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Chapter 7 : Nontyphoidal Salmonellae

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Abstract:

The epithet has remained unchanged, but the species designations have undergone numerous changes, of which only the most recent changes are covered in this chapter. The initial method of naming salmonellae for clinical conditions and/or the animal host from which they were isolated (e.g., the name choleraesuis, from hog cholera) was abandoned, as it became apparent that many strains were not host specific or were not responsible for the disease for which they were named. The concept of three species, , serovar Typhi, and , was proposed by Ewing in 1963, an idea originally put forth by Borman in 1944. Household pets capable of transmitting salmonellosis include cats, rabbits, ferrets, rodents (mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils, and squirrels), turtles, lizards, snakes, and aquarium fish. Two major genetic elements have been identified in many important serotypes that appear to play key roles in pathogenesis in both localized (enteritis) and extraintestinal (bacteremia) infections.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7

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Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
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Pathogenic bacterial properties and host factors conferring increased susceptibility to infection. (Reprinted with permission from reference ).

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Species and subspecies of the genus

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
Generic image for table
Table 2

Specific agars used to isolate

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
Generic image for table
Table 3

Separation of from other common fecal flora by screening media

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
Generic image for table
Table 4

Selected virulence factors associated with pathogenicity.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
Generic image for table
Table 5

Pathogenicity islands of salmonellae

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7
Generic image for table
Table 6

serotypes containing virulence plasmids

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Nontyphoidal Salmonellae, p 81-103. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch7

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