. The image is taken from Janda et al. ( ).

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Figure 3
Figure 3

Plasmid carriage in species. Note the range of high- and low-molecular-weight plasmids in both (Et) and (Eh) and the characteristic two low-molecular-weight plasmids in (Ei). inv, invasion phenotype.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817541.chap17
1. Abbott, S. L.,, and J. M. Janda,. 2001. Edwardsiella. In M. Dworkin,, S. Falkow,, E. Rosenberg,, K.-H. Schleifer,, and E. Stackebrandt (ed.), The Prokaryotes: an Evolving Electronic Resource for the Microbiological Community, 3rd ed. Springer- Verlag, New York, N.Y. http://141.150.157.117:8080/ prokPUB/index.htm.
2. Arambulo, P. V.,, N. C. Westerlund,, R. V. Sarmiento,, and A. S. Abaga. 1967. Isolation of Edwardsiella tarda: a new genus of Enterobacteriaceae from pig bile in the Philippines. Far East Med. J. 3:385386.
3. Ashford, R. U.,, P. D. Sargeant,, and G. D. Lum. 1998. Septic arthritis of the knee caused by Edwardsiella tarda after a catfish puncture wound. Med. J. Aust. 168:443444.
4. Bangert, R. L.,, A. C. S. Ward,, E. H. Stauber,, B. R. Cho,, and P. R. Widders. 1988. A survey of the aerobic bacteria in the feces of captive raptors. Avian Dis. 32:5362.
5. Banks, A. S. 1992. A puncture wound complicated by infection with Edwardsiella tarda. J. Am. Podiatr. Med. Assoc. 82:529531.
6. Baron, E. J. 1995. Using customer considerations to drive cost-effective practices in clinical microbiology. Clin. Microbiol. Newsl. 17:180184.
7. Bhat, P.,, R. M. Myers,, and K. P. Carpenter. 1967. Edwardsiella tarda in a study of juvenile diarrhoea. J. Hyg. Camb. 65:293298.
8. Bockemühl, J.,, V. Aleksic,, R. Wokatsch,, and S. Aleksic. 1983. Pathogenicity tests with strains of Edwardsiella tarda: detection of a heat-stable enterotoxin. Zentbl. Bakteriol. Hyg. Abt. I Orig. A 255:464471.
9. Bockemühl, J.,, R. Pan-Urai,, and F. Burkhardt. 1971. Edwardsiella tarda associated with human disease. Pathol. Microbiol. 37:393401.
10. Brenner, D. J., 1981. Introduction to the family Enterobacteriaceae, p. 11051127. In M. P. Starr,, H. Stolp,, H. G. Trüper,, A. Balows,, and H. G. Schlegel (ed.), The Prokaryotes: a Handbook on Habitats, Isolation, and Identification of Bacteria. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
11. Brenner, D. J.,, G. R. Fanning,, and A. G. Steigerwalt. 1974. Polynucleotide sequence relatedness in Edwardsiella tarda. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 24:186190.
12. Chamoiseau, G. 1967. Note sur le pouvior pathogene d’Edwardsiella tarda. Un cas de septicemie mortelle du pigeon. Rev. Élev. Med. Vét. Pays Trop. (Paris) 20:493495.
13. Chatty, H. B.,, and T. L. Gavan. 1968. Edwardsiella tarda—identification and clinical significance. Cleveland Clin. Q. 35: 223228.
14. Chen, J.-D.,, S.-Y. Lai,, and S.-L. Huang. 1996. Molecular cloning, characterization, and sequencing of the hemolysin gene from Edwardsiella tarda. Arch. Microbiol. 165:917.
15. Church, D. L.,, G. Cadrain,, A. Kabani,, T. Jadavji,, and C. Trevenen. 1995. Practice guidelines for ordering stool cultures in a pediatric population. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 103:149153.
16. Clark, R. B.,, P. D. Lister,, and J. M. Janda. 1991. In vitro susceptibilities of Edwardsiella tarda to 22 antibiotics and antibiotic-β-lactamase-inhibitor agents. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 14:173175.
17. Clarridge, J. E.,, D. M. Musher,, V. Fainstein,, and R. J. Wallace, Jr. 1980. Extraintestinal human infection caused by Edwardsiella tarda. J. Clin. Microbiol. 11:511514.
18. Cook, R. A.,, and J. P. Tappe. 1985. Chronic enteritis associated with Edwardsiella tarda infection in rockhopper penguins. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 187:12191220.
19. Coutlée, F.,, L. A. Saint-Jean,, and R. Plante. 1992. Infection with Edwardsiella tarda related to a vascular prosthesis. Clin. Infect. Dis. 14:621622.
