1887

Chapter 4 : Viruses

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

Viruses, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817756/9781555812805_Chap04-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817756/9781555812805_Chap04-2.gif

Abstract:

This last section of the book, presents a list of viruses and information on each virus. This catalog serves as a “quick reference,” a starting place to gain an understanding of the significance of the recovery of various microbes from human clinical specimens. This dictionary will help increase the understanding of microbial pathogens by practicing clinicians, house officers, students, epidemiologists, infection control practitioners, and other allied health professionals.

Citation: Jorgensen J, Pfaller M. 2004. Viruses, p 237-273. In A Clinician's Dictionary of Pathogenic Microorganisms. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817756.ch4

Key Concept Ranking

Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
0.61629194
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
0.61160713
Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
0.60949045
Human immunodeficiency virus 2
0.59455115
0.61629194
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817756.chap04
1. Bennet, J. V.,, and P. S. Brachman (ed.). 1998. Hospital Infections, 4th ed. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pa.
2. Forbes, B. A.,, D. F. Sahm,, and A. S. Weisfeld (ed.). 2002. Bailey and Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, 11th ed. Mosby-Year Book, St. Louis, Mo.
3. Gilbert, D. N.,, R. C. Moellering, Jr.,, and M. A. Sande. 2003. The Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy, 33rd ed. Antimicrobial Therapy, Inc., Hyde Park, Vt.
4. Gorbach, S. L.,, J. G. Bartlett,, and N. R. Blacklow (ed.). 1997. Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa.
5. Jenson, H. B.,, and R. S. Baltimore. 2002. Pediatric Infectious Diseases: Principles and Practices. The W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
6. Knipe, D. M.,, P. M. Howley,, D. E. Griffin,, R. A. Lamb,, M. A. Martin,, B. Roizman,, and S. E. Straus (ed.). 2001. Fields Virology, 4th ed. Lipincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa.
7. Koneman, E. W.,, S. D. Allen,, W. J. Janda,, P. C. Schreckenberger,, and W. C. Winn, Jr., (ed.). 1997. Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, 5th ed. Lippincott, Philadelphia, Pa.
8. Mahy, B. W. J.,, and L. Collier (ed.). 1998. Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections, vol. 1. Arnold, London, United Kingdom.
9. Mandell, G. L.,, J. E. Bennett,, and R. Dolin (ed.). 2000. Mandell, Douglas and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 5th ed. Churchill Livingstone, New York, N.Y.
10. Murray, P. R.,, E. J. Baron,, J. H. Jorgensen,, M. A. Pfaller,, and R. H. Yolken (ed.). 2003. Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 8th ed. ASM Press, Washington, D.C.
11. Murray, P. R.,, K. S. Rosenthal,, G. S. Kobayashi,, and M. A. Pfaller (ed.). 2002. Medical Microbiology, 4th ed. Mosby-Year Book, St. Louis, Mo.
12. Schaechter, M.,, C. Engleberg,, B. I. Eisenstein,, and G. Medoff (ed.). 1999. Mechanisms of Microbial Diseases, 3rd ed. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md.
13. Specter, S.,, R. L. Hodinka,, and S. A. Yount. 2000. Clinical Virology Manual, 3rd ed. ASM Press, Washington, D.C.
1. Alter, M. J. 1997. Epidemiology of hepatitis C. Hepatology 26( 3 Suppl. 1): 62S 65S.
2. Alter, H. J.,, Y. Nakatsuji,, J. Melpolder,, J. Wages,, R. Wesley,, J. W. Shih,, and J. P. Kim. 1997. The incidence of hepatitis G virus infection and its relation to liver disease. N. Engl. J. Med. 336: 747 754.
3. Arthur, R.,, K. Shah,, S. Baust,, G. Santos,, and R. Saral. 1986. Association of BK viruria with hemorrhagic cystis in recipients of bone marrow transplants. N. Engl. J. Med. 315: 230 234.
