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Color Plates

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Color Plate 1.

(Chapter 1) Global TB incidence rates (per 100,000 population per year) at the start of 2000 (13). (A) All forms of TB. (B) HIV-related TB. The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. Panel A is reprinted from reference 68a in chapter 1. Panel B is reprinted from reference 13 in chapter 1. Copyrighted © 2003, American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 2.

(Chapter 4) in smears from concentrated sputum specimens. (A and B) Ziehl-Neelsen stain (total magnification, x1,125); (C) auramine stain, fluorescent microscopy (total magnification x1,440); (D) auramine stain, fluorescent microscopy (total magnification, x2,000).

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 3.

(Chapter 4) in cultures (Ziehl-Neelsen stain, total magnification, x1,125). (A) Smear from a culture grown on 7H11 agar; (B) smear from 7H12 broth culture showing “cord formation”; (C and D) intracellular growth in human monocyte-derived macrophages.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 4.

(Chapter 5) Proliferative responses of PBMC from healthy PPD-positive (A) and PPD-negative (B) donors to selected recombinant antigens. Donor PBMC were stimulated in vitro with CFP or the indicated recombinant antigens. Mtb12 and Mtb14 are two poorly immunogenic antigens included in this assay to serve as controls. Identical symbols indicate responses of the same donor PBMC to the different antigens.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 5.

(Chapter 7) Trends of MDR-TB in selected high-income countries. MDR-TB in high-income countries has remained at very low levels after the sound implementation of measures to prevent, contain, and monitor this form of tuberculosis in the early 1990s. The majority of MDR-TB cases in these countries are reported in foreign-born individuals. Data from references 13a, 29, 30, 81a, 97, and 109 in chapter 7; Staten Serum Institute, National Surveillance of Communicable Diseases, (http://www.ssi.dk); and CDC, Reported tuberculosis in the United States, 2002 (http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/bb/surv).

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 6.

(Chapter 11) Ribbon diagrams of representative protein structures determined by the TB Structural Genomics Consortium. In general. 〈-helices and ®-strands are colored red and cyan, respectively; if the PDB file contains more than one monomer, each subunit is colored differently. For each structure, the PDB code and the Rv number are given and, where known, the anotated function. These figures were prepared with the program WebLabViewerPro and RIBBONS. (a) 1dgy, Rv0129c—Ag85C; (b) 1f0p, Rv1886c—Ag85B; (c) 1hto, Rv2220—GlnA; (d) 1lu4, Rv2878c—MPT53; (e) 1nyo, Rv2875— MPB70; (f) 1lmi, Rv1926c—MPT63; (g) no pdb code, Rv0203; (h) 1nkt, Rv3240c—SecA1; (i) 1mru, Rv0014c—PknB; (j) 1lle, Rv0470c—PcaA; (k) 1kpg, Rv3392c—CcmA1; (l) 1kpi, Rv0503c—CcmA2. Reprinted from reference 41 in chapter 11. © 2003 with permission from Elsevier.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 7.

(Chapter 12) Section of colonies in whch a second crossover has taken place by using counter-selection and color screening. Bacteria carrying a single crossover of a plasmid carrying and (i.e., sucrose-sensitive, +) are plated onto medium containing sucrose and 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-®-Dgalactoside. Most bacteria are killed through sucrose sensitivity. Colonies that grow are resistant through loss of the vector by a double crossover (, white) or through a spontaneous mutation and still contain the vector (+, blue). The same colonies are shown from the top (A) and bottom (B); the photograph in panel B has been reversed to make the comparison clearer. Plate courtesy of F. Movahedzadeh.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 8.

(Chapter 22) Structural analyses of STPKs. The motifs were drawn on a schematic representation of the linear peptide sequence. Reprinted from Y. Av-Gay and M. Everett, . 8:238–244, 2000. © 2000 with permission from Elsevier.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 8.

(Chapter 32) (A and B) Survival of mice infected inratracheally with Erdman which has been incubated with MAb 9d8 (Mtb-9d8) (black squares) or conrols (open symbols). (A) Experiment performed with C57BL/6 mice, using ascites. (B) Experiment performed with BALB/c mice, using purified MAb preparations (MAb 9d8 or an isotypematched anti-cryptococcal MAb). Survival was significantly longer in the presence of MAb 9d8 (P < 0.01). (C and D) Lung histology of mice infected with preincubated with MAb 9d8 or control. (C) In the lungs of mice receiving Mtb- 9d8, acid-fast bacilli are contained inside well-delineated granulomatous structures. (D) In the lungs of control mice, acid-fast bacilli are dispersed throughout the tissue, without well-defined granulomatous formation (B). Adapted from R. Teitelbaum et al., USA 95:15688-15693, 1998.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 10.

(Chapter 36) Histopathology of caseous necrosis in rabbit pulmonary tubercles 5 weeks following infection with (A) A caseous center (hematoxylin and eosin stain), revealing disintegrating epithelioid macrophages at the center and a rim of basophilic mononuclear cells and early capillary formation on the periphery. (B) Same caseous center as in panel A (acid-fast stain), showing the relative paucity of acid-fact bacilli in rabbit tubercles at 5 weeks. (C) Multinucleated (Langhans’) giant cell in rabbit lung tissues at 5 weeks (hematoxylin and eosin stain). (D) Acid-fast stain and high-power (magnification, ·400) view of a peripheral region of a 5-week old-caseous rabbit tubercle showing several acid-fast bacilli and some weakly acid-fast debris from destroyed bacilli. Courtesy of M. Yoder, Johns Hopkins University.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 11.

(Chapter 36) Caseous granuloma in the lung of a cynomolgus macaque infected for 6 weeks with . In monkeys, solid as well as caseous granulomas can be observed.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 12.

(Chapter 37) Immunohistochemical staining of infected mouse lung lesions for the presence of CD4 cells (left) or CD8 cells (right).

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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Color Plate 13.

(Chapter 37) Magnetic resonance image of a guinea pig lung section 30 days after aerosol infection. Each individual granulomatous lesion has been colorized blue. The streak on the right corresponds to inflammation in the pleural space. The large object in the center is the mediastinal lymph node, which becomes extremely large (and heavily necrotic) in unprotected animals. Computer analysis of such images can provide data on both lesion number and distribution, as well as lesion volumes.

Citation: Cole S, Eisenach K, McMurray D, Jacobs, Jr. W. 2005. Color Plates, In Tuberculosis and the Tubercle Bacillus. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
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