20. Desenclos, J.-C. A.,, L. Conti,, S. Junejo,, and K. C. Klontz. 1990. A cluster of Edwardsiella tarda infection in a day-care center in Florida. J. Infect. Dis. 162:782783.
21. Ewing, W. H.,, A. C. McWhorter,, M. M. Ball,, and S. F. Bartes. 1967. The Biochemical Reactions of Edwardsiella tarda, a New Genus of Enterobacteriaceae, p. 18. U.S. Public Health Service; Bureau of Disease Prevention and Environmental Control, National Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Ga.
22. Ewing, W. H.,, A. C. McWhorter,, M. R. Escobar,, and A. H. Lubin. 1965. Edwardsiella, a new genus of Enterobacteriaceae based on a new species, E. tarda. Int. Bull. Nomencl. Taxon. 15:3338.
23. Farmer, J. J., III,, D. J. Brenner,, and W. A. Clark. 1976. Proposal to conserve the specific epithet tarda over the epithet anguillimortiferum in the name of the organism presently known as Edwardsiella tarda. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26: 293294.
24. Farmer, J. J.III,, B. R. Davis,, F. W. Hickman-Brenner,, A. McWhorter,, G. P. Huntley-Carter,, M. A. Asbury,, C. Riddle,, H. G. Wathen-Grady,, C. Elias,, G. R. Fanning,, A. G. Steigerwalt,, C. M. O’Hara,, G. K. Morris,, P. B. Smith,, and D. J. Brenner. 1985. Biochemical identification of new species and biogroups of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol. 21:4676.
25. Farmer, J. J. III,, and A. C. McWhorter,. 1984. Genus X. Edwardsiella Ewing and McWhorter 1965, 37AL, p. 486491. In N.R. Krieg, and J. G. Holt (ed.), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md.
26. Fernandez, D. H.,, L. Pittman-Cooley,, and R. L. Thune. 2001. Sequencing and analysis of the Edwardsiella ictaluri plasmids. Plasmid 45:5256.
27. Fournier, S.,, G. Pialoux,, V. Feuillie,, J. Fleury,, and B. Dupont. 1997. Edwardsiella tarda septicemia with cellulitis in a patient with AIDS. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 16:551552.
28. Funke, G.,, D. Monnet,, C. deBernardis,, A. von Graevenitz,, and J. Freney. 1998. Evaluation of the VITEK 2 system for rapid identification of medically relevant gram-negative rods. J. Clin. Microbiol. 36:19481952.
29. Gilman, R. H.,, M. Madasamy,, E. Gan,, M. Mariappan,, C. E. Davis,, and K. A. Kyser. 1971. Edwardsiella tarda in jungle diarrhoea and a possible association with Entamoeba histolytica. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Pub. Health 2:186189.
30. Goldstein, E. J. C.,, E. O. Agyare,, A. E. Vagvolgyi,, and M. Halpern. 1981. Aerobic bacterial oral flora of garter snakes: development of normal flora and pathogenic potential for snakes and humans. J. Clin. Microbiol. 13:954956.
31. Gonzalez, A. B.,, and E. H. Ruffolo. 1966. Edwardsiella tarda: etiologic agent in post-traumatic subgaleal abscess. South. Med. J. 59:340346.
32. Gordon, D. M.,, and F. FitzGibbon. 1999. The distribution of enteric bacteria from Australian mammals: host and geographical range. Microbiology 145:26632671.
33. Grimont, P. A. D.,, F. Grimont,, C. Richard,, and R. Sakazaki. 1980. Edwardsiella hoshinae, a new species of Enterobacteriaceae. Curr. Microbiol. 4:347351.
34. Hargreaves, J. E.,, and D. R. Lucey. 1990. Life-threatening Edwardsiella tarda soft-tissue infection associated with catfish puncture wound. J. Infect. Dis. 162:14161417.
35. Hawke, J. P.,, A. C. McWhorter,, A. G. Steigerwalt,, and D. J. Brenner. 1981. Edwardsiella ictaluri sp. nov., the causative agent of enteric septicemia of catfish. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 31:396400.
36. Hirono, I., Tange, N., and T. Aoki. 1997. Iron-regulated haemolysin gene from Edwardsiella tarda. Mol. Microbiol. 24:851856.
37. Hoshina, T. 1962. On a new bacterium, Paracolobactrum anguillimortiferum n. sp. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish 28:162164.
38. Hou, H.,, S. Li,, and N. Yu. 1999. Forty-seven cases of lower respiratory tract infections due to E. ictaluri. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 22:552554.
