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Chapter 3 : Medical and Public Health Significance of the Family

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Abstract:

The role of enterobacteria in causing extraintestinal infections has escalated over the past two decades as medical interventions and therapies have changed accordingly. The hospital environment is one of the major settings where infections occur. Septicemia is the hallmark of invasive disease, and the are common etiologic agents of systemic infections. Among enterobacteria, and were the most common causes of nosocomially acquired pneumonias, together accounting for 17% of all infections. continued to be an important pathogen of the urogenital tract and was tied with enterococci as the second leading cause of urinary tract infections, after . It is fair to state that, with the exception of , the vast majority of etiologic agents causing bacterial gastroenteritis and its various forms (e.g., enteritis or dysentery) come from within the family . While recognition, control, and prevention of moderateto large-scale outbreaks of food-borne disease caused by enterobacteria are major public health concerns, an equally important public health function is the identification of risk factors and populations at risk of developing sporadic localized or systemic infections caused by the .

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Medical and Public Health Significance of the Family , p 15-22. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch3

Key Concept Ranking

Infectious Diseases
0.5228947
Cytolethal Distending Toxin
0.49621135
Urinary Tract Infections
0.45743576
0.5228947
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Figures

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Figure 1.

Diagram depicting the relationship between various diagnostic methods and the course of disease from colonization to the asymptomatic carrier state. Figure reproduced from reference 11 with permission.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Medical and Public Health Significance of the Family , p 15-22. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch3
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1.

Relative ranking of various enterobacteria as a cause of nosocomial infections in European patients

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Medical and Public Health Significance of the Family , p 15-22. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch3
Generic image for table
Table 2.

associated with gastroenteritis

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Medical and Public Health Significance of the Family , p 15-22. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch3
Generic image for table
Table 3.

Chronic infections associated with enterobacteria

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Medical and Public Health Significance of the Family , p 15-22. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch3

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