1887

Chapter 3 : Pathogens of Gerbils

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Ebook: Choose a downloadable PDF or ePub file. Chapter is a downloadable PDF file. File must be downloaded within 48 hours of purchase

Buy this Chapter
Digital (?) $30.00

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

Pathogens of Gerbils, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817824/9781555812669_Chap03-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817824/9781555812669_Chap03-2.gif

Abstract:

The Mongolian gerbil is used as an animal model in a variety of research areas, including studies of infectious diseases, auditory science, epilepsy, vascular science, microsomal enzyme activity, and others. Few natural pathogens have been described for the Mongolian gerbil. Those most commonly found in laboratory colonies are discussed in this chapter. Cell cultures established from gerbil tissues are susceptible to several DNA and RNA animal viruses. In addition, oxyurids (pinworms) are the only type of parasite discussed. The chapter gives an overview of agent, epidemiology, clinical signs, pathology, interference with research, and diagnosis and control of bacteria and parasites.

Citation: Baker D. 2003. Pathogens of Gerbils, p 109-114. In Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817824.ch3
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555817824.chap3
1. Anderson, G. W., Jr., , T. W. Slone, Jr., , and C. J. Peters. 1988. The gerbil Meriones unguiculatus, a model for Rift Valley fever viral encephalitis. Arch. Virol. 102:187196.
2. Clark, J. D., 1984. Biology and Diseases of Other Rodents, p. 183206. In J. G. Fox, , B. J. Cohen, , and F. M. Loew (ed.), Laboratory Animal Medicine. Academic Press, Inc., New York, N.Y.
3. Hayles, L. B. 1972. Susceptibility of the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) to Western equine encephalitis. Can. J. Microbiol. 18:941944.
4. Johnson, S. S.,, and G. A. Conder. 1996. Infectivity of Hymenolepis diminuta for the jird, Meriones unguiculatus, and utility of this model for anthelmintic studies. J. Parasitol. 82:492495.
5. Lussier, G.,, and F. M. Loew. 1970. Case report. Natural Hymenolepis nana infection in Mongolain gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Can. Vet. J. 11:105107.
6. Matsuzaki, H.,, K. Doi,, C. Doi,, T. Onodera,, and T. Mitsuoka. 1989. Susceptibility of four species of small rodents to encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus infection. Jikken Dobutsu 38:357361.
7. Nakamura, Y.,, T. Nakaya,, K. Hagiwara,, N. Momiyama,, Y. Kagawa,, H. Taniyama,, C. Ishihara,, T. Sata,, T. Kurata,, and K. Ikuta. 1999. High susceptibility of Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) to Borna disease virus. Vaccine 17:480489.
8. Nawa, M. 1983. A continuous cell line, GK, derived from the kidney tissue of Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) and its virological application. Jpn. J. Med. Sci. Biol. 36:215218.
9. Osorio, J. E.,, and T. M. Yuill. 1996. La Crosse viremias in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 55:567569.
10. Schwarzbrott, S. S.,, J. E. Wagner,, and C. S. Frisk. 1974. Demodecosis in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus): a case report. Lab. Anim. Sci. 24:666668.
11. Vaughan, J. A.,, M. Trpis,, and M. J. Turrell. 1999. Brugia malayi microfilariae (Nematoda: Filaridae) enhance the infectivity of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus to Aedes mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) . J. Med. Entomol. 36:758763.
12. Xu, X.,, S. L. Ruo,, J. B. McCormick,, and S. P. Fisher-Hoch. 1992. Immunity to Hantavirus challenge in Meriones unguiculatus induced by vaccinia-vectored viral proteins. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 47:397404.
13. Yukawa, M.,, T. Takeuchi,, K. Mochizuki,, Y. Inaba,, H. Kamata,, and T. Onodera. 1993. Infection of reovirus type 3 in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus)-lesions in pancreas and brain. J. Basic Microbiol. 33:147152.
1. Boivin, G. P., , R. R. Hook, Jr.,, and L. K. Riley. 1994. Development of a monoclonal antibody-based competitive inhibition enzymelinked immunosorbent assay for detection of Bacillus piliformis isolate-specific antibodies in laboratory animals. Lab. Anim. Sci. 44:153158.
2. Clark, J. D., 1984. Biology and diseases of other rodents, p. 183206. In J. G. Fox, , B. J. Cohen, , and F. M. Loew (ed.), Laboratory Animal Medicine. Academic Press, Inc., New York, N.Y.
3. Franklin, C. L.,, S. L. Motzel,, C. L. Besch- Williford, , R. R. Hook, Jr.,, and L. K. Riley. 1994. Tyzzer’s infection: host specificity of Clostridium piliforme isolates. Lab. Anim. Sci. 44:568572.
4. Goto, K.,, and T. Itoh. 1996. Detection of Clostridium piliforme by enzymatic assay of amplified cDNA in microtitration plates. Lab. Anim. Sci. 46:493496.