39. Iveson, J. B. 1971. Strontium chloride B and E.E. enrichment broth media for the isolation of Edwardsiella, Salmonella and Arizona species from tiger snakes. J. Hyg. Camb. 69: 323330.
40. Iveson, J. B. 1973. Enrichment procedures for the isolation of Salmonella, Arizona, Edwardsiella, and Shigella from faeces. J. Hyg. Camb. 71:349361.
41. Janda, J. M.,, and S. L. Abbott. 1993. Infections associated with the genus Edwardsiella: the role of Edwardsiella tarda in human disease. Clin. Infect. Dis. 17:742748.
42. Janda, J. M.,, and S. L. Abbott. 1993. Expression of an ironregulated hemolysin by Edwardsiella tarda. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 111:275280.
43. Janda, J. M.,, and S. L. Abbott. 1995. Edwardsiella gastroenteritis. ASCP Tech. Sample MB 6:17.
44. Janda, J. M.,, and S. L. Abbott. 2002. Bacterial identification for publication: when is enough enough? J. Clin. Microbiol. 40:18871891.
45. Janda, J. M.,, S. L. Abbott,, S. Kroske-Bystrom,, W. K. W. Cheung,, C. Powers,, R. P. Kokka,, and K. Tamura. 1991. Pathogenic properties of Edwardsiella species. J. Clin. Microbiol. 29:19972001.
46. Janda, J. M.,, S. L. Abbott,, and L. S. Oshiro. 1991. Penetration and replication of Edwardsiella spp. in HEp-2 cells. Infect. Immun. 59:154161.
47. Jaruratanasirikul, S.,, and S. Kalnauwakul. 1991. Edwardsiella tarda: a causative agent in human infections. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 22:3034.
48. Johnson, R.,, R. R. Colwell,, R. Sakazaki,, and K. Tamura. 1975. Numerical taxonomy study of the Enterobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 25:1237.
49. Jordan, G. W.,, and W. K. Hadley. 1969. Human infection with Edwardsiella tarda. Ann. Intern. Med. 70:283288.
50. Jossart, M.-F.,, and R. J. Courcol. 1999. Evaluation of an automated system for the identification of Enterobacteriaceae and nonfermenting bacilli. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 18:902907.
51. King, B. M.,, and D. L. Adler. 1964. A previously undescribed group of Enterobacteriaceae. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 41: 230232.
52. King, C. H.,, and E. B. Shotts. 1988. Enhancement of Edwardsiella tarda and Aeromonas salmonicida through ingestion by the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 51:95100.
53. Koshi, G.,, and M. K. Lalitha. 1976. Edwardsiella tarda in a variety of human infections. Indian J. Med. Res. 64: 17531759.
54. Kournay, M.,, M. A. Vasquez,, and L. J. Mata. 1971. Prevalence of pathogenic enteric bacteria in children of 31 Panamanian communities. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 20:608615.
55. Kourany, M.,, M. A. Vasquez,, and R. Saenz. 1977. Edwardsiellosis in man and animals in Panama: clinical and epidemiological characteristics. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 26: 11831190.
56. Le Frock, J. L.,, A. S. Klainer,, and K. Zuckerman. 1976. Edwardsiella tarda bacteremia. South. Med. J. 69:188190.
57. Leung, M. J. 1996. Plesiomonas shigelloides and sucrosepositive Edwardsiella tarda bacteremia in a man with obstructive jaundice. Pathology 28:6869.
58. Ling, S. H. M.,, X. H. Wang,, L. Xie,, T. M. Lim,, and K. Y. Leung. 2000. Use of green fluorescent protein (GFP) to study the invasion pathways of Edwardsiella tarda in in vivo and in vitro fish models. Microbiology 146:719.
59. Ling, S. H. M.,, X. H. Wang,, T. M. Lim,, and K. Y. Leung. 2001. Green fluorescent protein-tagged Edwardsiella tarda reveals portal of entry in fish. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 194: 239244.
60. Ling, T. K. W.,, P. C. Tam,, Z. K. Liu,, and A. F. B. Cheng. 2001. Evaluation of VITEK 2 rapid identification and susceptibility testing system against gram-negative clinical isolates. J. Clin. Microbiol. 39:29642966.
61. Marques, L. R. M.,, M. R. F. Toledo,, N. P. Silva,, M. Magalhães,, and L. R. Trabulsi. 1984. Invasion of HeLa cells by Edwardsiella tarda. Curr. Microbiol. 10:129132.
