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Chapter 85 : Educational Program for Prevention of Legionellosis in the Tourism Sector

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Educational Program for Prevention of Legionellosis in the Tourism Sector, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Travelling and staying in hotels are a known risk factor of infections by . In Europe, it is known that more than 20% of all declared cases of legionellosis are associated with travelling. In Spain, a country that receives 50 million tourists every year and which has one of the most important tourism industries in the world, the travel-associated Legionnaires' disease (TALD) cases have followed a parallel evolution. The Hotel Inspection Programme, that was in operation for 1 year (June 1999 to July 2000), adequately accomplished the task of providing hygiene-health training of the management and maintenance staff of the hotels involved. Collaterally, it acted as a means of detecting certain generalized hygienic deficiencies in the water and airconditioning systems of the hotels, and is likely to have had a positive influence on their being remedied. The data derived from the evaluations that were made show that the programme was very well received by those taking part and that, consequently, this experience may be used to advantage in other tourism areas in the Mediterranean. Although it is early to venture conclusions on the epidemiological impact of the programme, the data available to us from the first year of its application are very encouraging and suggest that the educational factor may play a key role in the prevention of legionellosis in the tourist sector.

Citation: Crespi S, Ferrer J. 2002. Educational Program for Prevention of Legionellosis in the Tourism Sector, p 425-427. In Marre R, Abu Kwaik Y, Bartlett C, Cianciotto N, Fields B, Frosch M, Hacker J, Lück P (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817985.ch85

Key Concept Ranking

Water
0.8616542
Legionella
0.6818182
Chlorine
0.5909091
Lead
0.48011366
Infection
0.4289773
0.8616542
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Figures

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FIGURE 1

Evolution of TALD cases in Europe and Spain from 1988–1999. White bars, Europe; black bars, Spain. (Source: European Working Group on Infections.)

Citation: Crespi S, Ferrer J. 2002. Educational Program for Prevention of Legionellosis in the Tourism Sector, p 425-427. In Marre R, Abu Kwaik Y, Bartlett C, Cianciotto N, Fields B, Frosch M, Hacker J, Lück P (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817985.ch85
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References

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1. Cartwright, R. 2000. How British tour operators contribute to prevention and control of travel associated legionnaire's disease in Europe. Eurosurveillance Weekly Issue 41, 12th Oct. 2000. http://www.eurosurv.org/.
2. Crespi, S., 1992. Medidas preventivas generales, p. 1118. In S. Crespi(éd.), Legionella y Legionelosis: Normas Baskets de Prevention y Control en Instalaciones Hoteleras. Fundación Barceló, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
3.World Health Organization. Epidemiology, prevention and control of legionellosis: memorandum from a WHO meeting. Bull. W. H. O. 68:155164.
4.World Health Organization. 1982. Legionnaire's disease: Report on a WHO Working Group. EURO Reports and Studies, 72. Regional Office for Europe. W. H. O. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

Deficiencies detected in the water systems

Citation: Crespi S, Ferrer J. 2002. Educational Program for Prevention of Legionellosis in the Tourism Sector, p 425-427. In Marre R, Abu Kwaik Y, Bartlett C, Cianciotto N, Fields B, Frosch M, Hacker J, Lück P (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817985.ch85

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