5. Harkness, J. E.,, and J. E. Wagner. 1995. The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents, 4th ed. Williams & Wilkins, Media, Pa.
6. Motzel, S. L.,, and S. V. Gibson. 1990. Tyzzer disease in hamsters and gerbils from a pet store supplier. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 197:11761178.
7. Motzel, S. L.,, and L. K. Riley. 1992. Subclinical infection and transmission of Tyzzer’s disease in rats. Lab. Anim. Sci. 42:439443.
8.National Research Council. 1991. Infectious Diseases of Mice and Rats: a Report of the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Infectious Diseases of Mice and Rats. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
9. Riley, L. K.,, C. Besch-Williford,, and K. S. Waggie. 1990. Protein and antigenic heterogeneity among isolates of Bacillus piliformis. Infect. Immun. 58:10101016.
10. Veazey, R. S., II,, D. B. Paulsen, , and D. O. Schaeffer. 1992. Encephalitis in gerbils due to naturally occurring infection with Bacillus piliformis (Tyzzer’s disease). Lab. Anim. Sci. 42:516518.
11. Waggie, K. S.,, J. R. Ganaway,, J. E. Wagner,, and T. S. Spencer. 1984. Experimentally induced Tyzzer’s disease in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Lab. Anim. Sci. 34:5357.
12. Waggie, K. S.,, T. S. Spencer,, and J. R. Ganaway. 1987. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of anti-Bacillus piliformis serum antibodies in rabbits. Lab. Anim. Sci. 37:176179.
13. Yokomori, K.,, N. Okada,, Y. Murai,, N. Goto,, and K. Fujiwara. 1989. Enterohepatitis in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) inoculated perorally with Tyzzer’s organism (Bacillus piliformis). Lab. Anim. Sci. 39:1620.
1. Bresnahan, J. F.,, G. D. Smith,, R. H. Lentsch,, W. G. Barnes,, and J. E. Wagner. 1983. Nasal dermatitis in the Mongolian gerbil. Lab. Anim. Sci. 33:258263.
2. Fenske, M. 1986. Adrenal function in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus): influence of confinement stress upon glucocorticosteroid, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, and androstenedione plasma levels, adrenal content and in-vitro secretion. Exp. Clin. Endocrinol. 87: 1525.
3. Harkness, J. E.,, and J. E. Wagner. 1995. The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents, 4th ed. Williams & Wilkins, Media, Pa.
4. Heinzeller, T.,, B. N. Joshi,, F. Nurnberger,, and R. J. Reiter. 1988. Effects of aggressive encounters on pineal melatonin formation in male gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus, Cricetidae). J. Comp. Physiol. 164:9194.
5. Hull, E. M.,, E. Chapin,, and C. Kastaniotis. 1974. Effects of crowding and intermittent isolation on gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Physiol. Behav. 13:723727.
6. Nagata, E.,, Y. Fukuuchi,, K. Tanaka,, S. Gomi,, S. Takashima,, B. Mihara,, T. Shirai,, S. Nogawa,, and H. Nozaki. 1993. Immobilization stress induces alterations of secondmessenger systems in the gerbil brain. Neurosci. Res. 17:3138.
7. Strange, K. S.,, L. R. Kerr,, H. N. Andrews,, J. T. Emerman,, and J. Weinberg. 2000. Psychosocial stressors and mammary tumor growth: an animal model. Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 22:89102.
1. Agersborg, S. S.,, K. M. Garza,, and K. S. K. Tung. 2001. Intestinal parasitism terminates self tolerance and enhances neonatal induction of autoimmune disease and memory. Eur. J. Immunol. 31:851859.
2. Clark, J. D., 1984. Biology and diseases of other rodents, p. 183206. In J. G. Fox, , B. J. Cohen, , and F. M. Loew (ed.), Laboratory Animal Medicine. Academic Press, Inc., New York, N.Y.
3. Coghlan, L. G.,, D. R. Lee,, B. Psencik,, and D. Weiss. 1993. Practical and effective eradication of pinworms (Syphacia muris) in rats by use of fenbendazole. Lab. Anim. Sci. 43:481487.
4. Lubcke, R.,, F. A. Hutcheson,, and G. O. Barbezat. 1992. Impaired intestinal electrolyte transport in rats infested with the common parasite Syphacia muris. Dig. Dis. Sci. 37:6064.
5. Pearson, D. J.,, and G. Taylor. 1975. The influence of the nematode Syphacia obvelata on adjuvant arthritis in rats. Immunolgy 29:391396.
6. Sato, Y.,, H. K. Ooi,, N. Nonaka,, Y. Oku,, and M. Kamiya. 1995. Antibody production in Syphacia obvelata infected mice. J. Parasitol. 81: 559562.
7. Smith, G. D.,, and T. G. Snider III. 1988. Experimental infection and treatment of Dentostomella translucida in the Mongolian gerbil. Lab. Animal. Sci. 38:339340.
8. Wightman, S. R.,, P. A. Pilitt,, and J. E. Wagner. 1978. Dentostomella translucida in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus). Lab. Anim. Sci. 28:290296.

Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 3-1

Body systems known or likely to be affected by pathogen indicated

Citation: Baker D. 2003. Pathogens of Gerbils, p 109-114. In Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817824.ch3

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error