62. Marsh, P. K.,, and S. L. Gorbach. 1982. Invasive enterocolitis caused by Edwardsiella tarda. Gastroenterology 82:336338.
63. Martínez, L. M. 1987. Edwardsiella bacteremia. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. 6:599600.
64. Maserati, R.,, C. Farina,, L. Valenti,, and C. Filice. 1985. Liver abscess caused by Edwardsiella tarda. Boll. Ist. Sieroter. Milan. 64:419421.
65. Mathew, J. A.,, Y. P. Tan,, P. S. Srinivasa Rao,, T. M. Lim,, and K. Y. Leung. 2001. Edwardsiella tarda mutants defective in siderophore production, motility, serum resistance and catalase activity. Microbiology 147:449457.
66. Meyer, F. P.,, and G. L. Bullock. 1973. Edwardsiella tarda, a new pathogen of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Appl. Microbiol. 25:155156.
67. Mikamo, H.,, M. Ninomiya,, M. Sawamura,, and T. Tamaya. 2003. Puerperal intrauterine infection caused by Edwardsiella tarda. J. Infect. Chemother. 9:341343.
68. Mowbray, E. E.,, G. Buck,, K. E. Humbaugh,, and G. S. Marshall. 2003. Maternal colonization and neonatal sepsis caused by Edwardsiella tarda. Pediatrics 111:e296e298.
69. Murphey, D. K.,, E. J. Septimus,, and D. C. Waagner. 1992. Catfish-related injury and infection: report of two cases and review of the literature. Clin. Infect. Dis. 14:689693.
70. Muyembe, T.,, J. Vandepitte,, and J. Desmyter. 1973. Natural colistin resistance in Edwardsiella tarda. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 4:521524.
71. Nagel, P.,, A. Serritella,, and T. J. Layden. 1982. Edwardsiella tarda gastroenteritis associated with a pet turtle. Gastroenterology 82:14361437.
72. Nettles, R. E.,, and D. J. Sexton. 1997. Successful treatment of Edwardsiella tarda prosthetic valve endocarditis in a patient with AIDS. Clin. Infect. Dis. 25:918919.
73. Nguyen-Van-Ai, N. T. Lan-Huong, Nguyen-Duc-Hanh, Nguyen-Van-Lee, and Le-Tien-Van. 1975. Contribution à l’étude des “Edwardsiella tarda” isolés au Viet-Nam. Bull. Soc. Pathol. Exot. Filiales 68:355359.
74. Nomura, J.,, and T. Aoki. 1985. Morphological analysis of lipopolysaccharide from gram-negative fish pathogenic bacteria. Fish Pathol. 20:193197.
75. Nucci, C.,, W. D. da Silveira,, S. da Silva Corrêa,, G. Nakazato,, S. Y. Bando,, M. A. Ribeiro,, A. F. Pestana de Castro. 2002. Microbiological comparative study of isolates of Edwardsiella tarda isolated in different countries from fish and humans. Vet. Microbiol. 89:2939.
76. O’Hara, C. M.,, and J. M. Miller. 1992. Evaluation of the autoSCAN-W/A system for rapid (2-hour) identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. J. Clin. Microbiol. 30:15411543.
77. O’Hara, C. M.,, D. L. Rhoden,, and J. M. Miller. 1992. Reevaluation of the API 20E identification system versus conventional biochemicals for identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae: a new look at an old product. J. Clin. Microbiol. 30:123125.
78. O’Hara, C. M.,, G. L. Westbrook,, and J. M. Miller. 1997. Evaluation of the Vitek GNI+ and Becton Dickinson microbiology systems Crystal E/NF identification systems for identification of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and other gram-negative, glucose-fermenting and non-glucosefermenting bacilli. J. Clin. Microbiol. 35:32693273.
79. Okubadejo, O. A.,, and K. O. Alausa. 1968. Neonatal meningitis caused by Edwardsiella tarda. Br. Med. J. 3:357358.
80. Osiri, M.,, T. Tantawichien,, and U. Deesomchock. 1997. Edwardsiella tarda bacteremia and septic arthritis in a patient with diabetes mellitus. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 28:669672.
81. Otis, V. S.,, and J. L. Behler. 1973. The occurrence of salmonellae and Edwardsiella in the turtles of the New York zoological park. J. Wildl. Dis. 9:46.
82. Ovartlarnporn, B.,, P. Chayakul,, and S. Suma. 1986. Edwardsiella tarda infection in Hat Yai hospital. J. Med. Assoc. Thailand 69:599603.