4. Blacklow, N. R.,, and H. B. Greenberg. 1991. Viral gastroenteritis. N. Engl. J. Med. 325: 252 264.
5. Braun, D. K.,, G. Dominguez,, and P. E. Pellett. 1997. Human herpesvirus 6. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 10: 521 567.
6. Brown, K. E.,, and N. S. Young. 1995. Parvovirus B19 infection and hematopoiesis. Blood Rev. 9: 176 182.
7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1998. Fatal cercopithevcine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection following mucocutaneous exposure and interim recommendations for worker protection. Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 47: 10731076.
8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1998. Measels, mumps, and rubella-vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 47( RR-8): 616.
9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2002. Measles—United States, 2000. Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 51: 120123.
10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1992. 1993 revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 41: 119.
11. Chang, Y.,, E. Caesarman,, M. S. Pessin,, F. Lee,, J. Culpepper,, D. M. Knowles,, and P. S. Moore. 1994. Identification of herpesvirus-like DNA sequences in AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma. Science 266: 1865 1869.
12. Clavel, F.,, M. Guyander,, D. Gustaard,, M. Salle,, L. Montagnier,, and M. Alizon. 1986. Molecular cloning and polymorphism of the human immune deficiency virus type 2. Nature 324: 691 695.
13. de Villiers, E. M.,, A. Ruhland,, and P. Sekaric. 1999. Human papillomaviruses in nonmelanoma skin cancer. Semin. Cancer Biol. 9: 413 422.
14. Fenner, F.,, D. A. Henderson,, I. Arita,, Z. Jezek,, and I. Ladnyi. 1988. Smallpox and Its Eradication. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
15. Fleming, D. T.,, G. McQuillan,, R. E., Johnson,, A. J. Nahmias,, S. O. Aral,, F. K. Lee,, and M. E. St. Louis. 1997. Herpes simplex virus type 2 in the United States, 1976 to 1994. N. Engl. J. Med. 337: 1105 1111.
16. Ghani, A. C.,, C. A. Donelly,, N. M. Ferguson,, and R. M. Anderson. 2002. The transmission dynamics of BSE and vCJD. C. R. Acad Sci. Ser. III 325: 37 47.
17. Gibbons, R. V.,, R. C. Holman,, E. D. Belay,, and L. B. Schonberger. 2000. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the United States: 1979–1998. JAMA 284: 2322 2323.
18. Hall, C. B. 1999. Respiratory syncytial virus: a continuing culprit and conundrum. J. Pediatr. 135: 2 7.
19. Hendley, J. O. 1999. Clinical virology of rhinoviruses. Adv. Virus Res. 54: 453 466.
20. Hermann, J. E.,, D. N. Taylor,, P. Echeverria,, and N. R. Blacklow. 1991. Astrovirus as a cause of gastroenteritis in children. N. Engl. J. Med. 324: 1757 1760.
21. Hsu, J. L.,, and S. L. Glaser. 2000. Epstein-Barr virus-associated malignancies: epidemiologic patterns and etiologic implications. Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol. 34: 27 53.
22. Hutin, Y. J. F.,, R. J. Williams,, P. Malfait,, R. Pebody,, V. N. Loparev,, S. L. Ropp,, M. Rodriguez,, J. C. Knight,, F. K. Tschioko,, A. S. Khan,, M. V. Szczeniowaki,, and J. J. Esposito. 2001. Outbreak of human monkeypox, Democratic Republic of Congo. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 7: 434 438.
23. Jahrling, P. B.,, T. W. Geisbert,, J. B. Geisbert,, J. R. Swearengen,, M. Bray,, N. K. Jaax,, J. W. Huggins,, J. W. LeDuc,, and C. J. Peters. 1990. Preliminary report: isolation of Ebola virus from monkeys imported to the USA. Lancet 335: 502 505.
24. Kaplan, J. E.,, G. W. Gary,, R. C. Baron,, N. Singh,, L. B. Schonberger,, R. Feldman,, and H. B. Greenberg. 1982. Epidemiology of Norwalk gastroenteritis and the role of Norwalk virus in outbreaks of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Ann. Intern. Med. 96: 756 761.
