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Chapter 3 : Fungal Zoonoses

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Fungal Zoonoses, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter focuses on fungal zoonoses. Dermatophytoses are chronic fungal infections of the skin, hair, or nails. The genus Microsporum causes infectious human dermatophytoses and is also encountered in animals. The clinical presentation occurs in two clinical forms: tinea capitis and tinea corporis. Trichophyton infections, alopecia areata, alopecia specifica (syphilitica), erythema chronicum migrans, psoriasis vulgaris, granuloma annulare, pityriasis versicolor, seborrheic eczema, and candidiasis must be considered in the differential diagnosis. Trichophytosis is an infectious dermatomycosis of humans and animals due to Trichophyton spp., which induce either superficial cutaneous or subcutaneous inflammatory processes. The lesions are demarcated more clearly than those in other human infections with Trichophyton spp. The detection of Trichophyton spp., is possible only through culture. Infections with Microsporum and Epidermophyton, as well as erythema chronicum migrans, psoriasis, pityriasis versicolor, seborrheic eczema, contact eczema, and candidiasis must be considered in the differential diagnosis. The diagnosis of sporotrichosis is made by histology and/or culture of biopsy samples. Potassium iodide is the drug of choice for the treatment of cutaneous sporotrichosis.

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3
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Figures

Image of Figure 3.1
Figure 3.1

M. canis infection: alopecia areata. (Source: Department of Dermatology, University of Giessen.)

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3
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Image of Figure 3.2
Figure 3.2

M. canis infection: cutaneous lesions (contact: infected cat). (Source: W. Meinhof, Aachen, Germany.)

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3
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Image of Figure 3.3
Figure 3.3

T. verrucosum infection: deep trichophytosis (contact: infected cattle). (Source: Department of Dermatology, University of Giessen.)

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3
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Image of Figure 3.4
Figure 3.4

T. mentagrophytes infection: superficial trichophytosis (contact: infected rabbit). (Source: H. Mayer, Heidelberg, Germany.)

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3
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Image of Figure 3.5
Figure 3.5

T. quinckeanum infection: trichophytosis (scutula-like focus; contact: infected guinea pigs). (Source: H. Mayer, Heidelberg, Germany.)

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3
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References

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1. Kefalidou, S.,, S. Odia,, E. Gruseck,, T. Schmidt,, J. Ring,, and D. Abeck. 1997. Wood’s light in Microsporum canis positive patients. Mycoses 40:461463.
2. Pönnighaus, J. M.,, D. Warndorff,, and G. Port. 1995. Microsporum nanum—a report from Malawi (Africa). Mycoses 38:149150.
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4. Sinski, J. T.,, and L. M. Kelley. 1991. A survey of dermatophytes from human patients in the United States from 1985 to 1987. Mycopathologia 114:117126.
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6. Weitzman, I.,, and R. C. Summerbell. 1995. The dermatophytes. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 8:240259.
7. Kick, G.,, and H. C. Korting. 1998. Tinea barbae due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes related to persistent child infection. Mycoses 41:439441.
8. Liu, D.,, S. Coloe,, J. Pedersen,, and R. Baird. 1996. Use of arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction to differentiate Trichophyton dermatophytes. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 136:147150.
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10. Sinski, J. T.,, and L. M. Kelley. 1991. A survey of dermatophytes from human patients in the United States from 1985 to 1987. Mycopathologia 114:117126.
11. Terragni, L.,, A. Lasagni,, and A. Oriani. 1993. Dermatophytes and dermatophytoses in the Milan area between 1970 and 1989. Mycoses 36:313317.
12. Torres-Rodriguez, J. M.,, M. A. Dronda,, J. Rossell,, and N. Madrenys. 1992. Incidence of dermatophytoses in rabbit farms in Catalonia, Spain, and its repercussion on human health. Eur. J. Epidemiol. 8:326329.
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14. Weitzman, I.,, and R. C. Summerbell. 1995. The dermatophytes. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 8:240259.
15. Barile, F.,, M. Mastrolonardo,, F. Loconsole,, and F. Rantuccio. 1993. Cutaneous sporotrichosis in the period 1978-1992 in the province of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy. Mycoses 36:181185.
16. Clay, B. M.,, and V. K. Amand. 1996. Sporotrichosis: nasal obstruction in an infant. Am. J. Otolaryngol. 17:7577.
17. Dunstan, R. W.,, R. F. Langham,, K. A. Reimann,, and P. S. Wakenell. 1986. Feline sporotrichosis: a report of five cases with transmission to humans. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 15:3745.
18. Kauffman, C. A. 1999. Sporotrichosis. Clin. Infect. Dis. 29:231236.
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 3.1

Occurrence of zoophilic Trichophyton spp.

a Also called T. mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes (granular).

b Often separated into T. verrucosum var. verrucosum (cattle) and T. verrucosum var. autotrophicum (sheep).

c Also called T. mentagrophytes var. quinckeanum or put into one species together with T. mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes.

d Also called T. mentagrophytes var. erinacei.

e So far reported only from India.

f Not reported from humans.

Citation: Krauss H, Weber A, Appel M, Enders B, Isenberg H, Schiefer H, Slenczka W, von Graevenitz A, Zahner H. 2003. Fungal Zoonoses, p 253-259. In Zoonoses. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817787.ch3

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