83. Owens, D. R.,, S. L. Nelson,, and J. B. Addison. 1974. Isolation of Edwardsiella tarda from swine. Appl. Microbiol. 27: 703705.
84. Pankey, G. A.,, and M. B. Seshul. 1969. Septicemia caused by Edwardsiella tarda. J. La. State Med. Soc. 121:4143.
85. Peyrade, F.,, P. Bondiau,, B. Taillan,, A. Boscagli,, M. Roa,, and P. Dujardin. 1997. Septicémie à Edwardsiella tarda au cours d’une leucémie lymphoïde chronique. Rev. Méd. Interne 18: 233234.
86. Phillips, A. D.,, L. R. Trabulsi,, G. Dougan,, and G. Frankel. 1998. Edwardsiella tarda induces plasma membrane ruffles on infection of HEp-2 cells. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 161:317323.
87. Pien, F. D.,, and M. T. Jackson. 1995. Tuboovarian abscess caused by Edwardsiella tarda. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 173: 964965.
88. Radovsky, J.,, and E. Aldová. 1965. Isolation of strains of the new Enterobacteriaceae group “Bartolomew” in Cuba. J. Hyg. Epidemiol. Microbiol. Immunol. 9:112114.
89. Rao, K. R. P.,, J. Shah,, K. R. Rajashekaraiah,, A. R. Patel,, D. B. Miskew,, and P. S. Fennewald. 1981. Edwardsiella tarda osteomyelitis in a patient with SC hemoglobinopathy. South. Med. J. 74:288292.
90. Reger, P. J.,, D. F. Mockler,, and M. A. Miller. 1993. Comparison of antimicrobial susceptibility, β-lactamase production, plasmid analysis and serum bactericidal activity in Edwardsiella tarda, E. ictaluri and E. hoshinae. J. Med. Microbiol. 39:273281.
91. Reina, J.,, and M. J. Ros. 1996. Gastroenteritis associated with Edwardsiella tarda in a patient infected by human immunodeficiency virus. Clin. Microbiol. Newsl. 18:2930.
92. Reinhardt, J. F.,, S. Fowlston,, J. Jones,, and W. L. George. 1985. Comparative in vitro activities of selected antimicrobial agents against Edwardsiella tarda. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 27:966967.
93. Ruff, W. L.,, J. Scott-Cora,, and J. D. Prout. 1977. Edwardsiella tarda associated with osteomyelitis. J. Nat. Med. Assoc. 69:871872.
94. Sachs, J. M.,, and G. W. Counts. 1974. Sickle hemoglobinopathy and Edwardsiella tarda meningitis. Am. J. Dis. Child. 128:387388.
95. Sakai, T.,, K. Kanai,, K. Osatomi,, and K. Yoshikoshi. 2003. Identification of a 19.3-kDa protein in MRHA-positive Edwardsiella tarda: putative fimbrial major subunit. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 226:127133.
96. Sakazaki, R. 1965. A proposed group of the family Enterobacteriaceae, the Asakusa group. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomencl. Taxon. 15:4547.
97. Sakazaki, R. 1967. Studies on the Asakusa group of Enterobacteriaceae (Edwardsiella tarda). Jpn. J. Med. Sci. Biol. 20:205212.
98. Sakazaki, R. 1984. Serological typing of Edwardsiella tarda. Methods Microbiol. 15:213225.
99. Sakazaki, R.,, and Y. Murata. 1962. The new group of the Enterobacteriaceae, the Asakusa group. Jpn. J. Bacteriol. 17 616617.
100. Sakazaki, R.,, and K. Tamura. 1975. Priority of the specific epithet anguillimortiferum over the specific epithet tarda in the name of the organism presently known as Edwardsiella tarda. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 25:219220.
101. Sakazaki, R.,, and K. Tamura. 1978. Comment on a proposal of Farmer et al. to conserve the specific epithet tarda over the specific epithet anguillimortiferum in the name of the organism known as Edwardsiella tarda. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 28:130131.
102. Sakazaki, R.,, and K. Tamura,. 1991. The genus Edwardsiella, p. 27372743. In A. Balows,, H. G. Trüper,, M. Dworkin,, W. Harder,, and K.-H. Schleifer (ed.), The Prokaryotes: a Handbook on the Biology of Bacteria. Ecophysiology, Isolation, Identification, Applications, 2nd ed. Springer- Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
103. Sakazaki, R.,, K. Tamura,, L. M. Prescott,, and Z. Bencic. 1971. Bacteriological examination of diarrheal stools in Calcutta. Indian J. Med. Res. 59:10251034.