25. Klitzman, R. L.,, M. P. Alpers,, and D. C. Gajdusek. 1984. The natural incubation period of kuru and the episodes of transmission in three clusters of patients. Neuroepidemiology 3: 3 20.
26. Ksiazek, T. G.,, D. Erdman,, C. S. Goldsmith,, S. R. Zaki,, T. Peret,, S. Emery,, S. Tong,, C. Urbani,, J. A. Comer,, W. Lim,, P. E. Rollin,, S. F. Dowell,, A.-E. Ling,, C. D. Humphrey,, W.-J. Shieh,, J. Guarner,, C. D. Paddock,, P. Rota,, B. Fields,, J. DeRisi,, J.-Y. Yang,, N. Cox,, J. M. Hughes,, J. W. LeDuc,, W. J. Bellini,, and L. J. Anderson. 2003. A novel coronavirus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome. N. Engl. J. Med. 348: 1953 1966.
27. Lee, J.-Y.,, and D. S. Bowden. 2000. Rubella virus replication and links to teratogenicity. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 13: 571 587.
28. Lee, N.,, D. Hui,, A. Wu,, P. Chan,, P. Cameron,, G. M. Joynt,, A. Ahuja,, M. Y. Yung,, C. B. Leung,, K. F. To,, S. F. Lui,, C. C. Szeto,, S. Chung,, and J. J. Y. Sung. 2003. A major outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. N. Engl. J. Med. 348: 1986 1994.
29. Mahoney, F. J. 1999. Update on diagnosis, management, and prevention of hepatitis B virus infection. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 12: 351 366.
30. Manns, A.,, M. Hisada,, and L. La Grange. 1999. Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 infection. Lancet 353: 1951 1958.
31. Mets, M. B.,, L. J. Barton,, A. S. Khan,, and T. G. Ksiazek. 2000. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: an underdiagnosed cause of congenital chorioretinitis. Am. J. Ophthalmol. 130: 209 215.
32. Noah, D. L.,, C. L. Drenzek,, J. S. Smith,, J. W. Krebs,, L. A. Orcaiari,, J. Shaddock,, D. Sanderlin,, S. Whitfield,, M. Fekadu,, J. G. Olson,, C. E. Ruprecht,, and J. E. Childs. 1998. Epidemiology of human rabies in the United States, 1980–1996. Ann. Intern. Med. 128: 922 930.
33. Padget, B. L.,, C. M. Rogers,, and D. L. Walker. 1977. JC virus, a human polyomavirus associated with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: additional biological characteristics and antigenic relationships. Infect. Immun. 15: 656 662.
34. Pichichero, M. F.,, S. McLinn,, H. A. Rotbart,, M. A. Menegus,, M. Casciano,, and B. E. Reidenberg. 1998. Clinical and economic impact of enterovirus illness in private pediatric practice. Pediatrics 102: 1126 1134.
35. Schmaljohn, C.,, and B. Hjelle. 1997. Hantaviruses: a global problem. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 3: 95 104.
36. Simonsen, L.,, K. Fukuda,, L. B. Shonberger,, and N. J. Cox. 2000. The impact of influenza epidemics on hospitalizations. J. Infect. Dis. 181: 831 837.
37. Smedile, A.,, M. Rizzetto,, and J. L. Gerin. 1994. Advances in hepatitis D virus biology and disease. Prog. Liver Dis. 12: 157 175.
38. Smith, J. L. 2001. A review of hepatitis E virus. J. Food Prot. 64: 572 586.
39. Spruance, S. L. 1992. The natural history of recurrent oral-facial herpes simplex virus infection. Semin. Dermatol. 11: 200 206.
40. Strader, D. B.,, and L. B. Seeff. 1996. New hepatitis A vaccines and their role in prevention. Drugs 51: 359 366.
41. Waters, V.,, E. L. Ford-Jones,, M. Petric,, M. Fearon,, P. Corey,, R. Moineddein, and the Pediatric Rotavirus Epidemiology Study for Immunization Study Group. 2000. Etiology of community-acquired pediatric viral diarrhea: a prospective longitudinal study in hospitals, emergency departments, pediatric practices and child care centers during the winter rotavirus outbreak, 1997–1998. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 19: 843 848.
42. Xi, L. F.,, L. A. Koutsky,, D. A. Galloway,, J. Kuypers,, J. P. Hughes,, C. M. Wheeler,, K. K. Holmes,, and N. B. Kiviat. 1997. Genomic variation of human papillomaviruses type 16 and risk for high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 89: 796 802.

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error