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Chapter 21 : Phytopathogenic and Miscellaneous Members of the Family

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Abstract:

The creation of the genus began the process of taxonomically redefining phytopathogenic strains residing in the family into appropriate taxa. Currently, four major genera contain most known phytopathogenic species. These genera are , , , and . Early studies by Bottone and colleagues described the role that yellow-pigmented played in causing human illnesses, ranging from conditions such as septicemia to brain abscess formation. These isolates were initially identified as yellow-pigmented erwiniae that today would be classified as . has also been associated with cotton fever in drug addicts and in cases of nosocomial pseudobacteremia traced to nonsterile blood collection tubes. Only recently have molecular investigations implicated several non-agglomerans phytopathogenic species as human pathogens. Despite progress being made on taxonomic issues regarding the correct classification of phytopathogenic genera and species, little progress has been made on standardization of identification schemes to separate these species. No formal studies of the susceptibility of true pantoeae to therapeutically active antimicrobial agents have been reported since their transfer to the genus . The chapter also talks about miscellaneous genera that includes , and .

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Phytopathogenic and Miscellaneous Members of the Family , p 377-384. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch21

Key Concept Ranking

16s rRNA Sequencing
0.557066
Erwinia
0.5386852
Erwinia herbicola
0.5273445
Erwinia carotovora
0.518974
0.557066
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Figure 1

Symplasmata of recovered from syneresis fluid on a urea slant.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Phytopathogenic and Miscellaneous Members of the Family , p 377-384. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch21
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Selected examples of enterobacteria associated with diseases in plants or trees

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Phytopathogenic and Miscellaneous Members of the Family , p 377-384. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch21
Generic image for table
Table 2

Distinguishing biochemical features of phytopathogenic enterobacterial species associated with clinical specimens

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Phytopathogenic and Miscellaneous Members of the Family , p 377-384. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch21

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