104. Sechter, I.,, M. Shmilovitz,, G. Altmann,, R. Seligmann,, B. Kretzer,, I. Braunstein,, and C. B. Gerichter. 1983. Edwardsiella tarda isolated in Israel between 1961 and 1980. J. Clin. Microbiol. 17:669671.
105. Slaven, S. M.,, F. A. Lopez,, S. M. Hart,, and C. V. Sanders. 2001. Myonecrosis caused by Edwardsiella tarda: a case report and case series of extraintestinal E. tarda infections. Clin. Infect. Dis. 32:14301433.
106. Skirpstunas, R. T.,, and T. J. Baldwin. 2002. Edwardsiella ictaluri invasion of IEC-6, Henle 407, fathead minnow and channel catfish enteric epithelial cells. Dis. Aquat. Org. 51:161167.
107. Sonnenwirth, A. C.,, and K. A. Kallus. 1968. Meningitis due to Edwardsiella tarda. First report of meningitis caused by E. tarda. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 49:9295.
108. Spröer, C.,, U. Mendrock,, J. Swiderski,, E. Lang,, and E. Stackebrandt. 1999. The phylogenetic position of Serratia, Buttiauxella and some other genera of the family Enterobacteriaeae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 49:14331438.
109. Srinivasa Rao, P. S.,, T. M. Lim,, and K. Y. Leung. 2001. Opsonized virulent Edwardsiella tarda strains are able to adhere to and survive and replicate within fish phagocytes but fail to stimulate reactive oxygen intermediates. Infect. Immun. 69:56895697.
110. Srinivasa Rao, P. S.,, T. M. Lim,, and K. Y. Leung. 2003. Functional genomics approach to the identification of virulence genes involved in Edwardsiella tarda pathogenesis. Infect. Immun. 71:13431351.
111. Stock, I.,, and B. Wiedemann. 2001. Natural antibiotic susceptibilities of Edwardsiella tarda, E. ictaluri, and E. hoshinae. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 45:22452255.
112. Strauss, E. J.,, N. Ghori,, and S. Falkow. 1997. An Edwardsiella tarda strain containing a mutation in a gene with homology to shlB and hpmB is defective for entry into epithelial cells in culture. Infect. Immun. 65:39243932.
113. Tamura, K.,, R. Sakazaki,, A. C. McWhorter,, and Y. Kosako. 1988. Edwardsiella tarda serotyping scheme for international use. J. Clin. Microbiol. 26:23432346.
114. Tan, R. J. S.,, E.-W. Lim,, and M. Yeo. 1977. Occurrence and medical importance of Edwardsiella tarda from clinical specimens. Ann. Acad. Med. Singap. 6:337341.
115. Tan, Y. P.,, Q. Lin,, X. H. Wang,, S. Joshi,, C. L. Hew,, and K. Y. Leung. 2002. Comparative proteomic analysis of extracellular proteins of Edwardsiella tarda. Infect. Immun. 70:64756480.
116. Thornton, S. M.,, S. Nolan,, and F. M. D. Gulland. 1998. Bacterial isolates from California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), harbor seals (Phoca vitulina), and northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) admitted to a rehabilitation center along the central California coast, 1994-1995. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 29:171176.
117. Ullah, A.,, and T. Arai. 1983. Pathological activities of the naturally occurring strains of Edwardsiella tarda. Fish Pathol. 18:6570.
118. Ullah, A.,, and T. Arai. 1983. Exotoxic substances produced by Edwardsiella tarda. Fish. Pathol. 18:7175.
119. Van Damme, L. R.,, and J. Vandepitte. 1980. Frequent isolation of Edwardsiella tarda and Plesiomonas shigelloides from healthy Zairese freshwater fish: a possible source of sporadic diarrhea in the tropics. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 39:475479.
120. Vandepitte, J.,, P. Lemmens,, and L. De Swert. 1983. Human edwardsiellosis traced to ornamental fish. J. Clin. Microbiol. 17:165167.
121. Vandepitte, J.,, L. Van Damme,, Y. Fofana,, and J. Desmyter. 1980. Edwardsiella tarda et Plesiomonas shigelloides. Leur rôle comme agents de diarrhées et leur épidémiologie. Bull. Soc. Pathol. Exot. Filiales 73:139149.
122. Vartian, C. V.,, and E. J. Septimus. 1990. Soft-tissue infection caused by Edwardsiella tarda and Aeromonas hydrophila. J. Infect. Dis. 161:816.
