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Chapter 2 : Indigenous Microbial Communities in Oil Fields

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Abstract:

Oil reservoirs constitute deep geological environments with diverse physicochemical in situ conditions where indigenous microbial communities are supposed to grow or survive, if these conditions are not too drastic for life (e.g., extreme temperatures or salinity). Nevertheless, although the existence of indigenous populations in oil fields has been widely admitted, direct proofs of their existence are scarce in the literature. This chapter discusses about the main reasons of this lack of information, together with the data in favor of the existence of indigenous bacterial communities in oil fields. The term indigenous is used in its narrowest sense, i.e., to designate those bacteria that are not supposed to have been introduced into the environment during reservoir development. In oil reservoirs where the metabolic activity may be controlled by the supply of limiting nutrients and electron acceptors, the high metabolic rates required to repair the rapidly degrading cell components are unlikely to be sustainable. Altogether, these considerations indicate that heterotrophic life ceases at approximately 80°C in petroleum reservoirs.

Citation: Magot M. 2005. Indigenous Microbial Communities in Oil Fields, p 21-34. In Ollivier B, Magot M (ed), Petroleum Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817589.ch2

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Dissimilatory Metal Reduction
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Microbial Ecology
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Bacteria and Archaea
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16s rRNA Sequencing
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Novel species of sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from oil fields

Citation: Magot M. 2005. Indigenous Microbial Communities in Oil Fields, p 21-34. In Ollivier B, Magot M (ed), Petroleum Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817589.ch2

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