123. Viswanathan, P.,, and R. Kaur. 2001. Prevalence and growth of pathogens on salad vegetables, fruits and sprouts. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 203:205213.
124. Vohra, K.,, E. Torrijos,, R. Jhaveri,, and H. Gordon. 1988. Neonatal sepsis and meningitis caused by Edwardsiella tarda. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 7:814815.
125. Wallace, L. J.,, F. H. White,, and H. L. Gore. 1966. Isolation of Edwardsiella tarda from a sea lion and two alligators. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 149:881883.
126. Walton, D. T.,, S. L. Abbott,, and J. M. Janda. 1993. Sucrosepositive Edwardsiella tarda mimicking a biogroup 1 strain isolated from a patient with cholelithiasis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31:155156.
127. Waltman, W. D.,, E. B. Shotts,, and T. C. Hsu. 1986. Biochemical and enzymatic characterization of Edwardsiella tarda from the United States and Taiwan. Fish Pathol. 21: 18.
128. Watson, J. J.,, and F. H. White. 1979. Hemolysins of Edwardsiella tarda. Can. J. Comp. Med. 43:7883.
129. White, F. H.,, F. C. Neal,, C. F. Simpson,, and A. F. Walsh. 1969. Isolation of Edwardsiella tarda from an ostrich and an Australian skink. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 155:10571058.
130. White, F. H.,, C. F. Simpson,, and L. E. Williams, Jr. 1973. Isolation of Edwardsiella tarda from aquatic animal species and surface waters in Florida. J. Wildl. Dis. 9:204208.
131. Wilson, J. P.,, R. R. Waterer,, J. D. Wofford, Jr.,, and S. W. Chapman. 1989. Serious infections with Edwardsiella tarda. A case report and review of the literature. Arch. Intern. Med. 149:208210.
132. Winsor, D. K.,, A. P. Bloebaum,, and J. J. Mathewson. 1981. Gram-negative, aerobic, enteric pathogens among intestinal microflora of wild turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) in west central Texas. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 42:11231124.
133. Wong, J. D.,, M. A. Miller,, and J. M. Janda. 1989. Surface properties and ultrastructure of Edwardsiella species. J. Clin. Microbiol. 27:17971801.
134. Wu, M.-S.,, R.-S. Shyu,, M.-Y. Lai,, G.-T. Huang,, D.-S. Chen,, and T.-H. Wang. 1995. A predisposition toward Edwardsiella tarda bacteremia in individuals with preexisting liver disease. Clin. Infect. Dis. 21:705706.
135. Yang, C.-H.,, and C.-K. Wang. 1999. Edwardsiella tarda bacteraemia—complicated by acute pancreatitis and pyomyoma. J. Infect. 38:124131.
136. Zighelboim, J.,, T. W. Williams, Jr.,, M. W. Bradshaw,, and R. L. Harris. 1992. Successful medical management of a patient with multiple hepatic abscesses due to Edwardsiella tarda. Clin. Infect. Dis. 14:117120.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Current species composition within the genus

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 2

Animal groups found to harbor

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 3

Anatomic sites of isolation of from selected studies

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 4

Studies of the role of edwardsiellae as causes of gastroenteritis

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 5

Selected characteristics of patients with septicemia

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 6

Puncture wounds or penetrating injuries associated with infection

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 7

and abscesses of the liver

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 8

Aberrant biochemical properties reported for strains

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 9

Biotypes of

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17
Generic image for table
Table 10

Possible virulence factors operative in infections

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. The Genus , p 301-320. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch17

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error